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Panera Bread Objectives Essays and Research Papers. behind Panera Bread is to provide a premium specialty bakery and cafe experience to urban workers and suburban dwellers. And Cons Military. . Of Sports Management. Panera Bread's distinctive menu, signature cafe design, inviting ambience, operating systems and unit location strategy allowed it to and cons compete successfully in five submarkets of the food away from home industry: breakfast, lunch, daytime “chill out”, light evening eat in or take out, and take home bread . In his letter to labelling and mental health shareholders, in the company’s 2005 annual report, Panera chairman. Au Bon Pain , Bread , Panera Bread 1406 Words | 6 Pages. What is Panera Bread’s strategy? Which of the and cons military, five generic competitive strategies discussed in theory and mental health, Chapter 5 most closely fit the competitive . approach that Panera Bread is taking? What type of competitive advantage is Panera Bread trying to achieve? The driving concept behind Panera Bread was to provide a premium specialty bakery and cafe experience to urban workers and suburban dwellers.

Its artisan sourdough breads made with a crafts- man’s attention to quality and detail and its award- winning. Bread , Dough , Fast casual restaurant 1983 Words | 7 Pages. Panera Bread Company 0. INTRODUCTION The Panera Bread legacy began in 1981 as Au Bon Pain Co., . Pros Of The Military. Inc. Founded by Louis Kane and Ron Shaich, the Essay and Laertes: Roles of Opposing Foils, company prospered along the east coast of the United States and internationally throughout the 1980s and 1990s and became the dominant operator within the bakery-cafe category. In 1993, Au Bon Pain Co., Inc. purchased Saint Louis Bread Company, a chain of 20 bakery-cafes located in the St. Louis area. The company then managed a comprehensive re-staging. Fast casual restaurant , Fast casual restaurants , Fast food 1013 Words | 5 Pages. Panera Bread Case Analysis Michael Gibbons Strategic Management W 7:10 - 10:10 1. Panera Bread’s strategy is . to provide a superior product to a diverse customer base. Panera Bread’s concept is “to provide a premium specialty bakery and cafe experience to urban workers and suburban dwellers.” Their strategy has allowed them to and cons of the military provide an alternative meal to fast food restaurants. Analyzing Chapter Five’s generic competitive strategies the most closely fit competitive approach that Panera Bread.

Earnings before interest and taxes , Fast casual restaurant , Franchises 980 Words | 4 Pages. Panera Bread Co - Consumer Foodservice - US Euromonitor International : Local Company Profile August 2009 . Panera Bread Co - Consumer foodservice US List of Contents and Stay in Yellowstone Essays, Tables Strategic Direction . 1 Key Facts . Fast casual restaurant , Fast casual restaurants , Fast food 1174 Words | 5 Pages. Case Study Q1) Panera Bread established a unique position in and cons of the, the restaurant industry due to their emergence into the fast casual . market. Of Living. Fast casual is basically good food that is also serve o the demand. Though, the negative part is that most of this kind of pros and cons of the military food falls into in Yellowstone the category of fast food. Pros And Cons Of The Military. This category of food is Increases of Pennsylvania, deemed to be unhealthy and pros and cons of the military, low quality food although its service speed is Increases at University of Pennsylvania, quick. Examples of restaurants that fall into this group are restaurants such as famous fast food.

Coffee , Fast casual restaurant , Fast casual restaurants 1268 Words | 4 Pages. Panera Bread Co. Pros And Cons. What strategic issues and problems does Panera Bread management need to address? . With Panera Bread seeking rapid expansion and greater market share growing will lead to many problems. The Career Management. • Training employees and management • Supplier networks • Regional specific tastes and menus • Real-estate acquisitions • Warehousing • Product creation(Bakery dough) • Advertising • Franchise owner support • Distribution(Some delivery routes are up to 500 miles) What is Panera Bread’s. Bread , Fast casual restaurant , Fast casual restaurants 586 Words | 3 Pages. chain is moving forward in pros of the, a very positive direction. St. Tuition Increases At University. Louis?based Panera Bread Company, a chain of military specialty bakery-cafes, . Of Living Water. has grown from 602 company owned and franchised units in 2003 to over 877 today. In 2005 alone, its sales increased by 33.6% and its net income increased by 35.2%. So what's Panera's secret? How is it that this company flourishes while its industry as a whole is experiencing difficulty? As we'll see, Panera Bread's success can be explained in two words: positioning and execution.

Au Bon Pain , Fast casual restaurant , Fast casual restaurants 869 Words | 3 Pages. Green Panera Bread - Case Analysis June 10, 2010 Overview Panera Bread , also called St. Louis . Bread Company was founded in 1981. Rated high as a bakery-cafe restaurant, they serve a variety of and cons military breads , soups, and salads. Panera is considered a “quick casual” restaurant offering sit-down dining and catering services. About And Laertes:. Panera Bread is of the military, now a publicly traded company with over 70 locations in 10 states and Company highlights include: * As reported by The Wall Street Journal, Panera Bread. Bread , Breads , Fast casual restaurant 1103 Words | 5 Pages. Case 3 – Panera Bread . Panera Bread is a quickly expanding bakery-cafe with 1,493 company owned . and franchised operated bakery-cafes in 40 states and the District of stream of living Columbia and Ontario Canada by mid-2011.

Under the names Panera Bread , Saint Louis Bread Company and Paradise Bakery amp; Cafe reported revenue of $1.5 billion with average sales of $2.2 million per store location and an average of 6 million customers system wide each week. 1. Panera Bread’s strategy is to be a premium specialty. Fast casual restaurants , Panera Bread , Restaurant 1393 Words | 4 Pages. Running head: PANERA BREAD CASE Title: Panera Bread Strategy Ron Johnson March 1, 2009 . Pros And Cons Of The Military. Southwestern College Professional Studies Abstract This case study is about Panera Bread Company and Essay The Career Management, its strategy it wishes to employ to become the pros of the, best brand name of fresh bread in the United States. Panera Bread’s use of a broad differentiation strategy has helped their profitability and on United Immigration Policy, growth and rivals have found it hard to compete with the of the military, competitiveness of in Yellowstone National Essays Panera Bread . A SWOT analysis will reveal. Baker , Bread , Coffee 1226 Words | 4 Pages. Synoposis Panera Bread Company is a highly successful fast casual restaurant that has grown drastically even despite the . market down trend. One of its best assets is pros and cons of the military, CEO and Chairman, Ronald Shaich, whose radical and innovative ideas have taught the of living, business world many lessons.

When the competition was lowering prices to meet the trend of higher unemployment rates and focusing on making their product cheaper, Shaich proposed Panera Bread should raise their prices and cater to the 90% of the. Au Bon Pain , Bread , Fast casual restaurant 1505 Words | 5 Pages. Panera Bread Company 9/4/11 Mission Panera Bread’s mission is to make great bread . broadly available to of the military consumers across the United States. Vision Panera Bread’s vision is to on United States Policy create specialty cafes anchored by pros military, an authentic, fresh-dough artisan bakery and upscale quick-service menu selections. By targeting urban workers and suburban dwellers looking for a quick-service meal and a more aesthetically pleasing dining experience, Panera Bread’s long-term objective and strategic.

Baking , Bread , Dough 1010 Words | 4 Pages. Case Evaluation: Panera Bread Panera Bread was founded in 1981 by Essay on United States Policy, two men named Louis Kane and Ron . Shaich. It was originally a bakery enterprise-cafe by the name Au Bon Pain Company. It fist made its appearance throughout the and cons of the military, east coast in tourist attractions such as shopping centers and theory and mental health, airports. The company held the of the military, competitive advantage in Essay Management, its market and was a chain company. The two founders traveled the pros of the military, country to study the fast food market which they learned that their market would pull in. Au Bon Pain , Customer service , Economics 1110 Words | 3 Pages. Overview Panera Bread is ready for an epochal change in American eating habits.

The company is a leader in Essay Immigration, the quick-casual . restaurant business with more than 1,027 bakery-cafes in 36 states. And Cons Of The. Its locations, which operate under the Panera and of living, Saint Louis Bread Company banners, offer made-to-order sandwiches built using a variety of pros of the artisan breads , including Asiago cheese bread , focaccia, and its classic sourdough bread . Its menu also features soups, salads, and gourmet coffees. In addition. Baguette , Bread , Competition 1420 Words | 5 Pages. PANERA BREAD COMPANY Panera is a specialty cafe anchored by an authentic, fresh dough artisan bakery and Should National, upscale . quick service menu selections that include sandwiches and soups. Panera Bread primarily in suburban, strip malls, and regional malls locations that has a unique dining environment and serves higher quality products.

Panera Bread `s broad use of differentiation strategy has assisted in their growth and and cons of the military, profitability. The Wolves Stay In Yellowstone Park?. When it comes to strengthening Panera’s competitive position their rivals. Fast casual restaurant , Fast casual restaurants , Fast food 800 Words | 3 Pages. Executive Summary Problem Statement: While Panera bread has incorporated a great strategy by provided their customers with an pros and cons of the, . upscale, high-quality dining experience in the specialty Cafe category, they have fallen slightly behind in States Immigration, their pricing strategy in order to remain competitive when so many competitors are offering a similar experience with lower prices. Analysis: Panera’s Strategic intent and vision has been: • Make great bread broadly available to customers across the US • Have. Chief executive officer , Competition , Executive officer 1660 Words | 5 Pages.

? Analysis of Panera Bread Company's Leadership A company must have sound leadership to be successful in . today’s global market. There are many types of leadership styles that one can perform such as transformational and visionary. However, there is not any one style of leadership that is and cons of the military, greater than the and mental health, other. True leaders, no matter what style they choose, have the initiative and drive to out-perform the pros and cons of the, competition. Today’s business market has forced leaders to Essay and Laertes: Roles become change. Au Bon Pain , Fast casual restaurant , Fast casual restaurants 1263 Words | 4 Pages. Panera Bread Company Case * Student: -Miguel Etchebarne Question 1 What is Panera Bread’s . And Cons. strategy? Which of the five generic competitive strategies discussed in Chapter 5 most closely fit the competitive approach that Panera Bread is taking? What type of competitive advantage is Panera Bread trying to achieve? - Panera strategy was to make great bread broadly available to water consumers across the United States. Pros Military. They have an the Wolves Stay in Yellowstone Essays, attractive menu and the dinning ambience of his bakery-cafes. Au Bon Pain , Core competency , Franchise 877 Words | 4 Pages.

SWOT Strengths Steady Fast growth: Panera is one of the and cons of the, fastest growing chains with sales over $200 million in at University Essay, 2001. According to exhibit . Pros And Cons Of The Military. 2 (Dess pg. 667) Panera Bread in 2002 ranked with the of living, highest three-year sales growth rates as of military June 2004. Panera Bread has about 1,027 baker-cafes in the United States, and Essay Management, is widely recognized for driving the nationwide trend for specialty breads . This is pros and cons of the, very impressive for this type of fast-casual food industry. Part of labelling theory exciting market segment: The. Bread , Fast casual restaurant , Fast food 867 Words | 3 Pages. Panera Bread Case Study: Rising Fortunes?

Executive Summary: In 1993, AU Bon Pain Company purchased the Saint Louis . Bread Company. In 1995, top management at Au Bon Pain instituted a comprehensive overhaul of the newly-acquired Saint Louis Bread locations. The overhaul included altering the menu and the dining atmosphere. The vision was to pros of the military create a specialty cafe anchored by on United Immigration, an authentic, fresh-dough artisan bakery and upscale quick-service menu selections. This acquisition proved successful. Au Bon Pain , Bakeries of the United States , Bakery/cafe restaurants 998 Words | 3 Pages.

Panera Bread began in 1981 as Au Bon Pain Co., a fast-casual bakery and cafe chain, founded by pros, Louis Kane and Ron Shaich. Should Stay In Yellowstone Park? Essays. . Throughout the 1980s and pros and cons military, 1990s, the chain grew along the east cost of the United States and internationally. It dominated in the bakery-cafe category. In 1993, Au Bon Pain Co. Essay Management. purchased Saint Louis Bread Company, which was founded by and cons of the military, Kenneth Rosenthal. Hamlet And Laertes: Roles Foils. At this time, the Saint Louis Bread Company was in and cons military, the midst of renovating its 20 bakery-cafes in the Saint Louis area. The concept’s. Fast casual restaurant , Fast food , Fast food restaurant 799 Words | 3 Pages. 9/17/2013 Panera Bread Company 1. What is Panera Bread’s strategy? Which of the Park?, four generic competitive . strategies discussed in Chapter 3 most closely fit the competitive approach that Panera Bread is taking?

What specific kind of competitive advantage is and cons military, Panera Bread trying to achieve? Driving concept: to Management provide a premium specialty bakery and cafe experience to urban workers and suburban dwellers. Generic: Broad differentiation strategy. Competitive advantage: striving to. Au Bon Pain , Bread , Earnings before interest and taxes 770 Words | 3 Pages. ?Case Study Panera Bread Synopsis Panera Bread is a casual made-to-order fast food restaurant . Pros Of The Military. that offers specialty breads , sandwiches, tossed salads and soups.

Established in 1981, with 1,562 company owned and franchised locations, Panera Bread has moved into labelling health the forefront of the restaurant business, and has strategically penetrated the pros and cons of the, market while acquiring a robust amount of water loyal customers. Most of the restaurants offer the choice of indoor and outdoor dining. A fireplace inside the. Fast casual restaurant , Fast casual restaurants , Fast food 966 Words | 5 Pages. Organization and pros and cons of the, Management of Essay about of Opposing Foils Panera Bread. Organization and Management of Panera Bread The formation of and cons of the military Panera Bread began in 1978 when Louis . Essay About Roles Foils. Kane bought Au Bon Pain, a retail producer of baked goods. Kane changed it to a wholesale business by and cons military, opening two cafes and Essay on United States Review, staffing them with bakers and pros and cons of the, employees, but high production costs made it impossible to cover his overhead. In 1981 Kane decided to remain responsible for Stay National Essays site selection and financing, but he chose Robert Shaich to help turn the company around as President of internal operations.

Au Bon Pain , Bread , Franchises 730 Words | 3 Pages. Panera Bread PART A: INTRODUCTION: Company/Industry: Louis Kane and Ron Shaich founded a bakery-cafe called Au Bon Pain . Of The. Company Inc. in 1981. The company grew and prospered through the 1980’s and 90’s. In 1993 the company purchased Saint Louis Bread Company which had 20 locations. Between 1993 and 1997 the company expanded with an additional 100+ Saint Louis Bread bakery-cafes opening throughout the States. In 1997 the Essay The Career of Sports Management, company also changed the name of all Saint Louis Bread locations outside.

Bread , Fast casual restaurant , Fast casual restaurants 1890 Words | 7 Pages. Describe positioning and and cons of the military, operational effectiveness at Panera Bread . Immigration Policy. Identify numerous examples in your description. Pros And Cons Of The. According . to company’s profile given in case 8, Panera Bread’s establishment started in 1981 by about Hamlet and Laertes: Foils, Louis Kane and Ron Shaich as a bakery cafe. Sooner they have studied the pros of the, market and opened cafe chains in about Hamlet Foils, different states. And Cons Military. They had realized that they had an opportunity to compete with other fast food companies if they could offer higher quality and at the same time quick dining experience. Bread , Effectiveness , Fast casual restaurant 873 Words | 3 Pages. ? Shaich, CEO and Chairman of about Hamlet of Opposing Panera Bread Company, combined the ingredients and cultivated the leavennign agent that catalyzed . the companys phenomenal growth. ** Under Saich’s guidance, Paneras total systemwde revenues rose from of the, 350.8 Million in 2000 to 1353.5 million in 2009, consisting of 1,153.3 million from company-owned bakery-cafe sales, 78.4 million from franchise roylalties and theory and mental health, fees, and 121.9 million from fresh dough sales to military ffranchisees. Panera’s shares have outperformed every major. Au Bon Pain , Bread , Fast casual restaurant 1764 Words | 6 Pages.

QUESTION 1 Panera Bread has established and staked put a favorable position in the restaurant industry by the pioneering and . implementing a newly category of positioning strategy called “fast-casual”. A “fast-casual” is Stay National Essays, a strategy whereby the of the military, restaurant provides the Essay of Sports Management, consumers an pros, alternative they want which combined the Essay States Immigration Policy Review, advantage of fast food and casual dining. In other words, Panera Bread restaurant is pros and cons military, providing a fast speed service and high quality goods to their loyal and potential customers with. Business , Competition , Competitor analysis 1860 Words | 6 Pages. Panera Bread Josh Tilson Ohio Christian University MG3020 – Managers in Organizations Debra Wolfe 6/12/2013 In . Essay Hamlet Of Opposing. this paper I will be discussing the company Panera Bread , its history, and how they decided on pros of the military the business strategy that the company uses. I will also give a description of The Career Management Panera’s strategic vision and how its stakeholders enable the success of Panera . Panera was built by Ron Shaich and pros of the military, originally started out in 1980 with a little store that used to Stay be called the Cookie. Au Bon Pain , Customer , Customer service 912 Words | 3 Pages. ? Case Brief Panera Bread Context Panera Bread is a chain of and cons of the military bakery-cafe fast casual . Essay About Of Opposing. restaurants in pros and cons military, the United States that started out as Au Bon Pain Company in Immigration Review, 1981 and was founded by and cons military, Louis Kane and Ron Saich.

The locations were mostly malls, shopping centers, etc. In 1993 APB purchased St. Louis Bread Co giving them 20 additional locations. During 1994 and 1995 market research concluded a need for quality dining which was fresh and fast. About Hamlet Of Opposing Foils. St. Pros Military. Louis locations went through major overhaul with. Fast casual restaurant , Fast casual restaurants , Fast food 876 Words | 3 Pages. organization that I work for. I did this primarily for Tuition Increases Essay two reasons: to learn about the mission statement and operations strategy of military another company and to . apply the quality improvement concepts to a completely new operation’s environment. I chose The Panera Bread Company (NASDAQ: PNRA).

That is the place I have been studying for Stay Essays the last year where I could observe how they operate. And Cons Military. During this time, I have seen several areas that could be improved. The Career. For this assignment I chose one in pros, particular that has. Accessibility , Americans with Disabilities Act of States Immigration Review 1990 , Bread 1447 Words | 7 Pages. ?Synopsis Panera Bread Company began in 1981 as Au Bon Pain Co. Pros Of The. founded by Louis Kane and Ron Shaich . Ron Shaich befriended . cofounder Louis Kane in 1980, shortly after opening the Cookie Jar bakery in the Wolves National Essays, Cambridge, Massachusetts. Kane, a venture capitalist, had recently purchased the Au Bon Pain Company in 1978.

Shaich was interested in pros of the, “adding bread and croissants to his menu to Essay Management stimulate morning sales” . Shaich recalled, “50,000 people a day were going past my store, and I had nothing to and cons of the military sell. Au Bon Pain , De facto , Fast casual restaurant 1462 Words | 7 Pages. Panera Bread : A Case Study Misti Walker Panera Bread : A Case Study 1 Strategy . Theory And Mental Health. Panera Bread’s strategy is and cons military, “to provide a premium specialty bakery and cafe experience to urban workers and suburban dwellers.” This strategy is most closely aligned with a broad differentiation strategy, or being unique in on United Policy Review, ways that a broad range of consumers find appealing. Pros. Prior to taking the Panera concept nationwide, the owners performed cross-country market research and concluded that consumers could get excited. Fast casual restaurant , Fast casual restaurants , Panera Bread 734 Words | 3 Pages. Panera Bread Company Swot Analysis. Organization This case study identified many strengths Panera Bread has including those dating back to Au Bon Pain Company; . however, this section will only Essay of Opposing Foils, identify those strengths associated with the current position of Panera Bread Company. First and foremost is customer service. The company has been awarded with two major customer service awards including the J.D. Power and Associates’ restaurant satisfaction study which ‘‘ranked Panera Bread highest among quick-service restaurants in the Midwest.

Au Bon Pain , Customer , Customer service 1505 Words | 4 Pages. Amber E Mones-Jackson Drop Box #1: Panera Bread Company Case MGMT 479 Synopsis: The Au Bon Pain Bakery was first opened in . 1976 to fulfill the pros military, concept of a fast casual restaurant. Following a period of debt; the Cookie Jar Bakery owned by Ronald Shaich and Aub Bon Pain Bakery owned by Louis Kane merged to become Au Bon Pain Co. Inc. in 1981. In 1985 after noticing customers buying bread and labelling and mental health, adding their own sandwich meat, the company decided to add fresh made sandwiches to pros of the their menu to capitalize. Au Bon Pain , Fast casual restaurant , Fast casual restaurants 1503 Words | 5 Pages. The extent of this report is to analyze Panera Bread Company in terms of sustainability. Content • Introduction • Overview . • Sustainability • Conclusion • References Introduction For restaurateurs, study results suggest that developing positive indicators of customer behavioral intentions relies not only on the Wolves National Park? Essays the restaurant’s ability to increase customer satisfaction, but also to establish a favorable image and of the military, perceived value.

Hence, restaurateurs are keen to strengthen in pursuit. Fast casual restaurants , Panera Bread , Sustainability 1164 Words | 4 Pages. Name: Wong Chung Hoe Group: 12 C) Case Study Q1. How has Panera Bread established a unique position in the restaurant . industry? How has this unique position contributed to the firm’s success? Do you think Panera Bread will reach its goal of becoming a leading national brand in the restaurant industry?

Why or Why not? Panera Bread success to establish a unique position in Tuition of Pennsylvania, the restaurant industry by repositioned their restaurant to a new category in the restaurant industry, called “fast casual”. Barriers to pros military entry , Bread , Fast casual restaurant 1740 Words | 5 Pages. Panera Bread is ready for the Wolves in Yellowstone National Park? the currentchange in American eating habits. The company is a leader in the quick-casual restaurant . business with more than 1,027 bakery-cafes in pros, 36 states. Its locations, which operate under the Panera and Saint Louis Bread Company banners, offer made-to-order sandwiches built using a variety of artisan breads , including Asiago cheese bread , focaccia, and its classic sourdough bread . Its menu also features soups, salads, and gourmet coffees. In addition, Panera sells its. Bread , Competition , Fast casual restaurant 847 Words | 3 Pages. Panera Bread Company: Still Rising Fortunes? ? Panera Bread is a renowned restaurant that has come about stream of living water from the merging of great companies and people.

However, the . Military. beginning was actually with Au Bon Pain which was started in Boston’s Feneuil Hall as a demonstration bakery. Louis Kane was struck by this store’s growth potential and purchased the business in 1978. Essay About. Between 1978 and 1981 the company opened 13 stores, but subsequently closed 10 of these stores, in the Boston area and had major debt. Ronald Shaich, a recent graduate from Harvard. Au Bon Pain , Customer , Customer service 2063 Words | 7 Pages. Panera Case Review TOPIC PAGE Synopsis…………………………………………………………………….

3 LITERATURE REVIEW KEY . PROBLEM AND THE OPPORTUNITY…………………..……..……4 ALTERNATIVE SOLUTIONS …………………. Military. ………………. 5-6 SELECTED SOLUTION……………………………………………………6 IMPLEMENTATION/RECCOMENDATION…………………………… . WORKS CITED………………………………………………………………..………10 SYNOPSIS This video highlights the origins of Panera Bread. Au Bon Pain , Business school , Goal 937 Words | 3 Pages. MGMT479H June 23, 2013 Panera Case Study Week 3 Panera Bread Company's beginnings come from health, a vision of one man . Pros Of The. who purchased the Essay about Hamlet, company from pros and cons of the military, a French oven manufacturer Pavailler who opened a demonstration bakery. Louis Kane was struck by labelling theory, the potential of and cons military what the stream water, business could be so he purchased this business from Pavailler.

Named Au Bon Pain (French for “where good bread is”) and opened 13 stores and closed 10 stores between 1978 and 1981. With bankruptcy in the future, Kane meets a fellow. Au Bon Pain , Customer , Customer service 1369 Words | 4 Pages. The overview of Company situation : Panera Bread Company Panera Bread company is one of the leading . fast-causal restaurant and widely recognized as the pros and cons military, nationwide leader in the baked breads , made-to-order sandwishes, salads, custom roasted coffees and cafe beverages. The company targets to urban workers and suburban dwellers who looking for a quick service meal, qualify foods and environment. In 2004, the customers ranked Panera Bread highest among quick-service restaurants in the Mid-west and Northeast. Asset , Balance sheet , Customer 1211 Words | 3 Pages. Chipotle vs. Panera Bread Company Introduction Fast Casual Restaurant fast casual restaurant is a type of restaurant that . The Career Management. does not offer full table service but promises a higher quality of food and atmosphere than a fast food restaurant. And Cons Military. In the USA it is a relatively new and The Career Management, growing concept to fill the space between fast food and pros, casual dining.

The typical cost per meal is in the US$8–$15 range. Two emerging fast casual restaurants are Chipotle Mexican Grill and Panera Bread . When Chipotle. Au Bon Pain , Chipotle Mexican Grill , Fast casual restaurant 1784 Words | 6 Pages. Case Study: Panera Danielle Fausti @00939465 MGMT 495 Section 801 February 27, 2014 1. What does a SWOT analysis reveal about the . Essay And Laertes:. overall attractiveness of its situation? The SWOT Analysis revealed about Panera Bread Co. (PBC) in its overall attractiveness in pros and cons of the, the following.

SWOT analysis is a simple but powerful tool for sizing up a company’s strengths and weaknesses, its market opportunities, and the external threats to its future wellbeing. Strengths of the company have made it. Au Bon Pain , Fast casual restaurant , Fast casual restaurants 1521 Words | 6 Pages. is Panera Bread’s Present Strategy Working? 2 Financial Analysis: 2 Sales Growth 3 SWOT Analysis 4 Strengths 4 Weaknesses 5 . Opportunities 5 Threats 5 What is the Company’s Relative Cost Position/Value Chain Analysis?

6 Cost advantage versus competitors 6 Value Chain Analysis 6 What is the Essay Policy, Company’s Competitive Position in pros and cons military, Relation to Rivals? 7 What are the important issues/problems facing the company? 8 Competition 8 Lawsuits/Health concerns 8 How well is The Career of Sports Management, Panera Bread’s. Bread , Income , Income statement 1906 Words | 7 Pages. | “ Panera Bread Company in 2011: Pursuing growth in and cons military, a difficult economy. Should. | | Module II | | “ Panera . Bread Company in pros and cons of the military, 2011: Pursuing growth in a difficult economy. | | Module II | MGT 495 March 30, 2013 Nate Huffman 127203 MGT 495 March 30, 2013 Nate Huffman 127203 Table of Contents What are the strategy elements of Should Stay National Park? Panera Bread Company? How well do the of the, pieces fit together? The two best indicators of how well a company’s strategy is working are whether the.

Fast casual restaurant , Finance , Financial ratio 1317 Words | 5 Pages. Panera Bread (Draft) February 14, 2012 Table of Contents Executive Summary- Poligone (0) 3 Organizational Mission- . Poligone () 3 Strategic Analysis 4 Five Forces- Ortiz (1) 4 Competitive Strength Assessment- Ortiz () 7 SWOT Analysis- Bodenheimer () 8 SWOT Matrix- Bodenheimer 8 TOWS Matrix- Bodenheimer 8 Financial Analysis- Rhody () 8 Critical Issues- Miller (2) 11 Alternative Courses of Action- Williams (3) 13 Recommended Solution-Williams 15 Executive Summary- (0) . Coeliac disease , Complementors , Fast casual restaurant 3759 Words | 11 Pages. Panera Bread XXXXXXXX Stevens-Henager College Management Principles XXXXX Do you want a cafe in your . community that genuinely cares about the people that surrounds their business? If so you would really enjoy Panera Bread in your neighborhood. Panera Bread has established a mission, vision and goals for their well-founded business. The Wolves. Panera is part of a movement that strives toward healthier living and pros and cons of the military, eating. Panera has a commitment to stream their communities that they take very seriously;. Bread , Community , Corporation 584 Words | 2 Pages. components of Panera Bread’s value chain? The primary components of pros and cons of the military Panera Bread’s value chain are 2. What strategic . issues and problems does Panera Bread management need to address? The strategic issues and problems that Panera Bread management needs to address are to do with their previously discussed strategy.

They want to provide premium bakery and cafe experience, broaden their stores and locations in the states, and make Panera a nationwide brand name. The management at Panera needs to. Brand , Brand management , Marketing 402 Words | 2 Pages. Making the Dough at Panera Bread Company Terri Wilson John Totherow Rebecca Hall March 3, 2013 Executive Summary . Repetti and Increases at University, Vincelette (2005) found that Panera Bread Company “ Panera ” opened 419 new bakery-cafe stores from the initial unit expansion beginning in 1999 through 2003 as system-wide revenues increased (p. 29-1). And Cons Of The. Annualized unit volumes and Essay The Career, system-wide comparable sales percentages declined each year since 2003 indicating a decrease in company growth and narrowing profit-margin. Au Bon Pain , Bread , Fast casual restaurant 4900 Words | 12 Pages. As of and cons military Spring 2012, the two core elements of Panera Bread Company’s strategy were to stream aggressively expand its market presence . across North America and improve the quality of the dining experience it provided to of the military customers. Panera Bread believes that success is dependent on “being better than the guys across the street”. Water. They also wanted to make customers travel past other food establishment to dine at Panera Bread . Pros And Cons Of The. Panera adopted a way for attracting and retaining customers called Concept Essence. Bread , Customer , Customer service 516 Words | 2 Pages.

1. Where is theory health, Panera today? Panera Bread Company is a NASDAQ (Symbol: PNRA) traded company, which currently has over . And Cons Military. 1,500 company-owned and franchise-operated bakery-cafes in Essay States Immigration Policy, 40 U.S. Pros Of The Military. stated and Canada. Should Stay National Essays. Approximately 47 % of the and cons of the military, bakery-cafes are company owned, and most franchisees have 30 to 40 units . A review of the 2010 annual report shows that the company is doing very well financially as it ended the year with $229 in cash on the Balance Sheet and no debt, while generating approximately $238. Bread , Customer , Fast casual restaurant 617 Words | 2 Pages. Miami. At that places, people maybe know more or less about Panera Bread , enlarge the market that help company improve their . brand awareness, also can improve profits.

Panera Bread need inspect the low penetration markets cities or pilot project. The Career Of Sports Management. Open new stores at untapped markets. Like New York City, New Orleans and Toronto. Pros Military. As a franchise restaurant, Panera Bread need open new market to attract people come the restaurant, Panera Bread need open new one at a big city like New York. Firstly we need. Food , Marketing , New York City 560 Words | 4 Pages. Sunny Hill 1.) Panera Bread’s mission is to theory serve quality, fresh baked goods, sandwiches, soups, salads, and pros of the military, beverages to Should the Wolves in Yellowstone Park? their target . And Cons Military. market of urban workers and Should in Yellowstone Park? Essays, suburban dwellers looking for a quick service meal that is more aesthetically pleasing than that offered by and cons military, the traditional fast food restaurant. Their vision was to make this available to of living consumers all across the United States. Their goal is to have nearly 2000 Panera Bread bakery-cafes open by the end of and cons 2010. 2.) Their franchise.

Fast casual restaurant , Fast food , Franchise 417 Words | 2 Pages. Panera Bread Company Crafting and Executing Strategy Executive Summary The Panera Bread Company . is of Sports, starting 2007 with unfinished goals and missed targets previously set and a review of their strategy is in order to continue their ongoing success. The company has grown substantially since its inception in the competitive restaurant industry; however, an aggressive target of 2,000 Panera Bread bakery-cafes will require a focused strategic plan. The company has a strong base with loyal customers. Au Bon Pain , Fast casual restaurant , Franchise 5823 Words | 21 Pages.

forensic practitioner and baker has changed my plans dramatically. Of The. After researching the stream water, career as a baker I now know that that is of the military, not a job that I would . want to pursue. Of Sports. As a baker I don’t feel like I am making much of a difference, baking a cake or bread will not save someone’s life. Pros. I want to of living water make a difference in life and help people. Becoming a forensic practitioner I can do that. I found more excitement in researching that career. When I think about choosing a career, I feel it must be something. Au Bon Pain , Baker , Baking 641 Words | 3 Pages.

GBA 490 Dr. Martin 09/18/2013 CASE: Panera Bread Company in 2013 1. What is Panera Bread’s strategy? Which . of the and cons of the military, five generic competitive strategies discussed in Essay on United States Immigration Review, Chapter 5 most closely fit the competitive approach that Panera Bread is taking? What type of competitive advantage is Panera Bread trying to achieve? The two core elements of Panera’s strategy were to aggressively expand its market presence across North America and to improve the quality of the dining experience it provided. Au Bon Pain , Current ratio , Fast casual restaurant 780 Words | 3 Pages. this number is reasonable. Value Chain The main market segment that my business is trying to pros and cons of the market to are those over the age of 30 who live near the . About And Laertes: Of Opposing Foils. east side of Madison that enjoy deli type foods and a quite environment. Based off what Panera Breads general manager had said I believe this segment is pros of the, increasing, due to more and more people wanting to try and eat healthier while on the go.

I would start by health, marketing my products to the early birds. I would try and spread the word that my bakery. Fast casual restaurant , Fast food restaurant , Food 2310 Words | 7 Pages. PANERA BREAD (CASE #8) CURRENT SITUATION * The principal strategic was to military make great bread broadly available . to Should in Yellowstone Essays consumers across the United States. And Cons. * The strategic give us the Hamlet and Laertes: Roles Foils, recognized as the and cons of the, nation ide leader in the specialty bread . Essay About Hamlet Roles. * The driving concept behind panera bread was to pros of the military provide a Premium specialty bakery and cafe experience to urban workers a suburban dwellers looking for a quick-service meal and move aesthetically pleasing dining experience. CORPORATE GOVERNANCE . Consultative selling , Customer , Panera Bread 1558 Words | 7 Pages.

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When the Job Hunt Gets Tough, the Tough Start Consulting! By: Diane Hansen. I distinctly remember where I was when I started consulting full-time. Pros! I was in my home office, staring at for the millionth time. And Laertes: Of Opposing! I thought to myself, “I’m a talented marketing and pros, public relations professional with twelve years of experience and a laundry list of labelling theory, kudos on pros and cons, my LinkedIn profile. At University Of Pennsylvania! Why can’t I find a job?” This frustration was pivotal in my decision to strike out on pros and cons military, my own. I had been freelancing off and on of living, throughout my career, a pursuit that was both rewarding and beyond nerve-wracking at and cons military times. Starting out, I didn’t really grasp how to charge for my services, determine the Essay on United Review number of hours a project would take or choose the right clientele.

As a result, I ended up working long hours for little pay. It’s my goal to spare you some of this pain. Proving Your Credentials. It’s essential to have an online portfolio or resume if you are going to work as a freelancer or consultant. And Cons Of The! Depending on Essay Review, your business, your online portfolio can take many forms. Pros Of The! I opt to direct potential clients to at University of Pennsylvania, my LinkedIn profile. This profile showcases my latest PR work, my resume and testimonials from pros and cons clients and co-workers. You can also opt to design a Web site for yourself.

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4) Am I able to communicate well with this client? At a minimum, your contract should cover: project scope, deliverables, deadlines, payment terms and Essay The Career of Sports, guarantees (if any). You may also choose to pros of the, address legal aspects of your agreement like the ownership of intellectual property and right to use the work you do in a portfolio. Get a signature on that contract and do a great job for your client! Consultants trade on reputation, so do all you can to labelling theory health, deliver exceptional customer service. Of course, never be afraid to of the military, sub-contract help if you need it.

I frequently use Guru when I need a little extra help. Of course, I’m registered as a contractor there as well. Get your name out there and the business will follow! Since 1996, Diane Hansen has helped hundreds of businesses indentify profitable target markets, communicate to customers, expand product lines and increase bottom-line revenue. She has developed and labelling theory health, executed innovative marketing and communications plans and pros military, built a large number of win-win cross-promotional agreements. Health! Her public relations background is pros military, extensive. She has secured media for her clients in such prestigious outlets as The Wall Street Journal, The Los Angeles Times, Variety Magazine, ABC News, and the television news magazine, Entertainment Tonight. In 2009, Diane Hansen formed her own consultancy. She is also an accomplished writer and has been published nationally and internationally. Hansen currently resides in stream of living water, both Los Angeles and and cons military, Dallas.

10 Questions Never to Ask in Job Interviews. You know enough to bring a list of questions to Should Stay in Yellowstone National, a job interview. When the interviewer asks you, “So, do you have any questions for me?” the last thing? You want to say is “No.” But that could be the best option if you’re at a loss for words, because some interview questions are better left unasked. Here are 10 highly unsuitable interview questions that should never make an appearance, unless you don’t want the job:

This was a reasonable interview question in pros of the, 1950 or in 1980, before the Internet existed. Today, it’s your job to Immigration Policy, research any company you’re interviewing with before setting foot in the door. We need to and cons, show up for Tuition Increases of Pennsylvania Essay a job interview knowing what the employer does, who its competitors are, and which of of the military, its accomplishments (or challenges) have made the news lately. 2. “Are you going to do a background check?” It is amazing how many job candidates ask this question, which provokes alarm on the part of the interviewer, instead of the more general, “Can you please tell me a little about your selection process, from Hamlet of Opposing this point on?” Lots of people have credit issues that cause them worry during a job search, or aren’t sure how solid their references from a previous job might be. If you’re invited for and cons of the a second interview, you can broach any sensitive topics from your past then. Labelling! Asking “Will you do a background check?” makes you look like a person with something to hide. Companies fear underpaying people almost as much as they fear overpaying them, because a person who’s underpaid vis-a-vis his counterparts in the job market is a person with one eye on the career sites. Instead of asking about your first raise before you’ve got the pros job, you can ask (at a second interview) “Does your organization do a conventional one-year performance and water, salary review?”

A job search requires quick thinking about of the military, straight talk, and if a job is far below your abilities, you’re better off saying so than beating around the bush with this question. You don’t have to take yourself out of the running; you can say, “The job sounds interesting, but frankly I was earning 30% more and supervising people in my last job. Labelling And Mental Health! Could you help me understand the career path for this role?” That’s the cue for the interviewer, if he or she is on the ball, to highlight another job opening that might exist. 5. “How soon can I transfer to pros and cons, another position?” You’re broadcasting “I’m outta here at the first chance” when you ask this question. If you like the job, take the labelling health job. If it’s not for you, wait for the right opportunity. Almost every employer will keep you in your seat for at least one year before approving an internal transfer, so a job-search bait-and-switch probably won’t work out the way you’d hoped. 6. “Can you tell me about bus lines to and cons of the military, your facility?” Get online and research this yourself.

It’s not your employer’s problem to figure out how you get to work. If you’re working in retail or in a call center, you could ask about breaks. Everyone else, keep mum; if your need to smoke intrudes so much on your work life that you feel the need to ask about it, ask your best friend or significant other for smoking-cessation help as a new-job present. Lots of Tuition Increases at University of Pennsylvania, companies don’t permit smoking anywhere on pros, the premises, and some don’t like to Should Stay National Park? Essays, hire smokers at pros and cons military all. Why give an employer a reason to turn you down? 8. “Is [my medical condition] covered under your insurance?” This is a bad question on two counts. You don’t want to tell a perfect stranger about your medical issues, especially one who’s deciding whether or not to Foils, hire you. Ask to see a copy of the company’s benefits booklet when an offer has been extended.

This is also a bad question from a judgment standpoint; no department managers and and cons of the, only a tiny percentage of water, HR people could be expected to know on a condition-by-condition basis what’s covered under the health plan. Anyway, your pre-existing condition won’t be covered under most corporate plans for at least a year. If you have a philosophical objection to drug tests, wait until they ask you to and cons, take a drug test and tell them about your objection. Otherwise, your question sounds like, “I’d fail a drug test,” so don’t ask. 10. “If you hire me, can I wait until [more than three weeks from now] to start the of living water job?” Employers expect you to give two weeks’ notice. Pros Of The Military! If you’re not working, they’d love to see you more quickly.

If you ask for tons of time off before you start working — unless you have a very good reason — the employer may think, “How serious is Essay States Immigration, this candidate about working?” In any case, a start-date extension is something to request after you’ve got the offer in hand, not before. Liz Ryan is a 25-year HR veteran, former Fortune 500 VP and an internationally recognized expert on careers and the new millennium workplace. And Cons Military! Contact Liz at or join the Ask Liz Ryan online community at http://www.asklizryan/group. The opinions expressed in stream water, this column are solely the author’s. Stimulus Package to Increase Government Hiring. The federal government will need to hire an additional 200,000 workers over the next three years as a result of President Obama’s stimulus plan and additional spending included in his budget plan. That may sound like a lot of pros and cons of the, jobs, but it’s just slightly less than half of the 384,000 additional employees Uncle Sam already needed to pick up between 2009 and 2012 just to replace existing federal employees expected to leave their jobs. Review! “That 384,000 is a projection for retirements, voluntary separations, reductions in force and pros and cons, a few folks who will die on the job,” says John Palguta, vice president of policy for the Partnership for Public Service, a Washington, DC, advocacy group working to advance public-sector careers. With a total of nearly 600,000 openings over the next three years, what options could there be for of living water you?

About 85 percent of and cons of the military, federal jobs are located outside Washington, DC. But, since many stimulus-related jobs involve command, control, tracking or oversight, a sizable proportion — up to 22 percent — could be located in the District of Columbia itself, Palguta says. The federal government currently employs 1.9 million civilians — about the same number it did during the Hamlet and Laertes: Roles Kennedy administration. Gerald Ford, Jimmy Carter, George H.W. Bush and Bill Clinton downsized the and cons military federal bureaucracy, while Ronald Reagan and George W. Bush increased it, Palguta says. Some of this administration’s 200,000 extra workers will be added thanks to changing priorities. For example, President Obama’s 2010 budget increases funding for the Social Security Administration (SSA), so it can hire additional employees to work through a backlog of cases.

The agency will hire more than 5,000 people by of living water, September 2009, says Kia S. Green, an SSA spokesperson. “These include front-line positions in the local field offices and Teleservice Centers as well as legal support positions in pros and cons, our hearing offices,” she says. Another budget priority — better care for veterans — resulted in a $25 billion increase for Tuition at University Essay the Department of Veterans Affairs. “A good part of that will go into and cons of the military hiring more medical and health professionals in Essay and Laertes: Roles, the VA,” Palguta says. Many agencies are still toting up the pros and cons of the numbers. The Environmental Protection Agency estimates it will take tens of thousands of the Wolves in Yellowstone Park?, contractors and employees to handle clean up, assessments, design and monitoring of the pros military projects in the areas it will target with stimulus money. These areas include Superfund sites, brownfields, leaking underground storage tanks, clean water, drinking water and reducing diesel emissions. With so much stimulus money flowing out of the Wolves Stay National, Washington, DC, virtually every agency will have to hire additional auditors, attorneys and and cons military, investigators to handle the fraud that will inevitably follow. In government, those positions are part of the Inspector General’s office within each agency or department. “The Inspectors General are going to be beefing up staff,” Palguta says. In Yellowstone National Essays! The Department of Health Human Services, for and cons of the example, has $27 million for about Hamlet and Laertes: Roles of Opposing Foils increased oversight. In addition, Congress slotted $50 million to pros, create the Recovery Act Transparency and Accountability Board, a group of Inspectors General that will watch over stimulus spending.

Given the talk about tighter regulatory scrutiny of the financial markets, there will also likely be jobs openings at the Treasury Department and the Wolves Essays, the Securities and Exchange Commission. The Government Accountability Office planned to start hiring 100 people familiar with government auditing by mid-March 2009, says Patrina Clark, deputy chief human capital officer. Prior federal government auditing experience is great, but it’s not the pros of the military only way to qualify for these positions. “If they’ve done any kind of state or government auditing, or they’ve audited public entities or nonprofits, that would be qualifying experience,” Clark says. If a federal job is your best career move, don’t look for a stimulus job — look for a government job, Palguta says. Water! “Look at who’s got a job to fill and which agencies have a mission that you’re interested in,” he suggests. Gather career information by visiting the official federal government hiring site as well as the individual agency Web sites.

Expect to have a lot of company when you apply. And Cons Of The! In January 2009, after the labelling health Federal Bureau of Investigation said it wanted to hire 2,100 professional staffers, it received 230,000 applications. “There are a lot of people vying for those jobs,” an and cons of the military FBI spokesperson says. As long as you’re not working in retail, chances are the federal government hires people from your profession, Simon says. For example, a VA hospital hires everyone from food-service workers right up to brain surgeons. Even at Tuition at University an advanced career level, professionals from pros information technology, legal, law enforcement, healthcare, science, engineering, program management, purchasing and education are all in demand. And, working for the Wolves Park? Essays the federal government often means swapping a bottom-line focus for a public-interest one. “You’re concerned with what’s in the best interest of your fellow citizens and how to best serve them,” she says.

Many people start networking only after they’ve lost their jobs. Of The Military! Effective networking means creating contacts and relationships while you’re still employed. If you’re heading to a networking event, make sure you know why you’re going. On United Policy Review! Do you want a job? If so, are you seeking something specific, or will anything do? Are you looking for contacts or a mentor to provide guidance ? As soon as someone starts talking with you, you have to pros and cons of the military, hold up your end of the conversation. If you don’t know what you want, you can’t do that.

Thinking you know what you want is not the same as knowing it. Treat networking the Essay The Career Management same way you would an appearance at and cons military Carnegie Hall. Theory! Practice your pitch as well as your answers to questions about your career goals that might arise. There is nothing more embarrassing than establishing a good relationship with someone, extracting a pledge of help and then searching around for a cocktail napkin to write on. Spend a few extra bucks to print professional-looking cards on pros and cons of the military, good-quality paper . Sure, your friends know you as “SexyMama4U” or “TimeForHemp,” but when looking for work, stick to a serious email address, such as your real name. While you’re networking , you need to listen to what everyone else is saying. People help by theory health, offering advice . Military! They are not interested in Tuition Increases at University, hearing how much you already know. At a networking event, everyone wants to of the military, mingle.

And if you’re networking over the phone or by email, understand that the person you’re speaking with has a life that extends beyond you. Look sharp at Tuition Increases of Pennsylvania Essay networking events. Mind your manners, shake hands firmly, stand up straight, make eye contact and pros military, show respect in any way you can. A networking event can be a dress rehearsal for a job interview, but no one will help you get your foot in the door if you give the impression that you’ll slouch through it once it’s open. Men and Stay in Yellowstone National, women with contacts and power meet many people; they remember only pros of the, those who stand out at University, from the and cons military crowd. Tuition Increases At University Of Pennsylvania! Be assertive, and act like a leader. And Cons! But don’t go overboard.

You want to convey self-assurance, not obnoxiousness. If someone says, “Sorry, we don’t have anything right now,” take a minute or two to ask follow-up questions: “Well, what’s the outlook for future possibilities? Do you know anyone else in the industry who might have something? Any thoughts on on United States Immigration Policy, what my next step should be?” Persistence shows true interest on your part and may help the person you’re networking with come up with ideas he might otherwise overlook. It’s tempting to say, “So-and-So gave me your name and told me to pros and cons military, call.” It might even get you a meeting. But eventually Such-and-Such will learn that So-and-So did not tell you to call. And you’ll have burned not one, but two bridges. No one likes to be used. Follow up every conversation with a thank-you note, email or call. Let your contact know whether his suggestions panned out or not. When your job search ends — for whatever reason — inform the Essay on United person who has helped you.

You may think your networking is pros and cons of the military, over, but your paths may cross again. Anyone who has ever networked, whether successfully or not, owes an Should the Wolves Park? Essays obligation to all those who will network in the future. Return the favor and help someone else. Why You Need a Job Search Champion. Posted by: Meridith Levinson in Best Practices. Job search champions aggressively market job seekers to military, prospective employers, helping job seekers land new jobs more quickly. Job search experts and theory health, hiring managers agree that networking is the most effective way to land a new job . And Cons Of The! But more important than an extensive network is Essay Policy, a network that includes one or more job search champions.

Job search champions are people in military, your network who know you well and whose names would appear on your list of professional references were it not for the fact that they don’t wait for at University Essay prospective employers to pros of the military, call them to and mental health, endorse you; they proactively and aggressively help you find work by drawing on pros and cons, their networks and marketing you to prospective employers, says Howard Seidel , a partner with Essex Partners , which provides career management and job transition services. “The champions are real advocates for you,” says Seidel . “They grease the Essay and Laertes: of Opposing skids and say, ‘This guy is fantastic. You have to pros and cons, talk to this person. On United Immigration! He did a great job here and would be terrific for and cons of the you.’ They get prospective employers really excited.” Having a job search champion can make all the difference in the length of your job search. Essay Hamlet And Laertes:! Seidel , a career and executive coach, believes job seekers with champions land jobs faster because champions give job seekers entree into of the military potential job opportunities. “Getting in the door is the biggest obstacle today for job seekers,” notes Seidel. “There are hundreds of resumes for a role and so many screeners. Should Stay In Yellowstone Park?! A champion can get you through the screeners to the people hiring. If you can get in that way, the hiring process tends to go faster and you come in with a lot of good will.”

Moreover, adds Seidel , by championing the job seeker, champions predispose hiring managers to liking the candidate. This is pros military, particularly helpful in a recession, when hiring managers are inundated with applicants for opens positions, asking gotcha questions during job interviews, and looking for any reason to screen out candidates. “If you’re being introduced [to a prospective employer] by a champion, you’re going in there with a leg up because the hiring manager is [now] excited about what you can do for of Sports them,” says Seidel. “If you’re not going in there with a champion, you’ve got to do all the work yourself.” In a market where job searches for CIO positions are lasting an average of a year , having a champion gives a job seeker a clear advantage over the competition. The more champions you have, the more effective and powerful your search is pros of the, going to be.

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Abuse: How It Effects Cognitive Development Essay. Research indicates that traumatic childhood experiences, such as abuse, increase the risk for different cognitive development disorders that effect learning, memory, and consciousness. Of The. Statistics show that no one age, gender, or ethnic group is excluded. Cognitive development that is water, affected includes depression, learning disorders, developmental disorders, attachment disorders and PTSD. Patterns of attachment affect the quality of information processing throughout the individual’s life. With this evidence, it is imperative to have programs available that focus on prevention for parents and children. There are outside management courses, substance abuse classes, school based educational programs, required registration of offenders, and background checks. Treatment strategies for children are also important and should include establishing safety, dealing with the trauma, and positive self-assessment therapy, and counseling for functional impairment. Abuse increases the risk for suppressed cognitive development. Maltreatment comes in many forms: physical, sexual, psychological, neglect, and even abuse from peers. Current studies only and cons military, focus on abuse from guardians.

However, peer abuse exists as and The Career, does have a psychological effect on cognitive development (Ambert, 1994). Young children, still “embedded” in the present do not have the ability to see themselves a part of the bigger picture. The se themselves as the center of the universe and everything that happens is directly related to their own sensation. Development consists of learning to of the military, master those experiences and to learn to encounter the present as part of one’s personal experience over time. Piaget called this ”decentration”: moving from the Wolves Essays being one’s reflexes, movements and and cons of the, sensations to having them. The age at which the abuse occurs can impact the The Career Management learning and development leading to mental disorders, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), and attachment issues. Because of the results, help programs and education need to be in pros military, place for and mental health, parents, abusers and children of abuse. For example, van Harmelen, deJong, Glashouwer, Spinhoven, Penninx, and Elzinga (2010) did a study on how childhood abuse affects cognitive disorders. The Implicit Association Test was used to evaluate depression and anxiety, although it has been shown to also impact learning and development and PTSD. Participants were asked questions in order to pros of the, obtain self-reports in this study of depression and anxiety. It was found that childhood abuse leads to a higher self-depression ad self-anxiety view.

From this study it is clear that abuse affects cognitive function. According to Feldman (2011), cognitive development is the way that an individual grows and changes and the change in their intellectual capabilities can influence one’s behavior and learning abilities. Increases Of Pennsylvania. Different cognitive development happens in different stages throughout an individual’s life. These stages include: Infancy and toddlerhood (age birth to three years) children learning to sit, crawl, and of the, walk, memory functions begin, visual recognition, and language development are present. During the preschool period (age three to six years) growth and and mental health, muscular development carry on, neural interconnects grow and develop, memory functions grows, fine and pros and cons military, gross motor skills become more refined so preschoolers can catch, throw, run, use silverware, and tie their shoes. During middle childhood (age six to twelve years) growth of Tuition Increases body and brain function continues still. Gross motor functions develop to include biking, swimming, and skating. Increased fine motor skills include writing, typing, zipping, and buttoning. During adolescence (twelve years to twenty years), growth of body and neurological functioning continue and sexual characteristics develop. During young adult (age twenty to forty years) there is of the military, a peak in The Career, physical capabilities (strength, coordination, and reaction time), brain function continues to pros and cons military, grow, stress can be a health threat (Feldman, 2011). Depending on the age the abuse occurs can affect each individual’s cognitive development to include but not limited to disorders like depression, anxiety, learning and memory disorders, PTSD, and attachment disorders.

According to the definition given by Butcher, Mineka, and Hooley, depression is the emotional state that is characterized by extraordinary sadness. Since 1967, Aaron Beck has provided us with a model of his theory on depression. Beck’s diathesis-stress theory suggests that depression leads back to the Wolves Stay in Yellowstone National, a dysfunctional formation early on, which left the individual vulnerable to depression if encountered with stressors (Butcher, Mineka, Hooley, 2010). Butcher, Mineka, and Hooly (2010) discuss that according to Beck the parent or guardian are responsible for providing the child or adolescent’s schema. These may lie dormant until activated by a critical incident. It then triggers automatic negative thoughts that lead to depression. Reports of child abuse have suggested an increase in pros and cons of the, negative self-worth, negative self-attitudes, and negative self-associations. They tend to get caught up in a negative mood, which leads to depression (van Harmelen, deJong, Glashouwer, Spinhover, Penninx, and Elzing, 2010). A learning disorder is a term that refers to a delayed development.

It may be with speech, mathematics, reading, memory, or motor skills. Poor motor function and Essay on United Immigration Policy Review, memory are associated with the ability to pros, learn and functioning a school setting. Contributions to exploring the relationship of cognitive development and learning are growing. According to the studies done by water Giesbrecht and pros and cons of the military, Merckelbach (2012) some victims of abuse tend to compartmentalize their trauma. While research shows that some learning disabilities are hereditary, other studies have shown the impact that abuse has on on United Policy Review, the ability to learn and retain information. Learning disabilities are the products of pros and cons military delicate central nervous system impairments. These learning disabilities are the consequence of of living water immaturity, deficiency, or dysregulation partial to those cognitive skills that are in of the military, normal brain functions (Legano, McHough, and Palusci, 2009). Of Living Water. In addition, there is a positive correlation between abuse and cognitive failures from Broadbent, Cooper, Fitzgerald, and and cons of the military, Parkes’s Cognitive Failures Questionnaire that measures everyday lapses and errors.

There has been a major change in the way one is diagnosed with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). PTSD is a severe and the Wolves in Yellowstone National, chronic condition, which is no longer conceptualized as a normal response to and abnormal stressor but rather a pathological response to an extreme form of stress (Butcher, Mineka, Hooley, 2010). Pros And Cons. There may be a bidirectional and temporal relationship between Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), the hippocampus and neuropsychological functioning in the structural and functional part of the brain. These may either precede the stream of living water development of PTSD or emerge after the and cons of the military onset of PTSD (Gould, Clarke, Heim, Harver, Majer, and Nemeroff, 2012). Those that have been sexually abused have long-term mental and emotional suffering that lingers.

They are likely to The Career Management, have feelings of anxiety, depression, anger, and low self-esteem and pros of the, are more likely to suffer PTSD (Milner and William, 1995). These can impact marriages and other close relationships. Research by Immigration Review DeBellis, Hooper, Woolley, and Shenk (2009) pediatric PTSD symptoms are associated with lower visual memory, developmental trauma, anxiety and can lead to problems with adult PTSD. A cognitive treatment for PTSD is to pros military, vividly recount the water traumatic event over and over pros until there is a decrease in Essay The Career of Sports, the emotional responses. One other important aspect of pros and cons a child’s development is their form of attachment. This begins within the home and with the guardian. According to Ainsworth, there are four classifications of Essay The Career of Sports infant attachment that can have an impact on the child’s future. A secure attachment is where the mother is a confident base when she is in attendance. As soon as she leaves the child is obviously upset and immediately goes to her upon return.

The avoidant attachment is a style in which the child does not seek closeness to the mother and seems to avoid her upon arrival. Of The. The ambivalent attachment is an attachment in which the child shows varied reactions. They cry when she leaves but upon return they kick and hit her. Last is the Should in Yellowstone Park? Essays disorganized-disoriented attachment. This style shows contradictory behavior. They will not look at the mother upon arrival. These seem to be the most negatively attached children (Feldman, 2011). Infants, toddlers, children, and adolescents are more likely to develop negative attachments if abused.

Separation anxiety seems to military, be the biggest problem of individuals that have been abused (Barth, 2009). And Mental. According to Butcher, Mineka, and of the military, Hooley (2010), early victims of rejection and labelling theory and mental, abuse have damaging effects on military, a person’s worldview. They also suggest that a parent-child relationship is bidirectional. Some children are easier to love than others based on Should National Park? Essays, their temperaments while the guardian’s mental stability affects the attachment relationship. The type of attachment formed correlates to the type of parenting style. The different parenting styles are authoritative, authoritarian, permissive, or neglectful.

According to Butcher, Mineka, and Hooley (2010), the authoritative parent is high on warmth and moderate on control. Research shows that children of pros and cons authoritative parents tend to be friendly and confident. The Authoritarian parent is low on warmth and high on Essay and Laertes: Foils, control Research shows that children of the authoritarian parent can be conflicted and moody. These adolescents usually have more negative outcomes especially with social anc cognitive skills. Pros Of The Military. Next, the permissive parent is high on Should in Yellowstone National Essays, warmth but low on discipline. Studies indicate that children of permissive parents are impulsive and aggressive. They are often. selfish and demanding. Last, the and cons of the neglectful parent is low on warmth and low on control. Children of neglectful parents are moody with a low self esteem. They have conduct and peer problems.

They also reflect poor academics. Researchers have shown that providing structure and guidance while allowing a sense of control and freedom gives the child a more positive attachment (Butcher, Mineka, and Hooley, 2010). About Hamlet. Thus negative parenting styles can have an overwhelming effect on an individual’s ability to cope with later challenges. Harmelen, deJong, Glashouwer, Spinhoven, Pennix, and Elzinga (2010) explored the negative cognitive scars of abuse. The study dated from 2004-2007, which consisted of participants in the regular general population and those of mental care institutes at different stages of psychopathology. The ethical review board of the University Medical Center in Amsterdam approved it.

Adults were between ages 18 and 65, had a past or present depressive disorder, anxiety disorder, panic disorder, and/or social disorder. Pros And Cons Military. There were a total of 2981 participants (age M=41.9, SD=13.0). The DSM-IV was used as the diagnostic measure and labelling health, past childhood abuse was measured by self-report and with the Beck Anxiety Inventory. Pros Of The. Childhood abuse was assed by utilizing the stream Nemesis trauma interview which asks participants whether they and and cons of the military, experienced emotional, physical, and/or sexual abuse prior to the age of sixteen. Answers were recorded. Computation came from subtraction of the mean rating of anxiousness from the mean rating of calm on the IAT-stimuli.

A written consent was obtained after reviewing the study to the participants. The findings in the study of Harmelen, deJong, Glashouwer, Spinhoven, Pennix, and Elzinga (2010) explain that, when compared to the no abused group, abused individuals have a stronger depression, higher anxiety, and a lower self-esteem when compared to non-abused individuals. There was not a difference in age or education. However, females showed a higher effect of negative self-associations although both genders are affected by maltreatment. The study also showed a higher significance in correlation to sexually abused participants versus physically abused participants. Cognitive emotional maltreatment is related to the negative self-associations and development that individuals face.

The study suggests that the longer that children are exposed to any form of maltreatment, the and Laertes: more likely they are to develop damaging cognitive schemas which lead to cognitive disorders (Harmelen, deJong, Glashouwer, Spinhoven, Pennix, and Elzinga, 2010. Of The. According to Essay Roles of Opposing, a recent study (Child Maltreatment, 2010) over 3 million children are abused or neglected in the United States each year. 8.7 million of the nations children or 1 in 7 have been maltreated. This could be mentally, physically, or sexually. Seventy five percent of all perpetrators are between the ages twenty and of the, thirty nine. Studies have also shown that abused children are more likely to theory health, abuse substances (Wulczyn, 2009). There are certain reasons that increase the likelihood of pros military abuse.

These include family that bring in an annual income of under $15,000, presence of drug or alcohol addiction, the cycle of past abuse or cycle of violence hypothesis, stressful environments, high marital conflict, single parent families, and families that have more than four children. The Career Management. Incest happens in more wealthy families (Feldman, 2011). In addition, children that already have certain risk factors such as learning disabilities, behavior problems, visual or hearing impairments, or other medical problems can increase the pros and cons military possibility of on United Immigration Policy Review abuse (Child Maltreatment, 2010). The consequence of early abuse may carry on pros and cons of the military, into adolescence and even the early stages of adulthood. The results of this study make it clear that the United State needs to make sure that there are prevention programs, community management programs, and counseling programs all with the correct education and proper training. Wulczyn (2009) shows how prevention programs offer a chance to minimize the stream water effects of maltreatment on and cons of the, the developing child, but many, if not most, jurisdictions lack the infrastructure to do so within the traditional child welfare system.

Home visiting programs aim to prevent child abuse by providing knowledge, belief in abusing parenting, empathy, sensitive, responsive parenting, and Essay Review, the ability to provide a safe and stimulating home environments (Wulczyn, 2009). Barth (2009) describes a triple P-Positive parenting program to help parents deal with issues. This includes five levels of intervention 1. Pros Of The Military. A media campaign that informs parents about issues and gets them involved 2. Essay Roles Foils. Targets an individual topic at a time such as toilet training or bedtime. Parents would be in direct contact with a trainer. 3. Helps parents concerned with their child’s development and attend brief programs to learn how to manage certain behaviors.

4. This is for parents of children with more severe problems like aggression or behavior issues. They are given certain skills along with contact with a primary care physician. Last is level 5. Pros And Cons Military. This is for parents of dysfunctional families with behavior problems. They attend eleven 1-hour sessions and practitioners conduct home visits to ensure the skill being thought are being used. The biggest question of how to Should the Wolves Park?, prevent sexual abuse remains unanswered. There are numerous signs and prior efforts have been useful but new methods still need to be further explored and of the, researched. Finklehor (2009) suggest that offender management and school-based programs should be necessary to help regulate sexual abuse.

Registering sex offenders, notifying communities about their presence, background checks, controlling where they can live, and stream of living water, longer prison terms. And Cons. Finklehor (2009) continues to say that one third of the offenders are juveniles which is why there is such a need for school based programs as well. This will help to The Career Management, teach students the pros and cons of the military skills necessary to identify dangerous situations. Abused children will demonstrate different behaviors once removed temporarily from the home and placed in a therapeutic environment (Ambert, 1994). In addition to Tuition at University Essay, providing services, sometimes a temporary removal needs to be entertained until the pros family dynamics can be evaluated. Until recently, no study actually showed that participation in a prevention program resulted in reduced rates of sexual abuse for Immigration Policy, participants (Legano, McHugh, Palusci).

It is important for counselors or facilitators of programs to have an understanding of screenings, treatment evaluations, and treatment planning (Milner and Murphy, 1995). There needs to be sufficient legal and clinical instruction and training about child abuse before any assessment is conductive. The American Counseling Association has put into place a Code of Ethics for professionals to follow. Individuals need to be careful not to obtain a false positive based on bias in their findings. Working with children of abuse requires special training in order to achieve the desired outcome. It is the and cons of the military counselor’s responsibility to practice in the boundaries for which they are qualified to work.

In addition, they have a responsibility to read and understand their ethics code (ACA Code of Ethics, 2005). ACA Code of Ethics (2005) American Counseling Association. About Hamlet And Laertes: Roles Of Opposing Foils. Retrieved September 22, 2012 from Ambert, A. (1994). A qualitative study of peer abuse and its effects: Theoretical and. empirical implications. Journal of Marriage and Family, 56 (1), 119-130. Retrieved from of the Barth, R. (2009). Preventing child abuse and neglect with parent training: Evidence and opportunities. The future of children, 19 (2), 95-118. Essay Management. Retrieved from Butcher, J., Mineka, S., Hooley, J. (2010).

Abnormal psychology. Pros And Cons Of The. (14 ed.). Boston: Pearson Education, Inc Child Maltreatment (2010). Retrieved November 2, 2012 from DeBellis, M., Hooper, S., Woolley, D., Shenk, C. (2009). Demographic, maltreatment, and neurobiological correlates of ptsd symptoms in children and adolescents. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 35 (5), 570-577. Retrieved from Feldman, R. (2011). Development across the Essay Immigration life span. (6 ed., pp. 178-251). Upper Saddle River: Pearson Education, Inc Finkelhor, D. (2009). The prevention of childhood sexual abuse. And Cons Military. The future of Essay The Career children 19(2), 169-194.

Retrieved from Giesbrecht, T., Merckelbach, H. (2009). Betrayal trauma theory of. Pros And Cons Of The. dissociative experiences: Stroop and and Laertes: Foils, directed forgetting findings. The Americal Journal of Psychology, 122(3), 337-348. Gould, F., Clarke, J., Heim, C., Harvey, P., Majer, M., Nemeroff, C. (2012). Military. The effects of child abuse and neglect on cognitive functioning in adulthood. Journal of Immigration psychiatric research, 46 (4), 500-506. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2012.01.005 Legano, L., McHugh, M., Palusci, V. (2009).

Child abuse and neglect. Current problems of pediatric and adolescent health care,doi:10.1016/j.cppeds.2008.11.00 Milner, J., William, W. (1995). Assessment of child physical and sexual abuse offenders. Family Relations, 44 (4), 478-488. Retrieved from van Harmelen, A., deJong, P., Glashouwer, K., Spinhoven, P., Penninx, B., Elzing. B. (2010). Child abuse and negative explicit and automatic self-associations: T. cognitive scars of emotional maltreatment. Behavior research and therapy, 48. (4), 486-494. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2010.02.003. Wulczyn, F. (2009). Epidemiological perspectives on maltreatment prevention.

The future of children, 19 (2), 39-66. Retrieved from pros of the University/College: University of California. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 13 November 2016. Let us write you a custom essay sample on Abuse: How It Effects Cognitive Development. for only $16.38 $13.9/page.

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Essay: Was Edmund Burke A Conservative? (Irish Studies) Edmund Burke (1729-97) was a British-Irish philosopher and politician who is generally considered the founding father of conservatism. According to the monograph T he Conservative Political Tradition in Britain and the United States (1992): “[T]he writings of Edmund Burke constitute the benchmark of conservative thought” (Aughey 1992, 2). However, Terry Eagleton, a renowned Irish leftwing critic and professor of Cultural Theory, is very critical of the assumption that Burke should be the touchstone of British conservative thought. In his essay “Saving Burke from the Tories” from the pros of the military, New Statesman (July 4, 1997), Eagleton asks the water, question: “How did an Irish Whig come to be transformed into an English Tory?” His underlying agenda seemingly is to reclaim Burke from of the being a Conservative icon. In his article, Eagleton argues that in order to get another perspective on Burke, one should read Burke’s arguments against the Penal Laws that oppressed Irish Catholics during the 17th and 18th centuries (Eagleton 1997, 32).

In this essay, I will examine Eagleton’s question: was the of Sports, early Burke more a liberal politician than a conservative one in his attitude to Ireland and in particular to and cons of the military the Penal Laws and what were the historical and philosophical reasons for that in the 18th century? I will investigate how one can characterize Edmund Burke’s early political thought from my main source: Burke’s Tracts on the Popery Laws. Essay Immigration Policy! My thesis is that (the early) Burke was hugely influenced by liberal and Enlightenment ideas of his time, yet his overall political thinking was part of a conservative discourse, as exemplified in his T racts on pros of the military the Popery Laws . As such, I find it difficult to agree with Eagleton’s attempt to reclaim Burke from Essay States Policy being a conservative or a Tory. Yet he is right, to a certain extent, in emphasizing the early Burke’s political ambivalence. Although one must not forget that it is very difficult to compare 18th century political ideology to contemporary political ideology because of the change of historical context and and cons military, semantic transformations of political concepts. The origin of conservatism.

Before proceeding with the Essay, discussion of Burke’s conservatism, one must also consider that conservatism is a political ideology defined later in history and the term ‘conservative’ has gone through considerable transformations during the centuries. Burke did not use the term conservatism in the exact meaning it has today, as it had not yet emerged in the 18th century. Although in pros of the military his Reflections on the Revolution in Essay of Sports Management France he did state: “A state without the means of some change, is without the means of its own conservation” (Reflections 2009, 21). This sentence has indeed become one of the roots of the concept “conservative”. Yet before the publication of his Reflections, Burke was not considered a conservative at all (Janes 2002, 2). Military! If one goes back to the beginning of his authorship, one finds writings that are indicating an Enlightenment liberalism – especially when analyzing his writings on the conditions in Essay on United Review Ireland (Janes 2002, 2). In the nineteenth century, Burke was in and cons of the military fact mostly interpreted as a utilitarian liberal where the conservatism of his Reflections was only about and Laertes: Roles a deviation in of the military his thought (Macpherson 1980, 3). The ideology ‘conservatism’ has in the Anglophone world by a large degree been defined by and through a later conservative mythologizing of Burke’s writings and persona, making him the very origin of the conservative ideology both in Britain and the US – however different the two interpretations of Burke’s conservatism might be (Aughey 1992, 7). In this essay, I will mainly focus on the British version.

According to the monograph The Conservative Political Tradition in Britain and United States , Burke can be understood as one of the original designers of the conservative ideology (if one can speak of an stream water ideology). In any case, when analyzing an pros and cons of the military ideology like conservatism, it is of Sports Management obvious that we also have to understand its origin and genealogy. Although originally terms of abuse, ‘Whig’ and ‘Tory’ are terms that have been used in a political context in England since the 1680s in order to describe the political coalitions or groupings. They did not resemble the terms ‘liberal’ and ‘conservative’ from the beginning, nor were they political parties in the modern conception of military, a political party (Sack 1993, 46). However, in 1742 David Hume did, in his essay Of the Parties of Great Britain, define the terms in Tuition Increases at University of Pennsylvania close analogy to ‘conservative’ and pros of the, ‘liberal’: “A Tory, […] since the stream, revolution [of 1688], may be defined in pros and cons a few words, to be a lover of monarchy, tho’ without abandoning liberty; and a partizan of the family of Stuart,” while a “Whig may be defin’d to be a Lover of Liberty, tho’ without renouncing Monarchy; a Friend to the Settlement in the Protestant Line” ( §28). Should The Wolves Stay National! In other words, Tories are associated with ‘order’ and ‘monarchy’ and and cons, Whigs are the believers in ‘liberty’. Essay The Career Management! Originally, the Whigs suspected that the Tories were Catholics which gave the Tories their name, as ‘Tory’ was a nickname for an Irish Catholic outlaw. However, the distinction between the Tories being supporters of Stuarts (Catholicism) and Whigs being supporters of Protestantism changed in the 18th century via a semantic transformation and they became to signify the pros, opposition between ‘court’ and ‘country’, ‘nobility’, and ‘gentry’ – or between ‘court’ and ‘patriot opposition’ in the new party formations ( §29). During George III’s reign with Edmund Burke as an MP for the Whigs, the party formations mainly divided either, on the one hand, around Lord North (Tory), William Pitt the Should the Wolves Stay in Yellowstone National Park?, Younger (Tory) or around the pros of the military, Marquis of Rockingham (Whig) and Charles James Fox (Whig – although in coalition with Lord North) on the other hand. In the beginning of the 18th century the Tories were Jacobins who supported the Catholic Stuarts (Sack 1993, 4) and they were against the Whig government and the Hanoverian succession.

In some cases, the Tories were even directly involved in plots working on getting the Stuarts back on the throne. The Career! Besides the Jacobite Risings in 1715 and and cons of the, 1745, the Attenbury Plot was the most serious Jacobite and Tory attempt to recapture the crown ( Gradually, the Tories became supporters of ‘King and Church’ (Sack 1993, 4) and represented the nobilities and the Ascendency in Ireland (O’Brien 1992, 52). The Tories had in general moved from being Jacobites into being Royalist and Protestants (Sack 1993, 4). Edmund Burke was closely associated with the Rockingham Whigs and he actually formulated the ideology of the Rockingham Whigs (O’Brien 1992, xxxvi). Only later as a new political climate arose because of the French Revolution (1789), the terms ‘Tory’ and “Whig” were defined in a ‘new’ and ‘old’ terminology, exemplified through Burke’s own writing Appeal from the New to the Old Whigs (1791). Gradually, during the end of the of living water, 18th century, ‘old’ Whigs and Tories adjusted to the ‘new’ political vocabulary when the pros, terms ‘liberal’ and ‘conservative’, ‘left-wing’ and Essay on United Immigration, ‘right-wing’, ‘radical’ and ‘reactionary’ came into pros military being through the French Revolution ( §38/39). Essay On United Immigration Policy! In other words, Burke developed his political thoughts simultaneously with the emergence of left and right (Levin 2014, 198) and the party-system. This suggests that it is difficult to answer the question if Burke was a conservative or a liberal from the concepts alone or by comparing them to the terms ‘Whig’ and ‘Tory’. However, one can conclude that Burke was a Whig in the sense that he was a part of and pros and cons of the, even the creator of the political formation labelled ‘Whig’ by formulating to political agenda of the Rockingham government where he was also shortly appointed Paymaster of the Forces. The Irish question was very important in the development of Should the Wolves Stay National Essays, Burke’s political philosophy and early political opinions.

In this paper, I will focus on Burke’s writings on the Penal Laws, yet one could also have investigated his later writings in military which he argued for Irish free trade. Stream Of Living Water! In particular, the pros military, Penal Laws, which had been enacted mainly by the monarchs (King William III, Queen Anne, King George I and Roles, II) and passed by the Irish Parliament in the 17th and the 18th century, made a great influence on Burke’s early thinking. The Penal Laws restricted the rights of the Catholic population (and Protestant dissenters) in and cons of the Ireland severely and the purpose of the Penal Laws were to limit Catholic influence and force people to convert to Protestantism or the Essay and Laertes: of Opposing Foils, Anglican Church. Pros Of The Military! It was the intention of the political establishment in Ireland and Britain after the Glorious Revolution (1688-89) to make the Tuition at University Essay, entire colonized Ireland convert into Protestantism by the force of pros of the military, these laws. Furthermore, the Penal Laws supported the Protestant Ascendency’s right to maintain and enhance their economical possessions and political power in the colonized Ireland. The Penal Laws were gradually repealed during the of living, late 18th century, beginning with George III’s dismantling of them in Burke’s lifetime (

The Penal Laws discriminated against Catholics (and Protestant dissenters) in pros and cons military Ireland on a variety of Essay on United States Policy Review, fields: Intermarriage of Protestants and Catholics was disallowed; Catholics could not take care of Protestant children from a mixed marriage; by converting to Protestantism, one could reclaim the pros and cons of the military, land from one’s Catholic family as an inheritance. There were restrictions on Should National rights to pros military keep school and on the right to buy land; Catholics could not serve in the army, hold public offices or enter legal profession. Labelling And Mental! A Catholic could not vote for or become an pros and cons military MP in Dublin or in London. It was even a felony to teach the Catholic religion, and Essay, treason as a capital offence to convert a Protestant to the Catholic faith ( Through all of of the military, his political career, Edmund Burke saw the at University, consequences of the Penal Laws as devastating for the Catholic population in Ireland, as he said in a Letter to William Smith (1795), the pros of the military, Penal Laws were “a machine as well fitted for the oppression, impoverishment, and degradation of a people, and the debasement in them of human nature itself, as ever proceeded from the perverted ingenuity of man” ( Theory Health! The question of abolition of the of the military, Penal Laws was a cause of great concern to Burke, especially in the beginning of his political career, as we will see in my analysis of on United States Policy Review, his Tracts on the Popery Laws . Burke’s text T racts on the Popery Laws is a fragment consisting of four remaining chapters, as chapter one is missing or was never written. The Tracts are probably written during a period from 1761-1764 but were not published during Edmund Burke’s own lifetime and did therefore not have any direct political influence on the political agenda towards Ireland in military his time. Yet the Tracts might have been shown or prepared to be shown to people of influence, for example Burke’s employee William Gerard Hamilton, the Chief Secretary for Ireland. This explains why Burke was not too radical on the unfairness of the Penal Laws in his Tracts (O’Brien 1992, 41). Also Burke was born in Essay Hamlet and Laertes: Foils Dublin into a well-to-do Irish family where his father was an attorney who had converted to Protestantism.

Burke’s mother was a Catholic as a large part of his family. Burke himself was a Protestant, yet his Irishness could be a burdensome inheritance when seeking a public career and it has been an ongoing debate if Edmund Burke actually concealed his Catholicism in order to achieve his position in society (O’Brien 1992, 44) and that might also have restricted him from publishing. In the Tracts , we find some of Burke’s earliest political assumptions which are not straightforward conservative, yet not straightforward liberal either. Eagleton’s thesis that “Modern-day conservatives […], should think twice before they light their candles at the shrine of Edmund Burke” (Eagleton 1997, 33) is an interesting questioning of Burke’s contemporary legacy and tribute to his ambivalence, but a comparison between Modern and 18th century conservative standpoints is an almost impossible analytical undertaking because of the transformation of the historical context, which indirectly also might be Eagleton’s point. Yet I will try to distil the discourses of the different political and philosophical tendencies in his early thinking and compare them to the discourse of conservatism understood as a set of general ideas. I will narrow down conservatism into consisting of three philosophical discourses: a) As a discourse conservatism is associated with an ideology that is a counter-reaction to the universal ideas of the Enlightenment (Aughey 1992, 41, 58) and as a discourse antithetical to the key-concepts of the Enlightenment as for example natural rights, consent of the people, and the social contract-principle. In other words, conservatism is the political support of “monarchy and pros and cons, church” (Aughey 1992, 41, 58). b) In general, conservatism is Immigration Policy Review associated with a political discourse which emphasizes law and order. Traditional institutions and practices are the foundations of and cons military, society rather than the radicalism of revolution (Aughey 1992, 13).

Reforms in society should preserve rather than destroy. Justice is fulfilled when law and the Wolves in Yellowstone National, order is maintained in accordance with the traditions of institutions. In addition, conservatism is the belief in an organic development of society and institutions through history and a belief in natural rights only and cons military if they are given by God or founded through institutional tradition (Aughey 1992, 35). c) Finally, conservatism is traditionally an ‘ideology’ arguing for property rights for the individual through tradition or inheritance (Aughey 1992, 55). In the following, I will analyze how these three discourses are displayed in Burke’s Tracts on the Popery Laws and judge if they become hegemonic. a. Enlightenment ideas. In his Tracts , Burke is clearly influenced by the liberal ideas of the Enlightenment. He believes in stream water reason, improvement, freedom of religion, and and cons, social reforms for the general population in Ireland. Burke’s argument is that law should always consider the happiness of the multitude. The duty of the legislators is to make laws that benefits the majority of the population, Burke states in pre-utilitarian sense. Laws are oppressive if they are not for the greatest happiness for the greatest amount of people, which is not the case in Ireland where the about Roles Foils, Catholic population suffers from the Penal Laws. “Now as a law directed against the mass of the nation has not the nature of a reasonable institution, so neither has it the authority: for in all forms of government the people is the true legislator” (Tracts 2002, 62).

The underlying political principle in Burke’s argumentation seems to be the Enlightenment philosophy of the ‘consent of the pros, people’ by Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) and especially John Locke (1632-1704). Hobbes’ and mainly Locke’s idea of consent entitled the rulers to rule under certain specific conditions given by the people. This meant that society’s laws had to be an expression of the consent of the people (McClelland 1996, 241). The Tracts seem to unfold the idea that every individual in society has natural rights or a natural liberty which in turn made it possible for the individual or the people to of Sports consent by free will to the rulers of the pros, state or to laws. The underlying discourse in the Wolves Stay Essays Burke’s Tracts is that the “government of the people are the true legislators,” and laws and pros and cons of the military, institutions in Essay on United States Policy society should be designed on the grounds of pros of the, consent of the people. Furthermore, Burke also argues for Tuition at University the existence of natural rights in pros and cons of the his rejection of the Penal Laws: “Everybody is labelling and mental health satisfied that a conservation and secure enjoyment of our natural rights is the of the military, great and ultimate purpose of civil society, and that therefore all forms whatsoever of government are only good as they are subservient to that purpose to which they are entirely subordinate liberty” (Tracts 2002, 73).

A government is only valuable to Essay about Hamlet Foils it subjects in the sense that it is of any good to the people it governs and pros of the, that it is able to secure their basic human rights. In this passage, however, he uses the concept ‘conservation’ in a conservative way, although it is the stream, natural rights which have to be conserved, and government is military subordinate liberty. Burke is writing his Tracts in continuation of key-concepts from an Enlightenment discourse, yet with conservative hints. Burke is at University also influenced by of the the new Enlightenment ideas when advocating for a new approach to about law and justice: “A law against and cons, the majority of the The Career Management, people is in substance a law against the people itself” (Tracts 2002, 62). Laws are conventionally created by the consent of the people, meaning they can be changed if the circumstances of the particular law have changed, although that is, of course, also in accordance with British tradition of Civil Law. Burke did not believe in any abstract rights. Interestingly, law is also founded on a more original justice, according to Burke: “All human laws are, properly speaking, only declaratory; they may alter the pros and cons of the military, mode and application, but have no power over labelling theory health the substance of original justice” (Tracts 2002, 64-65). The original justice can be understood as natural rights given by God: “I mean the will of Him who gave us our nature, and in giving, impressed an invariable law upon it” (Tracts 2002, 63). Burke might believe in an almost Ciceronian (Wallace 2013, 198) conception of natural rights but these rights are given by God. In that sense, Burke combines traditional conservative thinking with traditional liberal thinking: people might have natural rights, but they are given by God.

According to Burke, the real purpose of repealing the Penal Laws is also to pros of the maintain peace and order and avoid revolution in Ireland. Burke is opposed to the prevalent argument of the political establishment for maintaining the Essay Hamlet and Laertes: of Opposing Foils, Penal Laws: “The great prop of this whole system is not pretended to be its justice or its utility, but the supposed danger to the state, which gave rise to it originally, and which, they apprehend, would return if this system was overturned” (Tracts 2002, 90). Burke is indirectly referring to the consequences of the Glorious Revolution and the actions taken in order to secure power of the Protestant victors, yet he finds it an pros and cons of the military over-reaction to Essay The Career of Sports enact such harsh laws as the Penal Laws, as they will only encourage revolution and rebellion among the Catholic population in Ireland: “it will show that an pros of the military attempt to continue them in that state will rather be disadvantageous to the public peace than any kind of security to it” (Tracts 2002, 92). In other words, in order to preserve order and Essay and Laertes: Roles of Opposing, peace in society, and and cons, avoid revolution, the Irish parliament should repeal the Penal Laws. As Burke emphasizes at the very end of his Tracts: “nothing can be more absurd and dangerous than to tamper with the stream of living water, natural foundations of pros of the military, society, in hopes of keeping it up by certain contrivances” (Tracts 2002, 94). Finally, the of Sports, question of property is significant in the Tracts . Although subversive to the political agenda of the Whigs (in Dublin) at the time, Burke argues in a conservative way on behalf of the property rights of the Irish Catholics. In fact, conservatism becomes subversive when Burke deals with the Irish question and pros of the, the consequences of the Penal Laws, as Eagleton suggested in the Wolves Stay in Yellowstone his article (Eagleton 1997, 32). Military! The right to own your property is a fundamental conservative thought Burke expresses in his Tracts as the land of the Irish Catholic population has indeed been confiscated by the Protestant Ascendency. Stream! This could be interpreted as a Lockean emphasis on property, but Burke’s idea of property is also based on pragmatism and inheritance, while Locke’s ideas on property are based on property acquired through labor and the persona (Locke 2014, 740). In that sense, Burke’s conservative values, pragmatism and emphasis on inheritance work as the argument for pros military the right of the Catholic population of Ireland to maintain their property. “I must observe that although these penal laws do indeed inflict many hardships on those who are obnoxious to them, yet their chief, their most extensive and most certain operation is upon Essay Policy Review, property […] For a law against property is a law against industry” (Tracts 2002, 88).

Natural rights and history. In continuation of my analysis above, the question if Burke was conservative can be condensed into the question if Burke founded his philosophy on ‘natural rights’ or ‘history’. Indeed, in his essay Eagleton admits that especially Burke’s reaction to a theory of military, natural rights was the main reason why Burke in labelling the first place could be interpreted as the founding father of conservative thought. Burke believes “in the doctrine that political rights are guaranteed by the passage of time itself” (Eagleton 1997, 32). This traditionally very conservative standpoint was of course against the liberal ideas of such radicals as Tom Paine and Mary Wollstonecraft who wanted to ground human rights on nature. C.B. Macpherson states about Burke’s political philosophy: “the appeal is to history and observation, not to Natural Law” (Macpherson 1980, 24). Although ‘natural law’ and ‘natural rights’ are not exactly the same (Hobbes 2008, 86), O’Gotman holds that Burke’s definition of of the, natural rights just had another definition than the traditional Enlightenment definition: “Burke’s natural rights amounted to labelling and mental the normal benefits of social living, those of order, security, justice and peaceful possession of property and labour” (O’Gorman 1973, 166). The American-German philosopher Leo Strauss argues in his monograph Natural Right and History (1953) that Burke did refer to natural rights. “[Burke] does not tire of speaking of natural right, which, as such, is anterior to of the military the British constitution. But he also says that ‘our constitution is a prescriptive constitution; it is Increases Essay a constitution whose sole authority is that it has exited time out of mind’” (Strauss 1953, 319). Based on this quote, the pros and cons military, British Constitution, as it has evolved through history, is the fundamental principle in Burke’s political philosophy, yet anteceded by natural rights.

Furthermore, Yoval Levin writes in his recently published work The Great Debate (2014): “It is not hard to see why some readers would take such declarations as evidence that Burke sees an accessible natural law above the position law” (Levin 2014, 74). Indeed Burke is significantly ambivalent when it comes to natural rights, and one could argue that Burke’s conservatism is characterized by ambivalence. Labelling And Mental! Burke did claim the label of ‘Whig’ for himself throughout most of his public career, though he did write in a letter that he did not greatly care if his principles were thought to be Whig or not. “If they are Tory principles, I should always wish to be thought a Tory” (Sack 1993, 66). One could also argue, as Eagleton, that Burke’s conservatism and and cons military, belief in “prescription” had a subversive character, as his “appeal to tradition was in fact politically subversive” (Eagleton 1997, 32). Burke was, as we saw above, subversive when he argued against Should Park?, the obviously unfair treatment of the Irish population according to property rights.

He was against the Penal Laws and he saw the great disadvantages of the economic inequality that the Ascendency bestowed upon the Irish society, yet he did that in of the military order secure order and peace in the British Empire to labelling and mental health which he was always a loyal and patriotic servant. Edmund Burke’s early political standpoints were hugely influenced by liberal and Enlightenment ideas of his time, still his overall political thinking was mainly part of a conservative discourse, as exemplified in pros and cons military his Tracts on the Popery Laws . Burke may have used Enlightenment liberal thinking in his argumentation against the Penal Laws, but these ideas were subdued a conservative hegemonic discourse with key-concepts as God, justice, property, and order. As such, this paper does not entirely agree with Eagleton’s attempt problematize the prevalent interpretation of Burke as a conservative or a Tory, but he is right, to a certain extent, in about Hamlet and Laertes: Foils emphasizing the early Burke’s political ambivalence – Although it is very difficult to compare 18th century political ideology to and cons of the contemporary political ideology because of the change of historical context and semantic transformations of political concepts. In the stream, beginning of his article, Terry Eagleton asks the question: “How did an Irish Whig come to pros and cons of the be transformed into an English Tory?” My answer would be that Burke has become an inseparable part of conservative mythology through the Stay in Yellowstone National Essays, genealogy of conservatism. The political terminology has gone through a semantic transformation in the course of and cons, history. In the 17th and 18th century, the terms ‘Whig’ and ‘Tory’ do not entirely match the of living water, terms ‘conservative’ and ‘liberal’.

But through the evolvement of the political formations in Britain’s parliament, and pros, the related semantic transformation of the terms ‘Whig’ and ‘Tory’, they became to signify ‘conservative’ and ‘liberal’. Burke was closely associated with the Whigs as he was to become a minister in the Rockingham government, and he was one of the theory health, main contributors to the Whig policy in the second half of the 18th century, yet his thinking points towards later conservatism. (Work in progress) List of references. Burke, Edmund. 2009 (1790). And Cons Military! Reflections on the Revolution in France. Oxford World’s Classics.

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2008 (1651). Leviathan. Oxford University Press. New York. Levin, Yuval. 2014. The Great Debate. Edmund Burke, Thomas Paine and the Birth of Right and Left. Basic Books. Pros And Cons! New York. Locke, John.

2014 (1690). The Wolves Stay National! An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. Wordsworth Classics of World Literature. London. Macpherson, C.B. 1980. Military! Burke. Oxford University Press. Oxford. McClelland, J.S. 1996.

A History Of Western Political Thought. Routledge. London. O’Brien, Conor Cruise. 1992. The Great Melody: A Thematic Biography and Commented Anthology of Edmund Burke. Sinclair-Stevenson. London. O’Gorman, Frank. Tuition Increases At University! 1973.

Edmund Burke. His Political Philosophy. George Allan Unwin Ltd. London. Rabinow, Paul (ed.). Pros! 1991. The Foucault Reader. Penguin Books. London. Sack, James J. 1993. From Jacobite To Conservative.

Reaction and orthodoxy in Britain c. 1760-1832. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge. Strauss, Leo. Essay Of Sports Management! 1971 (1953). Natural Right and History. 7th Impression. The University of Chicago Press. Chicago. Eagleton, Terry. “Saving Burke form the Tories.” In: New Statesman; Jul 4, pp.

32-33. 1997. O’Brien, Conor Cruise. “Burke, Ireland, and America.” In: National Review, Sept. Pros! 15, pp. 35-40. 1997. Wallace, Nathan. Essay Of Sports! “Matthew Arnold, Edmund Burke, And The Irish Reconciliation”. And Cons! In: Prose Studies, Vol.

34, No. 3. December 2012. Pp. 197-223. Routledge 2012. The Attenbury Plot. Cambridge University Library: Laws in Ireland for the Suppression of Popery. Penal Law. Theory Health! University of Minnesota Law School Library: Accessed 31.03.2015.

William F. Byrne, Edmund Burke and the Politics of Empire. First Principle Journal: Yaday, Alok. And Cons! Historical Outline of Restoration and 18th-Century British Literature. George Mason University: