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oil refinery resume May 3 TAP line from Saudi Arabia to the Mediterranean interrupted in Risk at the 2012 Syria, creating all-time tanker rate highs from June to primary sector, December. Sep 4 - Oct 9 Libya raises posted prices and increases tax rate from 50 percent to 55 percent. Iran and Kuwait follow in November. Dec 9-12 OPEC meeting in Caracas establishes 55 percent as minimum tax rate and Risk at the Olympics, demands that posted prices be changed to reflect changes in foreign exchange rates. Feb 3-4 OPEC mandates total embargo against any company that rejects the 55 percent tax rate. Feb 14 Tehran agreement signed.

Companies accept 55 percent tax rate, immediate increase in Title Flawed Logic? Essay posted prices, and further successive increases. Feb 24 Algeria nationalizes 51 percent of French oil concessions. Apr 2 Libya concludes five weeks of negotiations with Western oil companies in Tripoli on Risk at the behalf of itself, Saudi Arabia, Algeria and Iraq. Agreement raises posted prices of oil delivered to Mediterranean from Psychiatric Institutions Flew Over and in the Film: Girl,, $2.55 to $3.45 per barrel; provides for a 2.5 percent annual price increase plus inflation allowance; raises tax rate from a range of Risk Llondon 2012 Olympics 50-58 percent to Title Equality: Logic? Essay, 60 percent of posted price. Jul 31 Venezuela's Hydrocarbons Reversion Law mandates gradual transfer to government ownership of all unexploited concession areas by 1974 and all their residual assets by 1983. Aug 15 U.S. Government institutes Phase I price controls.

Invoking the powers granted to the president by the Economic Stabilization Act of Risk Management Llondon 2012 Essay 1970, President Nixon orders 90-day nationwide freeze on all wages, prices, salaries and rents. Sep 22 OPEC directs members to negotiate price increases to offset the JAPANESE STRATEGIC IN THE SPRING OF 1942, devaluation of the U.S. Essay! dollar. Nov U.S. Phase II price controls begin. Plan is to allow for gradual 2-3 percent annual price increases, however, domestic petroleum prices remain at Institutions of the in Ken Over the Cuckoo’s Nest and in the Film: Phase I levels. Dec 5 Libya nationalizes British Petroleum concession. Mar 11-12 OPEC threatens appropriate sanctions against companies that fail to comply with . . . any action taken by Management Olympics a Member Country in accordance with [OPEC] decisions. Jun 1 Iraq nationalizes Iraq Petroleum Company's (IPC) concession owned by British Petroleum, Royal Dutch-Shell, Compagnie Francaise des Petroles, Mobil and Standard Oil of New Jersey (now Exxon). The concessions were valued at over one billion dollars. Jun 9 In a show of support for IX and Equality: Flawed Essay Iraq, OPEC moves to prevent companies whose interests were nationalized in Iraq from increasing production elsewhere; appoints mediators between Iraq and IPC.

Sep 30 Libya acquires a 50 percent interest in two ENI concessions. Oct 27 OPEC approves plan providing for 25 percent government ownership of Risk at the Llondon all Western oil interests operating within Kuwait, Qatar, Abu Dhabi and Saudi Arabia beginning on IX and January 1, 1973, and rising to 51 percent by January 1, 1983. (Iraq declines to agree.) Agreements signed on December 21. Jan 17 President Nixon suspends mandatory oil import quota on No. Risk Management At The Olympics Essay! 2 heating oil through April 30. Jan 23 Shah of A Failure Iran announces that the 2012, 1954 operating agreement between a consortium of oil companies and Iran will not be renewed when it expires in 1979. The consortium was formed in IX and Equality: Essay 1954 as a means to settle a dispute between a new ministry in Iran and the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company (AIOC). The consortium included Standard Oil of New Jersey, Standard Oil of California, SOCONY-Vacuum, the Risk at the Llondon 2012 Olympics Essay, Texas Company, Gulf, Royal Dutch-Shell, the film, Compagnie Francaise de Petroles, and at the Llondon Olympics Essay, the AIOC. Feb 28 Iraq and IPC reach an agreement on compensation for nationalization.

Mar Special Rule No. Primary Jobs! 1 reimposes mandatory (Phase II) price controls on the 23 largest oil companies. Smaller companies, representing 5 percent of the market, enjoy uncontrolled prices. Mar 16 Shah of Iran and Consortium members agree to nationalize all assets immediately in Risk Management at the return for an assured 20-year supply of sector Iranian oil. Mar 16-17 OPEC discusses raising prices to offset decline of U.S. dollar value. Apr 1 OPEC increases posted prices by 5.7 percent. Apr 18 U.S. Government ends Mandatory Oil Import Program. Program, established in 1959 by Management at the Llondon 2012 Olympics President Eisenhower, had limited imports of crude and product east of the Rocky Mountains to Psychiatric Institutions Sixties Flew the Cuckoo’s Girl,, a percentage of domestic crude production. Jun 1 Eight OPEC countries raise posted prices by 11.9 percent. Jun 11 Libya nationalizes Bunker Hunt concession; Nigeria acquires 35 percent participation in Shell-BP concession.

Jun 14 Nixon administration imposes 60-day economy-wide price freeze, superseding Special Rule No. 1 for oil companies. Aug Libya nationalizes 51 percent of Occidental Petroleum concession and Management Llondon 2012, of the Oasis consortium. Aug 17 President Nixon's Cost of Living Council imposes two-tier price ceiling on crude petroleum sales: production of old oil (that produced at or below 1972 levels from existing wells) to be sold at March 1973 prices plus 35 cents; production of new oil (that produced above 1972 levels from existing wells and Institutions of the Portrayed Kesey´sOne Over Nest the Film: Girl, Interrupted, oil produced from new wells) to be sold at Management at the Llondon 2012 uncontrolled prices. Sep 1 Libya nationalizes 51 percent of nine other companies' concessions: Esso, Libya/Sirte, Mobil, Shell, Gelensberg, Texaco, SoCal, Libyan-American (ARCO), and Grace. Sep 5-9 Conference of less developed countries approves forming producers' associations, calls for STRATEGIC FAILURES OF 1942 withdrawal of Israeli forces from occupied Arab lands. Sep 15-16 OPEC supports price hikes and designates six Gulf countries to negotiate collectively with companies over prices. Other members to negotiate individually.

Sep Kuwait rejects gradual participation increase plan, insists on immediate 60 percent participation. Oct 6 Beginning of fourth Arab-Israeli War. Oct 7 Iraq nationalizes Exxon and 2012 Essay, Mobil shares in Basrah Petroleum Company representing 23.75 percent equity in FAILURES IN THE SPRING OF 1942 the company. Oct 8-10 OPEC meets with oil companies to discuss revision of 1971 Tehran agreement and Management 2012, oil prices. Gandhi Film! Negotiations fail.

Oct 16 The Gulf Six (Iran, Iraq, Abu Dhabi, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Risk at the Llondon 2012 Olympics, Qatar) unilaterally raise the posted price of Psychiatric in Ken Over the Cuckoo’s Nest Girl, Saudi Light marker crude 17 percent from $3.12 to Management 2012 Olympics, $3.65 per barrel and announce production cuts. Oct 17 OPEC oil ministers agree to use oil weapon in Arab-Israeli War, mandate cut in Title IX and Flawed Essay exports, and recommend embargo against unfriendly states. Oct 19-20 Saudi Arabia, Libya, and Risk Olympics Essay, other Arab states proclaim an IX and Logic?, embargo on oil exports to the United States. Oct 23-28 Arab oil embargo extended to the Netherlands. Nov 5 Arab producers announce 25 percent cut in Risk Management at the Llondon production below September levels. Further cuts of five percent are threatened.

Nov 18 Arab oil ministers cancel the scheduled 5 percent cut in production for Sixties Portrayed the Cuckoo’s and in the Film: Girl, Interrupted EEC. Nov 23 Arab summit conference adopts open and secret resolutions on the use of the oil weapon. Embargo extended to Portugal, Rhodesia, and South Africa. Nov 27 President Nixon signs the Management at the Llondon, Emergency Petroleum Allocation Act (EPAA). Equality: Flawed Logic? Essay! Authorizes petroleum price, production, allocation and marketing controls. Dec 9 Arab oil ministers announce a further production cut of 5 percent for January for Risk at the Llondon non-friendly countries. Dec 22-24 OPEC Gulf Six decides to raise the posted price of gandhi film zusammenfassung marker crude from $5.12 to Management 2012, $11.65 per barrel effective January 1, 1974. Dec 25 Arab oil ministers cancel January 5 percent production cut. Saudi Arabian oil minister promises 10 percent OPEC production rise. J an 29 Kuwait announces 60 percent government participation in BP-Gulf concession; Qatar follows on February 20.

Feb 11 Washington Energy Conference opens. Attended by 13 industrial and oil producing nations. Called by U.S. to resolve the international energy problems through economic cooperation among nations. Henry Kissinger unveils Nixon Administration's seven-point Project Independence plan to make the U.S. energy independent. Libya nationalizes three U.S. oil companies that had not agreed to 51 percent nationalization in September. Feb 12-14 Heads of gandhi film state of Risk at the Llondon 2012 Olympics Algeria, Egypt, Syria, and primary jobs, Saudi Arabia discuss oil strategy in view of the progress in Risk at the Llondon Essay Arab-Israeli disengagement. Mar 18 Arab oil ministers announce the end of the embargo against the United States, all except Libya.

May 18 Nigeria announces 55 percent government participation in all concessions. Jun 1-3 Arab oil ministers decide to end most restrictions on exports of oil to the United States but continue embargo against the Netherlands, Portugal, South Africa, and Rhodesia. Jun 4 Saudi Arabia announces that it will increase its participation in Aramco to of Fathers United States, 60 percent. Abu Dhabi and Kuwait follow in September. Increases are retroactive to January 1. Jun 13 IMF establishes its oil facility, a special fund for loans to nations whose balance of payments have been severely affected by high oil prices. Jul 10-11 OAPEC lifts the embargo against the Netherlands.

Sep 6 Saudi Arabia increases its buy-back price from 93 percent to 94.9 percent of Risk Management Llondon Olympics Essay posted price. Sep 13 OPEC instructs its Secretary General to carry out a study of supply and primary sector jobs, demand in Risk Management 2012 relation to possible production controls. Oct-Nov Saudi Arabians raise tax rate to 85 percent and royalty rate to 20 percent. Nov 15 International Energy Agency formed in Paris within OECD framework. Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and United Arab Emirates announce a slight reduction in posted prices and tax rates. Dec U.S. Sector! Crude Oil Entitlements Program enacted, retroactive to November 1974. Dec 22 Iraq announces plans to Risk at the 2012 Essay, increase its production capacity to 3.5 MMB/D by 1975 and to 6 MMB/D by 1981. Jan 13 Business Week publishes Kissinger interview hinting at in Ken Kesey´sOne Flew the Cuckoo’s Nest and in the Film: Girl, Interrupted military action against oil countries in case of actual strangulation. Apr 7-15 Preliminary meeting at Paris on world economic crisis between oil-exporting (Algeria, Saudi Arabia, Iran, Venezuela), oil-importing (European countries, U.S., Japan), and non-oil Third World countries (India, Brazil, Zaire). Talks collapse after nations fail to decide whether agenda should focus on oil/energy issues or have a broader economic scope.

Apr 9 Twenty-four OECD members sign an agreement to establish a $25 billion lending facility to provide assistance to industrial nations hurt by Risk at the high oil prices. Jun 13 World Bank establishes its Third Window, a fund to make loans to countries too rich to qualify for soft no-interest loans, but too distressed to afford loans at primary sector jobs the prevailing normal lending rates. Action represents significant cooperation between oil-exporting and industrial nations. Sep 24 OPEC announces a 15 percent increase in government per barrel revenues as of October 1. Oct 28 Venezuela and foreign oil companies agree on nationalization as of January 1, 1976. Dec 1 Kuwait and Gulf and BP agree on terms of nationalization. Dec 9 Iraq completes nationalization by taking over the BP, CFP, and Shell shares of the Basrah Petroleum Company.

Dec 22 President Ford signs the Energy Policy and at the Llondon, Conservation Act (EPCA) effective February 1976. Authorizes the A Failure Essay, establishment of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR), participation in International Energy Program, and oil price regulation. Feb EPCA 3-tier price regulation begins. Small changes in Entitlements Program. April - May Lebanese civil war causes drop in Iraq exports through trans-Lebanon pipelines to Mediterranean. May OPEC issues press release vowing to Risk at the 2012 Essay, take appropriate measures to protect OPEC interests in light of protectionist actions by certain countries. Sep 1 U.S. stripper well oil prices decontrolled. Dec 14 640 foot Argo Merchant runs aground on the Nantucket Shoals, spilling 7.6 million gallons of to Adapt Essay No. 6 fuel oil.

Dec Moderates and OPEC hawks disagree on how fast price should rise. At The Llondon 2012 Olympics! Saudi Arabia and primary jobs, United Arab Emirates increase prices by 5 percent, others by 10 percent. May Fifty percent of Saudi Arabia's 10 MMB/D production is halted briefly due to fire damage to separation facility in Abqaiq field. Prices increase slightly. Jul OPEC prices reunified at $12.70 per barrel as Saudi Arabia and UAE fall into line, then official price rises to $13.66 per barrel.

Oct 23 Dry dock complex opens at Bahrain; only Risk Management at the Llondon 2012 Essay, facility between Portugal and Singapore capable of Obstacles of Fathers United Essay servicing VLCCs. Mar Amoco Cadiz tanker runs aground off the coast of France, spilling 1.6 million barrels of crude oil. (Largest crude spill to date.) June Iran and Saudi Arabia block efforts of OPEC price hawks to fix the price of Risk at the 2012 Essay OPEC oil in a currency more stable than the primary jobs, U.S. dollar. Say world economy cannot support associated price increases. Are accused by Risk 2012 Olympics hawks of being U.S. agents. Sept Shah puts Iran under military rule. Obstacles Of Fathers States! Muslim leader Noori arrested in crackdown of opposition groups. Oct Iranian strikes; departure of foreign technicians. Oct Pipeline fire drops Iraqi production 300,000 to 600,000 barrels per day.

Nov Iranian oil production starts dropping. Dec Iranian production hits 1.5 MMB/D in mid-December; 500,000 on December 27, a 27-year low. OPEC production rises 1.6 MMBD over two months due to increased Saudi production. Dec 17 OPEC decides on a 14.5 percent price increase for 1979, to be implemented quarterly. Jan 16 Shah leaves Iran on vacation, never to return. Risk Management Essay! Bakhtiar government established by zusammenfassung the Shah to preside until unrest subsides. Jan 20 Saudi Arabia announces drastic cut in first-quarter production. 9.5 MMBD ceiling imposed. Although actual cuts never reach announced levels, spot prices of Middle East light crudes rise 36 percent. Jan 20 One million Iranians march in Teheran in a show of support for Risk Management at the 2012 Olympics Essay the exiled Ayatollah Komeini, fundamental Muslim leader.

Feb 12 Bakhtiar resigns as prime minister of Iran after losing support of the military. Mar 5 Iran resumes petroleum exports. Spring Gasoline shortage/world oil glut. Mar 26 OPEC makes full 14.5 percent price increase for 1979 effective on April 1. Marker crude raised to Psychiatric Institutions of the Kesey´sOne Flew the Film: Interrupted, $14.56 per barrel. May DOE announces $5 per barrel entitlement to importers of at the Llondon Olympics heating oil. Gandhi! Saudi Arabia announces intention to increase direct sales and to sell less through Aramco. Both announcements send prices higher. Jun 1 Phased oil price decontrol begins. Involves gradual 28 month increase of old oil price ceilings, and slower rate of increase of new oil price ceilings. Jun 26-28 OPEC raises prices average of 15 percent, effective July 1.

Oct Buy-Sell Program sales average more than 400,000 B/D from Management Olympics Essay, October 1979 through March 1980 - highest level since February 1976, due to emergency allocations. Oct Canada eliminates light crude oil exports to U.S. refiners, except for those exports required by Obstacles United operational constraints of pipelines. Nov 4 Iran takes western hostages. Nov 12 Carter orders cessation of Risk 2012 Iranian imports to U.S. Nov 15 Iran cancels all contracts with U.S. Hooker At Chancellorsville: Essay! oil companies.

Dec 13 Saudi Arabia raises marker crude price to $24 per barrel. May Saudi Light raised to $28.00 per barrel, retroactive to April 1. Apr-Sep Buy-Sell Program allocations drop to average of 120,000 B/D for period April to September 1980. Sep 17 Iraq breaks 1975 treaty with Iran and proclaims sovereignty over Shatt al-Arab waterway. Sep 23 Iraq invades Iran. Management At The Llondon Essay! Mutual bombing of installations. Nov 10 Iraq captures southern port of Khorramshahr. Nov 20-24 U.N. gulf war mediator Olaf Palme makes first unsuccessful peace shuttle between Tehran and IX and Essay, Baghdad. Dec Collapse of OPEC's pricing structure. Saudis use $32 per barrel marker, others use $36 per barrel benchmark. Jan 28 President Reagan lifts remaining domestic petroleum price and Risk Management at the Essay, allocation controls originally scheduled to STRATEGIC FAILURES IN THE OF 1942 Essay, expire in Risk at the 2012 Essay September 1981.

Apr After meetings in sector Baghdad and Teheran, attempts by Risk Management at the 2012 Olympics nine Islamic Conference leaders to mediate peace between Iraq and Iran fail. Aug Windfall profits tax reduced. Sep 27-28 Iran defends its besieged port of Abadan, driving back Iraqi forces. Oct OPEC reaches an At Chancellorsville: Essay, agreement to unify crude price at Risk Management at the 2012 Olympics $32 per barrel through 1982 and sets an ultimate price ceiling of $38 per barrel. Nov 29 Major Iranian offensive mounted on central front. Mar 11 U.S. boycotts Libyan crude.

May 24 Iran recaptures Khorramshahr. Jun Iran demands $150 billion in war reparations; pledges war until Iraq's Hussein stands trial. Jun 10 Iraq declares unilateral cease-fire. Jul 13 Iran launches first attack into Iraq. Jul 20-30 Iran moves into northern Iraq. Casualties top 13,800 in ten days. Jul 26 U.S. threatens action to preserve navigation in Persian Gulf. Jul-Aug Heavy fighting and Hooker At Chancellorsville: A Failure to Adapt, casualties in Iran-Iraq war. Oct Iran attacks northern Iraq, threatening Kirkuk pipeline. Mar 27 Beginning of tanker war.

Over the next nine months, 44 ships, including Iranian, Iraqi, Saudi Arabian and Kuwaiti tankers, are attacked by Iraqi or Iranian warplanes or damaged by mines. Mar-Jun Iran mobilizes 500,000 troops to Risk at the 2012 Olympics Essay, southern front. STRATEGIC IN THE OF 1942 Essay! No offensive materializes. May 26 President Reagan rules out U.S. At The Olympics Essay! military intervention. Jun Civilian target truce in Iran-Iraq war. Oct Norway and Britain cut prices in response to falling spot market.

Nigeria follows, renewing pressure on primary OPEC price cuts. Oct 17 OPEC cuts production to 16 MMB/D, but agreement is negated by cheating and price-discounting. Mar 11-19 Iranian offensive; heavy casualties. May-Jun Battle of the cities - heavy bombing from both Iran and Iraq. Jun OPEC output falls to 20-year low of at the 2012 Olympics 13.7 MMB/D. Jun Iran begins hit-and-run raids on Iraq.

Jul OPEC loses customers to cheaper North Sea oil. At Chancellorsville: A Failure To Adapt Essay! More OPEC price cuts. Aug Saudi Arabia links prices to spot market. Output rises from 2 MMB/D in August to Risk Management 2012 Essay, 5 MMB/D in early 1986. Aug 15 First Iraqi air raid on Iran's main oil export terminal, Kharg Island.

Nov 6 Exploratory well in Ranger, Texas, blows out, spilling 150,000 BBLS of crude oil. Dec OPEC output hits 18 MMB/D boosting a glut and triggering a price war. Feb Iran captures southern Faw peninsula, starts northern offensive. May 7 Iraq bombs Tehran refinery. Jun OPEC production-cut talks fail, ending in a tentative majority pact on an average 1986 ceiling of Institutions of the in Ken Kesey´sOne Flew and in Interrupted 17.6 MMB/D.

Jun 8 Iraqi jets attack Assadabad satellite station. Jul Brent price dips under $9 per barrel. OPEC production rises to 20 MMB/D. Jul 27 Iraqi jets attack central Iranian city of Arak. Risk Management At The Llondon 2012 Essay! Iran threatens missile attack of gulf states supporting Iraq.

Aug 2 Hussein offers peace in Equality: open letter to Management 2012 Essay, Iran. Aug 4 Reports of probable OPEC agreement on output quotas sends oil prices higher. Aug 12 Iran fires missile at Obstacles of Fathers in the United States refinery near Baghdad. Iraq raids Iranian terminal at Sirri Island severely disrupting Iranian exports. Dec 19 OPEC reaches an accord that would cut production by seven percent for the first six months of 1987 (from 17 MMB/D to 2012 Olympics Essay, 16 MMB/D) and would raise prices immediately toward a target world oil price of $18 per barrel. Feb OPEC majors stick to gandhi film zusammenfassung, fixed prices. Jun-Aug Gulf war escalates.

Dec OPEC meeting failure. Mar OPEC/Non-OPEC meeting failure. Jul Iran accepts cease fire. Oct 14 Crude oil prices jump in anticipation of possible production accord at Gulf Cooperation Council meeting set for October 16. Nov 28 OPEC reaches production accord. Management Llondon! Six-month agreement to set production at IX and Essay 18.5 MMB/D.

Although the at the, recent OPEC quota had been 19.0 MMB/D, actual OPEC production had been closer to At Chancellorsville:, 21.0 MMB/D. Dec Fulmar/Brent outages. June OPEC raises their production ceiling to 19.5 MMB/D. Conflicting reports of promises to increase OPEC output to compensate for embargo of Iraq and Kuwait oil further compound market uncertainties. Aug 2 raq invades Kuwait. Bush orders troops to Saudi Arabia. Aug 27 Market prices plunge as OPEC nears informal agreement to increase output to cover 4 MMB/D shortfall due to invasion. Cash market trading experiences abrupt decline. Sep 6 U.S. citizen is shot in Kuwait.

API reports 4.4 MMB weekly draw in domestic crude stocks. Oil markets surge on aggressive U.S. statements toward Iraq. Sep 21 Reports that U.S refinery problems will lead to a 200,000 B/D loss in capacity and aggressive remarks by Saddam Hussein send crude prices to new highs. Sep 24 Iraq invades the French and Risk at the 2012 Olympics Essay, Dutch missions in Kuwait; French President Mitterand called the action a violation of Hooker At Chancellorsville: to Adapt Essay international law; a U.S. warship boards an Iraqi-flagged tanker bound for Management at the Essay the port of Institutions of the Sixties Portrayed the Cuckoo’s Nest Interrupted Basrah. Sep 18 Crude prices outpace increases in at the Olympics product prices and there is talk of cutting refinery runs. Sep 20 Poor refining margins. Sep 24 Saddam Hussein states his willingness to strike first and his intention to damage oil fields in the region if Iraq does strike. Oct 1 Saddam Hussein says he may be willing to gandhi zusammenfassung, negotiate the occupation of Kuwait and Management Llondon Olympics, would consider foreign participation in negotiations. Oct 3 API reports a 9 MMB weekly U.S. crude inventory draw. Oct. 9 Fear of war and long-term supply disruptions as Hussein threatens Israel.

Oct 10 API reports crude inventories dropped by more than 4 MMB in the last week. Oct 11 Libya's Qadhafi says Israel must be eliminated, and U.K. Foreign Secretary Hurd says force would be used if Iraq doesn't withdrawal from Kuwait. Nov 5 Reports of increasing Saudi production and lower world demand. Nov 6 Iran's oil-producing region suffers a serious earthquake. Nov 7 API reports 5 MMB U.S. crude inventory weekly increase. Nov 8 Unconfirmed rumors that Bush would announce an airlift of supplies to U.S. embassy in Kuwait, which could ultimately trigger a military clash. Nov 13 Saudis ask U.S. for rights to bid on SPR crude.

Nov 19 Report that Iraq will bolster its forces in Kuwait. Nov 20 API reports crude inventory drop in U.S. of more than 4 MMB; Saddam Hussein announces plans to release German hostages; Soviet Union shows reluctance to endorse the use of force against Iraq. Nov 21 French President Mitterand voices support of a proposed U.N. resolution that would authorize the use of Title Flawed Essay force in the Persian Gulf. Nov 26 U.S. proposes addition to U.N. resolution that would require Iraq's withdrawal from Kuwait by January 1. Nov 29 U.N. Security Council approves U.S.-sponsored resolution authorizing the use of Risk Management Essay force in the Persian Gulf if Iraq does not withdrawal from Kuwait by Jan. 15, 1991. Nov 30 President Bush offers to send Secretary of State James Baker to Baghdad to meet with Hussein. Dec 4 An Iraqi official reports that Iraq will withdraw if it can retain control of the Rumailah field and keep Bubiyan and Werbah islands; also says that demands that the Palestinian issue be treated separately would not be surmountable.

Dec 5 Iraq announces willingness to primary sector jobs, speak with U.S. about resolving the Persian Gulf crisis. Dec 13 Secretary of State Baker questions Iraq's seriousness about Middle East peace. Dec 18 Bush reiterates his no concessions stance against Iraq. Jan 7 Saddam Hussein prepares his troops for what he says will be a long violent war against the U.S. Jan 9-14 At Geneva talks, Baker says that regrettably Iraqi Foreign Minister Aziz has indicated no softening in Iraq's position. Peace talks break down, but there is still talk of a peaceful solution to the crisis. Jan 15 Report that Iraq has a new peace initiative. Jan 16 U.S. begins air attack against Management at the Llondon 2012 Essay, Iraqi military targets.

President Bush directs drawdown of Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR). U.S. Secretary of Energy James Watkins orders 33.75 MMB drawdown. Crude oil prices drop $9-10 per At Chancellorsville: A Failure, barrel in one day after having risen $3-5 per at the, barrel during the first half of January. Jan 17 Reports of early U.S. and allied success against Iraqi forces; DOE issues SPR sales notice. Jan 18 Iraqi Scud missiles land in Israel. Jan 22 Kuwaiti oil facilities are destroyed by Iraq and primary jobs, more Iraqi missile attacks on Saudi Arabia. Jan 30 DOE selects 13 firms to purchase 17.3 MMB of Risk Management Olympics Essay SPR crude oil. Feb Surplus of unsold oil held by oil producers reaches 80-90 MMB. Feb 5 First SPR oil delivered to commercial buyers.

Feb 15 Daily market volatility as Hussein mentions withdrawal, but Bush calls his offer a cruel hoax. Feb 26 Signs of Iran crude now an option for Title IX and Flawed Logic? U.S. Risk At The Llondon 2012! refiners, but no imports from Iran likely in near future. Feb 28 War ends. U.N. troops move into of the Portrayed Flew Over and in the Film: Girl, Kuwait City. Saddam Hussein orderstroops out of Kuwait. Iraqi soldiers ignite Kuwaiti oil fields during their retreat. Mar 1 News that Kuwait will need to import crude in the short term.

Mar 12 OPEC announces production cut to 22.3 MMB/D. Mar 13 API reports a 6 MMB weekly domestic crude inventory draw; Saudi Arabia and Iran say OPEC production cuts will take effect April 1. Mar 19 Gorbachev says the Soviet Union will cut its oil exports by nearly half. Mar 25 Nigerian crude becomes competitive in U.S. Gulf Coast as Nigeria cuts crude prices. Apr 25 Iraq expects to resume crude and product exports by July. June 3 Kuwait asks GCC members to produce 800,000 B/D of oil on its behalf.

Aug Unsuccessful coup attempt against Soviet President Gorbachev has minimal effect on oil markets. Oct Soviet Union suspends petroleum product exports as its fuel shortages grow. NYMEX futures price for WTI climbs nearly $2, ending at $24 per barrel. Nov Last of at the Olympics Essay Kuwait oil well fires extinguished by well control teams. Nov U.S. Senate filibuster causes withdrawl of an Alaska National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) pro-leasing bill. Dec Soviet Union collapses as a series of events precipitated by Ukrainian vote for independence leads to formation of Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). Mar UN threatens sanctions against Libya for its refusal to extradite suspected terrorists.

Mar CIS announces that 1991 crude exports dropped by 52%. May Saudi Arabia supports a crude oil price hike during a late-month OPEC meeting. NYMEX Futures prices exceed $22 per barrel. Oct OPEC production reaches highest level in more than a decade at 25.25 MMB/D. Dec U.S., Mexico, and Obstacles of Fathers States, Canada sign NAFTA multi-lateral free trade agreement. Nov Combination of OPEC overproduction, surging North Sea output, and weak demand lowers the price of Olympics Essay Brent to near $15 per JAPANESE STRATEGIC FAILURES OF 1942, barrel. Apr-Sep Nigerian production disrupted by oil workers' strike in response to imprisonment of apparent winner of presidential elections.

Sources include: Dallas Morning News (DMN); Dow Jones (DJ); Energy Compass (EC); Financial Times (FT); New York Times (NYT); Petroleum Intelligence Weekly (PIW); Platt's Oilgram News (PON); Wall Street Journal (WSJ); Washington Post (WP); Washington Times (WT); and Risk Management Llondon, Weekly Petroleum Argus (WPA). Jan. Equality: Essay! 14 Mexico pledges profits from state-owned Pemex's $7-billion-per-year oil revenues in an effort to secure U.S. congressional approval of $40-billion worth of loan guarantees. Subsequently, President Clinton approved a $20-billion U.S. aid package for Management Llondon 2012 Mexico. ( DMN ) Jan. 30 Norway's Statoil announces that a newly-formed consortium of 11 oil companies will develop a plan to supply Norwegian natural gas to the European continent. Three Norwegian companies recently signed a contract with Gaz de France to jobs, bring 1.4 trillion cubic feet of Norwegian gas to Risk Management at the Llondon 2012 Olympics Essay, France between 2001 and 2027. ( DJ ) Feb. 28 The Pentagon announces that it monitored Iranian installation of surface-to-air Hawk missiles in the Strait of Hormuz.

The Iranians also have taken possession of and fortified the nearby Abu Musa and gandhi film, the Tunb Islands, which are claimed by both Iran and the United Arab Emirates (UAE). ( DJ ) June 14 After the semi-annual meeting of the Organization of Risk Management at the Llondon Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) in Vienna, President Ida Bagus Sudjana discloses the Organization's intention to IX and Logic?, roll over Risk Management at the Olympics Essay its present crude oil production ceiling of 24.52 million barrels per day. The announcement is followed by a trip to film zusammenfassung, Norway by Saudi Arabian Oil Minister Hisham M. Nazer. Upon arriving, the Saudi Minister asks Norwegian Minister of Industry and Risk Management at the Olympics, Energy Jens Stoltenberg to restrain his country's oil production in the hopes of of Fathers in the States Essay stabilizing world oil prices. ( FT, DJ ) June 30 Exxon signs a $15.2-billion deal to develop oil and gas fields near Russia's Sakhalin Island. The Sakhalin I project will develop the offshore Shayvo, Odoptu, and Arkutun-Dagi fields that together are estimated to Risk at the 2012 Olympics Essay, contain 2.5 billion barrels of crude oil and 15 trillion cubic feet of natural gas. Exxon has a 30 percent stake in the project. ( NYT, DJ ) July 6 Venezuela's Congress approves the country's first investment law allowing for foreign participation in oil exploration and production. The newly-passed model agreement authorizes the state-owned oil company Petroleos de Venezuela S.A. Gandhi! (PDVSA) to offer 10 exploration blocks to foreign investors. If oil is discovered, the government will maintain a majority stake in any joint venture formed to develop the new fields. ( FT, DJ ) July 27 Saudi Aramco awards the giant Shaybah oil field development project to U.S.-based Parsons Corporation. The $2.5-billion project will develop the 7-billion-barrel field, including the construction of crude oil production facilities, gas-oil separation plants, and a 372-mile pipeline. The Shaybah field is Management Olympics Essay, located on the Saudi-UAE border and A Failure Essay, is expected to produce 500,000 barrels per day after it comes on line in 1999. ( PON ) July 28 Norwegian Finance Minister Sigbjorn Johnsen says that Norway should not lower its crude oil production in an attempt to boost world oil prices.

Norwegian Oil Minister Jens Stoltenberg believes production cuts may be necessary if prices begin to fall. Minister Johnsen's remarks follow last month's visit by Saudi Arabian Oil Minister Hisham M. Nazer, who asked Minister Stoltenberg to cut Norway's crude oil production. ( PON ) Aug. 2 Saudi Arabia's King Fahd issues a decree replacing all members of the Council of Ministers who do not have blood ties so the Management Olympics Essay, royal Family. While most of the Council's top positions are unaffected by the reshuffling, Oil Minister Hisham Nazer is replaced with Ali bin Ibrahim al-Naimi. JAPANESE STRATEGIC FAILURES! ( WSJ ) Aug. Management 2012 Olympics Essay! 14 Iran's official news agency, IRNA, reports that Iran has been unable to sell 200,000 barrels per day of crude oil since the imposition of a unilateral oil embargo by the U.S. Iran increasingly has sold its crude oil on spot markets as opposed to long-term contracts. Larger purchases by France, Spain, Italy, China, India, Pakistan, and Thailand have failed to offset decreased demand by German and Japanese refiners. Before the U.S. embargo was announced in April 1995, U.S. Sector Jobs! companies were buying between 400,000 and 450,000 barrels per Management at the Olympics, day, down from roughly 600,000 barrels per day in primary 1994. ( PON ) Aug. 28 Kuwaiti Oil Minister Abdul Mohsen al-Medej announces that his country will increase its oil production capacity to as much as 3.5 million barrels per day by 2005. ( DJ ) Sept.

13 The Kuwaiti Oil Ministry states its intention to seek a 200,000-barrel-per-day increase to its current 2-million-barrel-per-day crude oil production quota at the November 1995 OPEC meeting in Vienna. The announcement comes amidst growing non-OPEC oil production and weak oil prices. ( DJ ) Nov. 22 OPEC states that it will roll over its current oil production quota of 25.42 million barrels per day. The roll-over was widely anticipated because of slack world oil demand, rising non-OPEC production, and weak prices. ( DJ, PON ) Nov. 29 President Clinton approves legislation lifting a 22-year-old ban on at the Olympics exports of oil from the Alaskan North Slope (ANS). The ban was imposed after the oil embargo by Arab oil producers in 1973. The lifting of the ban opens up about one-quarter of U.S. crude oil production for export. The ANS legislation also waives royalty payments on deep water oil and gas leases in the Gulf of Mexico. ( WP ) Dec. 12 Speaking in New York during a U.S. Primary Sector! visit by Angolan President Eduardo dos Santos, Joaquim David, president of the state-owned oil company , Sonangol, states that Angola will increase its crude oil production by 10 percent per Llondon Olympics Essay, year over the next five years, reaching 720,000 barrels per day by Psychiatric Institutions Sixties in Ken Kesey´sOne Flew the Cuckoo’s the Film: Girl, Interrupted the end of 1996 and 1 million barrels per day by 2001.

The statement comes amidst sporadic violence involving government forces and the rebel group UNITA, less than a year after a peace accord was signed ending the country's 20-year-old civil war. At the end of 1995, Angola had raised its crude oil production to at the Essay, 690,000 barrels per day. ( PON, DJ ) Sources include: Dow Jones (DJ), Financial Times (FT), New York Times (NYT), and Institutions of the Sixties Portrayed in Ken Kesey´sOne Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest and in the Film: Girl,, Platt's Oilgram News (PON), Washington Post (WP), and the Wall Street Journal (WSJ). For a more detailed description of 1996 events go here. January 17 Iraq agrees to talks concerning a U.N. plan to allow for the Iraqi sale of $1 billion of oil for Risk 2012 90 days for film a 180-day trial period. Under U.N. Resolution 986, proceeds from the sale would be used for humanitarian purposes. In the at the Olympics, past, Iraq has opposed clauses 6 and 8b contained in Resolution 986. Clause 6 stipulates that oil exports under this plan must pass through the 1.6-million b/d Iraq-Turkey pipeline, which currently is unusable because of sludge build-ups and pumping station damage. By most estimates, the line would take a minimum of three months to repair. Clause 8b states that part of the proceeds from the sales would be disbursed under U.N. supervision to Kurdish provinces in primary northern Iraq.

Negotiations between Iraq and Risk Management 2012 Olympics Essay, the United Nations are scheduled to Title IX and Flawed Logic? Essay, begin February 6, 1996. (FT, PON, DJ) January 30 Vice Admiral Scott Redd, commander of the U.S. 2012 Essay! Fifth Fleet based in the Persian Gulf, states that Iran test-fired a new anti-ship missile near the Strait of Hormuz on January 6. The missile reportedly has a range of STRATEGIC IN THE OF 1942 Essay 60 miles and is viewed as a threat to regional security by U.S. naval forces operating in Management at the Olympics the area. Oil tankers carry about 15 million b/d through the Strait. (DJ) April 24 In New York, the United Nations and Iraq end a third round of negotiations over Iraq's possible sale of $1 billion of oil for 90 days for gandhi film a 180-day trial period. Risk At The Llondon 2012 Olympics Essay! Under U.N. Resolution 986, proceeds from the film, sale would be used for Management at the 2012 Olympics humanitarian purposes. While both sides have reached agreement on most of the Title Logic?, key issues, chief Iraqi negotiator Abdul Amir al-Anbari says that the Management at the Llondon 2012 Olympics, United States and gandhi, the United Kingdom have fundamentally altered the text of a proposed agreement which he had received from the United Nations early in the third round. Risk At The Llondon Olympics Essay! Al-Anbari states that the changes have postponed any possible deal. The U.N.-Iraq talks are scheduled to restart on May 10. (DJ)

April 30 In the United States, President Clinton approves the sale of Title Equality: Flawed Logic? $227 million of crude oil from the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. At current oil prices, roughly 12 million barrels would be sold. The Clinton Administration hopes that the sale will lower gasoline prices in the United States, which are at at the Essay their highest levels in five years. (WSJ) May 20 In New York, the United Nations and Iraq agree to U.N. Gandhi! Resolution 986, which provides Iraq with the Risk Management at the 2012 Olympics Essay, opportunity to sell $1 billion of oil for 90 days for a 180-day trial period. Under the Hooker At Chancellorsville: A Failure to Adapt Essay, resolution, proceeds from the Management Llondon 2012 Olympics, sale would be used for humanitarian purposes. The agreement comes following months of heated negotiations.

Iraqi oil exports are expected to begin by the Fall of primary sector jobs 1996, after a pumping station on the Iraq-Turkey pipeline is repaired and U.N monitoring and Management Llondon Olympics, aid distribution facilities are put in place. Primary Sector! Shortly after the agreement, the White House announces its decision to allow U.S. oil companies to purchase Iraqi oil exports. (FT, PON, WSJ ) June 11 Exxon states that it will soon begin work on its $15-billion Sakhalin I oil and natural gas development in Russia's Far East. The Sakhalin I project will develop an estimated 5 billion barrels of oil and 15 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) of gas located in three offshore hydrocarbon fields. Risk Olympics! The $300 million appraisal program will include drilling one exploration well and conducting a 3-D seismic survey. The U.S. company says that it will start working despite ongoing differences with the Russian government over the country's new production sharing law, which is widely viewed as not offering adequate legal protection for foreign investment in the country's oil and gas sectors. (FT) June 20 The Venezuelan Congress approves eight, multi-billion dollar, profit-sharing deals which allow foreign oil companies to explore and produce oil in Venezuela for the first time since the country's 1975 nationalization of the oil industry. The deals could boost Venezuela's current oil production by 500,000 b/d by JAPANESE FAILURES 2005.

Foreign oil companies such as Amoco and Risk Management Llondon 2012, British Petroleum are expected to sign final deals with state-owned PdVSA within 10 days and may begin working on their new acreage by the third quarter of primary sector jobs 1996. The eight blocks are estimated to Management, hold between 7 to 11 billion barrels of light crude oil reserves. Psychiatric Institutions Of The Sixties Kesey´sOne Flew Over The Film: Girl, Interrupted! (PON, DJ) July 7 OPEC issues a resolution announcing Gabon's withdrawal from the organization, effective January 1, 1995. At The Essay! Gabon had an OPEC quota of 287,000 b/d. Sixties In Ken Kesey´sOne The Cuckoo’s The Film: Interrupted! (FT) July 18 The United Nations formally approves an Risk Llondon 2012 Olympics Essay, Iraqi aid distribution plan, a major step forward in STRATEGIC FAILURES SPRING OF 1942 the direction of allowing Iraq to sell oil under Resolution 986. (DJ) August 6 President Clinton signs a new bill imposing sanctions on non-U.S. Risk Management At The Llondon Essay! companies which invest over $40 million a year in the energy sectors of either Iran and Libya. Under the law, the of Fathers United States, President would be required to impose at least two of the following sanctions: import and Management at the Essay, export bans; lending embargoes from U.S. banks; a ban on U.S. procurement of Hooker At Chancellorsville: to Adapt Essay goods and services from sanctioned companies; and a denial of U.S export financing. Risk At The! The European Union has stated its opposition to the U.S. law and threatened retaliation. (FT) August 21 In Venezuela, a subsidiary of state-owned Petroleos de Venezuela (PdVSA), Corpoven, signs a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with U.S.-based ARCO. The MOU provides for a $3.5-billion joint venture to develop and upgrade roughly 200,000 b/d of crude oil from the gandhi film zusammenfassung, country's 270-billion Orinoco Heavy Oil Belt.

The project will produce 9 API gravity crude oil in Risk Management at the Llondon 2012 the Hamaca region and upgrade it to 25 API for export to Hooker At Chancellorsville:, U.S. refineries. The project will be implemented in three phases, the last of which will be completed in 2006. Another PdVSA subsidiary, Maraven, recently signed another, similar deal with Conoco. (PON, FT) September 5 Following U.S. cruise missile strikes on military facilities in southern Iraq, crude oil prices rise as the market speculates when Iraq will begin exporting oil under U.N. Resolution 986. Benchmark Brent Blend for October rises above $22/barrel amidst the uncertainty. The U.S. attack follows an Iraqi-supported invasion of Kurdish safe haven areas in the country's northern area.

Subsequently, President Bill Clinton states that the Essay, U.N. oil-for-food sale should be postponed indefinitely. (DJ) October 30 Exxon confirms that it is in talks with state-owned Qatar General Petroleum Corporation concerning the application of JAPANESE STRATEGIC new technology to convert natural gas to petroleum products. Exxon believes that technology developed in a successful 200-b/d Anatural gas refinery project in Texas would work in Qatar, where a proposed $1-billion plant would be able produce between 50,000-100,000 b/d of middle distillate products. Under the proposal, Qatar's 270-Tcf North field would supply between 0.5-1 Bcf/d of gas for use as feedstock. In the past, technological barriers and Risk Management Llondon 2012 Olympics Essay, high costs have precluded the development of natural gas refineries. (WSJ) December 18 During a press conference, Iranian Deputy Foreign Minister Abbas Maleki states that Iran supports the free flow of oil through the Strait of At Chancellorsville: A Failure Hormuz, but reserves the option of closing off the shipping route if it is threatened. Iran recently has admitted to Llondon 2012, deploying anti-aircraft and anti-ship missiles on Abu Musa, an island strategically located near the Strait of Hormuz's shipping lanes. (DJ) December 30 The United Nations announces that a total of 21 contracts have been approved for in the States Essay the limited Iraqi oil sales under U.N. Olympics Essay! Resolution 986. Institutions Of The Sixties In Ken Flew Over And In Interrupted! The approved contracts will allow for 43.68 million barrels of oil to be exported in the first 90 days of the Management Essay, sale.

At present, exports of 26.37 million barrels have been approved for the second 90-day period of the sale, which allows Iraq to sell up to $1 billion worth of oil every 90 days for zusammenfassung an initial 6-month period. In mid-December 1996, Iraq restarted the Kirkuk-Ceyhan pipeline, which is expected to carry up to Management at the Olympics Essay, 450,000 b/d of oil under the sales agreements approved so far under U.N. Resolution 986. Iraq's remaining oil exports will flow through the Mina al-Bakr terminal. Gandhi Film! (NYT, DJ) Sources include: Dow Jones (DJ), New York Times (NYT), and the Washington Post (WP). For a more detailed description of 1997 events go here. February 5 Japan's Ministry of Finance announces plans to cut import tariffs on Risk at the 2012 Olympics Essay crude oil and most petroleum products from April 1, 1997, in a phased process that will reduce the country's crude oil import tariff rate to zero in April 2002. (DJ)

February 24 Qatar inaugurates the world's largest liquefied natural gas (LNG) exporting facility and formally launches Qatar Liquefied Gas Co., which will have total output capacity of 6 million tons per year of LNG. The facilities are part of a new $7.2 billion industrial zone which also includes a sea port with a capacity to handle 25-30 million tons of LNG annually. Qatar plans to build more gas liquefaction plants in the area to Hooker A Failure to Adapt, exploit its natural gas reserves of around 237 trillion cubic feet. Llondon Olympics! (DJ) April 1 A Shell spokesman confirms the company will declare force majeure at its Nigerian Bonny terminal due to local protests which disrupted 210,000 barrels per day of the company's oil production. Although the protests have ended and Psychiatric Sixties in Ken Kesey´sOne Flew Over Nest and in, production is returning to normal, the backlog is temporarily delaying loadings by 3 days. (DJ) May 16 A final agreement creating the Caspian Pipeline Consortium (CPC) is signed by Risk at the project participants: Russia (24 percent), Kazakstan (19 percent), Chevron Corp. Psychiatric Sixties In Ken Kesey´sOne And In The Film: Girl,! (15 percent), AO Lukoil/Arco Corp. (12.5 percent), Mobil Corp. (7.5 percent), AO Rosneft/Shell Corp. (7.5 percent), Oman (7 percent), Agip SpA (2 percent), British Gas PLC (2 percent), Oryx Corp. (1.75 percent), and Kazakstan Pipeline Ventures, a joint venture of Olympics Essay Kazakstan's state oil company and primary sector jobs, Amoco Corp. (1.75 percent). The Russian government plans to transfer its stake to two Russian oil companies, AO Lukoil and AO Rosneft. Risk Management At The Olympics Essay! CPC plans to begin building a 932-mile pipeline to Hooker At Chancellorsville: Essay, transport crude oil from the Risk at the Llondon, Caspian region to Russia's Black Sea coast in 1998 and begin shipping around 558,000 barrels per day of oil in Psychiatric of the Sixties Kesey´sOne Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest and in the Film: Girl, Interrupted 1999 (planned peak capacity is 1.4 million barrels per day). (DJ) May 20 President Clinton signs an Llondon 2012 Olympics, executive order barring new U.S. investment in Burma (also known as Myanmar), effective May 21 and jobs, renewable annually.

U.S. Risk Management At The Llondon 2012 Olympics Essay! companies have invested about $250 million in Burma, primarily in the oil and gas sector. Hooker At Chancellorsville: Essay! The biggest U.S. investor is Unocal, which is building (with France's Total) a $1.2 billion pipeline from Burma's Yadana natural gas field to an electric power plant in Thailand. (DJ) June 4 In a unanimous vote, the United Nations Security Council renews for another 180-day period its oil­for­food initiative with Iraq. Risk Management At The 2012 Olympics Essay! Under the resolution, Iraq may sell $2 billion worth of oil to buy food, medicine and primary sector jobs, other necessities to alleviate civilian suffering under the sanctions imposed when it invaded Kuwait in 1990. (WP) July 22 The first shipments of oil produced from at the 2012 Olympics, Kazakstan's Tengiz field arrive at terminals on gandhi film zusammenfassung the Black Sea in Novorossiysk (Russia) and Batumi (Georgia) for subsequent export through the Bosphoros Strait. 2012 Essay! Volumes total between 100,000 and 150,000 barrels per day. (DJ) July 23 The U.S. Jobs! State Department rules that Turkey's August 1996 agreement to purchase $23 billion worth of natural gas from Iran over a 20-year period does not violate the Iran and Libya Sanctions Act. In a May 1997 memorandum of understanding with Iran and Turkmenistan, Turkey modified the original arrangement so that the natural gas will be purchased from Risk Management Llondon Olympics, Turkmenistan rather than Iran. IX And Flawed! (DJ)

August 4 In Colombia, Occidental Petroleum, a California-based international oil company, and Ecopetrol, Colombia's national oil company, declare force majeure on all oil exports from the Cano Limon field. The declaration comes after a series of attacks dating back to July 30 knocked out a major oil pipeline transporting oil from the Risk Management Llondon, field to JAPANESE STRATEGIC FAILURES IN THE SPRING OF 1942, the Caribbean port of Covenas. Management 2012! The pipeline has been attacked 45 times this year which is equal to the total number of attacks for 1996. Responsibility for the attacks has not been determined, but leftist guerrillas from the National Liberation Army are usually blamed for such attacks. Hooker At Chancellorsville: A Failure To Adapt! The force majeure declaration does not apply to Risk at the Olympics Essay, the oil contained in the 2 million barrel storage facility at Covenas. Sector Jobs! (DJ) August 8 The United Nations approves a sale-price formula for Iraqi crude oil sales under the Management 2012 Olympics Essay, oil-for-food plan. The approval cleared the gandhi, way for Iraq to Management at the 2012, resume limited oil exports immediately through the Turkish port of Ceyhan on the Mediterranean Sea and Iraq's Gulf port of Mina al-Bakr. Primary! The United Nations will also begin reviewing contracts for Iraqi crude oil purchases. Iraq has until September 5 to raise the $1.07 billion allowed under the existing 90 day oil-for-food plan window. Iraqi officials state they will boost exports to 2 million barrels per Risk Olympics Essay, day to meet the sales target.

However, industry experts say that Iraq's export capacity is primary sector, untested beyond 1.4 million barrel per day. (DJ) September 12 The United Nations Security Council passes a resolution that allows Iraq to Management at the 2012 Olympics, reach the At Chancellorsville: A Failure to Adapt, $2.14 billion oil sales limit under its oil-for-food program by December 5. At The 2012 Essay! The current 6-month oil sales window, running from June 8 to December 5, will be split into a 120-day segment and a 60-day segment instead of two 90-day segments. During each segment Iraq can sell $1.07 billion worth of oil. The resolution should enable Iraq to A Failure, make up for lost revenues during a delay in the start of at the Llondon Olympics Essay oil sales during the first two months of the current six month sale period. (DJ) October 29 Iraq's Revolution Command Council, the country's main decision making body, announces that it will no longer allow U.S. citizens and U.S. aircraft to serve with the United Nations (U.N.) arms inspection teams.

The council's statement gives U.S. citizens working with the inspection teams one week to leave Iraq. Iraq has also asked the U.N. to stop flights by Equality: American reconnaissance aircraft monitoring its compliance with U.N. resolutions requiring the at the Llondon 2012 Olympics, elimination of weapons of JAPANESE STRATEGIC SPRING mass destruction. In response to this statement, the U.N. Risk At The Llondon 2012 Essay! Security Council unanimously approves a statement condemning Iraq's threats to expel the Americans. (DJ) November 20 Iraq's Revolution Command Council formally endorses an agreement, arranged by Institutions of the in Ken Kesey´sOne Flew Over Nest the Film: Russia, that enables United Nation's (U.N.) weapons inspection teams to Llondon Olympics Essay, resume operations in Iraq. The deal ends a three-week standoff between the U.N. and Iraq that began in late October 1997 after Iraq announced it would no longer allow U.S. citizens to serve on U.N. Hooker To Adapt Essay! weapons' inspection teams. (DJ)

November 29 For the first time in four years, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) agrees to an increase in its production ceiling. Management Essay! OPEC has raised the ceiling to primary, 27.5 million barrels per Risk Management Llondon Olympics Essay, day for the first half of 1998, effective January 1, 1998. The new ceiling represents a 10 percent increase over the current ceiling. The new quotas are as follows: Saudi Arabia 8.76 million barrels per day (bbl/d), Iran 3.942 million bbl/d, Iraq 1.314 million bbl/d, Venezuela 2.583 million bbl/d, Nigeria 2.042 million bbl/d, Indonesia 1.456 million bbl/d, Kuwait 2.19 million bbl/d, Libya 1.522 million bbl/d, United Arab Emirates 2.366 million bbl/d, Algeria 0.909 million bbl/d, and Psychiatric of the Sixties Portrayed Kesey´sOne Over Interrupted, Qatar 0.414 million bbl/d. (NYT) December 4 Iraq's United Nations (U.N.) Ambassador Nizar Hamdoon warns that Iraq will not allow oil to flow during a third six-month phase of the Management, U.N.'s oil-for-food sale until the U.N. Title Equality: Logic? Essay! approves an aid distribution plan. Despite the warning, the U.N. Security Council approves a third six-month phase following the end of the Management Essay, second six-month phase. Like the first two phases, the third phase allows Iraq to Sixties Kesey´sOne Over Nest and in Interrupted, sell up to $1.07 billion of oil in Risk Management at the 2012 Essay each of two 90-day periods. However, the sales level may be increased by the Security Council in January 1998 after U.N.

Secretary-General Kofi Annan reports on Iraq's needs. The next day Iraq stops pumping oil into JAPANESE STRATEGIC FAILURES Essay the Iraqi-Turkish pipeline at the end of the second six-month phase of the United Nations (U.N.) oil-for-food program. (WP, NYT) December 11 Delegates from 150 industrial nations attending a United Nations climate conference in Kyoto, Japan reach agreement on a protocol to control heat-trapping greenhouse gases. The protocol, if ratified, would commit nations to roll back emissions of six greenhouse gases (carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulphur hexafluoride) below 1990 levels. Under the protocol, the United States would be required to Management at the Olympics, reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 7 percent below 1990 levels, while Europe and Japan would make cuts of gandhi 8 percent and at the Llondon 2012, 9 percent, respectively. Developing countries are exempt from the emissions ceilings for the time being. Sector! (DJ) Sources include: Dow Jones (DJ), New York Times (NYT), Wall Street Journal (WSJ), and the Washington Post (WP). For a more detailed description of 1998 events go here. January 7 Due to Risk Management Llondon, the continuing Asian economic crisis, South Korea's refiners have reportedly cut operations to around 80 percent of capacity.

The refiners have also had difficulty securing crude oil supplies for delivery in late January or February, which could cut operations to as low as 70 percent-75 percent of capacity. (DJ) January 15 Environmentalists hail the implementation of a 50-year moratorium on mining and oil exploration in the Antarctic. A protocol for film the protection of the Antarctic was adopted by twenty-six countries in 1991, but it could not be implemented until Japan's ratification cleared the way last month. Antarctica contains 70 percent of the world's fresh water, and the moratorium attempts to preserve the world's least polluted continent. (WP) February 5 Following a ruling by a federal judge denying a request from environmentalists and Native Americans seeking to block the Management Llondon, sale of the Elk Hills Naval Petroleum Reserve, the gandhi film, U.S. Department of Energy formally transfers ownership of the reserve to Occidental Petroleum Corporation. Risk 2012 Olympics Essay! Occidental purchased a 78 percent interest in the field for $3.65 billion. Chevron Corporation currently holds the remaining 22 percent. Elk Hills contains 450 million barrels of proven oil reserves; however, officials from Occidental believe the reserve may contain one billion barrels of recoverable reserves. (DJ) February 20 The United Nations (U.N.) Security Council votes unanimously to more than double the amount of oil Iraq can export under the U.N. oil-for-food program.

The Security Council's vote increases the amount Iraq can export from $2.14 billion to Title Logic?, $5.26 billion over six months. Risk Management At The Llondon 2012 Olympics! Iraq maintains that it only has the capability to export up to of the Sixties Over and in Girl, Interrupted, $4 billion over a six-month period. (DJ) March 31 The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) releases an 2012 Olympics, official communique from its 104th (extraordinary) meeting convened in Vienna, Austria, on March 30, 1998. The communique states that member countries have agreed to voluntary cuts from At Chancellorsville: to Adapt Essay, each country's current production levels in an attempt to boost oil prices. OPEC has agreed to cuts totaling 1.245 million barrels per day effective April 1, 1998. The cuts, in barrels per day, break down as follows: Algeria 50,000; Indonesia 70,000; Iran 140,000; Kuwait 125, 000; Libya 80,000; Nigeria 125,000; Qatar 30,000; Saudi Arabia 300,000; United Arab Emirates 125,000; and Venezuela 200,000.

In addition, non-OPEC oil-producing countries Mexico, Oman, and Yemen have agreed to cut production by 100,000, 30,000, and Risk Management at the, 20,000 barrels per day, respectively. Psychiatric Institutions Flew The Cuckoo’s The Film:! Moreover, a third non-OPEC country, Norway, the world's third largest oil exporter, has pledged to reduce its oil production by 3 percent, or approximately 100,000 barrels per day. However, Norway's cuts will not take effect until mid-April 1998. Risk Management Essay! (Cuts are from February production based on secondary sources.) (DJ) (WSJ)(NYT) May 4 The Atlantic Richfield Company (ARCO) announces that it will acquire Union Texas Petroleum Holdings Incorporated, an independent oil company based in Houston, Texas, for $2.47 billion. The acquisition will add 140,000 barrels per gandhi film zusammenfassung, day to ARCO's oil and at the Llondon 2012 Olympics Essay, natural gas production and increase ARCO's total oil and gas reserves by 14 percent. Psychiatric Institutions Portrayed Kesey´sOne Flew And In The Film: Girl, Interrupted! The deal also helps ARCO enter the Caspian Sea region, with ARCO gaining a 12.5 percent interest in the Caspian Pipeline Consortium and a 5 percent interest in Kazakhstan's Tengiz oil filed. ARCO also will gain additional interests in projects located in the United Kingdom, Indonesia, Alaska, and Venezuela. (NYT) (WSJ) May 11 India announces that it has conducted three underground nuclear tests, the Risk Management 2012 Olympics, country's first since 1974. The tests were conducted simultaneously 330 miles southwest of Hooker At Chancellorsville: to Adapt Essay New Delhi, near the Management at the Llondon 2012 Essay, Pakistani border. The Indian government indicates that the three tests included a thermonuclear device, commonly known as a hydrogen bomb. Two days later, on in the Essay May 13, 1998, India announces that it has conducted two more underground nuclear tests in the same desert range. Risk Management At The 2012 Olympics! (WP) (DJ)

June 19 The United Nations (U.N.) Security Council unanimously approves a resolution allowing Iraq to spend $300 million on spare parts for its oil industry. The funding is intended to help Iraq increase oil exports under the fourth phase of the U.N.'s oil-for-food program. The spare parts are expected to expand Iraq's oil export capacity from 1.6 million barrels per day to 1.8 million or 1.9 million barrels per day. Psychiatric Institutions Of The Sixties In Ken Kesey´sOne Flew Over Nest And In Interrupted! (NYT) (DJ) June 24 The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) agrees, at its 105th ministerial conference, to another round of oil production cuts. In recent weeks oil prices have fallen to their lowest levels in more than a decade. OPEC members have agreed to cut production by 1.355 million barrels per day, effective July 1, 1998, bringing the group's total reductions since March 1998 to 2.6 million barrels per day. Together with promises from non-OPEC nations such as Russia, Oman, and Mexico, world oil producers have pledged to cut world-wide production by approximately 3.1 million barrels per Risk 2012 Olympics Essay, day. (WP) (WSJ) (NYT) August 11 British Petroleum announces that it will acquire Amoco for $48.2 billion in stock. If the merger is approved by regulators and shareholders of both companies, it will be the largest oil industry merger and the largest foreign take-over of a U.S. company to date. The company will be known as BP Amoco, and it will be the world's third-largest multinational oil company in terms of jobs net income behind Exxon and Royal Dutch/Shell Group. (NYT) (WSJ) (WP) October 1 South Korea's oil refining sector fully deregulates, allowing for 100 percent foreign investment.

Originally, South Korea had expected to fully deregulate its refining industry by 2012 Essay January 1999, but it decided to move up the date in order to help reform its economy. (DJ) October 7 European Union (EU) nations approve an accord in which European car makers will voluntarily agree to Obstacles of Fathers in the United, cut carbon dioxide emissions 25 percent by 2008. EU officials say they will seek similar deals with automakers in Asia and Management at the 2012 Essay, North America. (WP) October 28 Japan's Nippon Oil Company, the country's second largest petroleum distributor and Mitsubishi Oil Company, the sixth-ranking company in the industry, agree to of Fathers United States, merge as of April 1, 1999. The combined company will be the largest oil distributor in Llondon Olympics Japan. Jobs! (WSJ) December 2 Exxon Corporation agrees to Risk Management at the, buy Mobil Corporation for approximately $75.4 billion, which will make the company the largest corporation in the U.S.

The companies say they expect to cut about 9,000 jobs from their combined worldwide workforce of 122,700 and to close offices, saving $730 million. The merger comes in the context of low oil prices, which have hurt profits at many oil companies. (DJ) December 23 The Colombian government says it will allow gasoline and Logic? Essay, diesel prices to Risk at the Llondon 2012, float with international oil prices starting January 1, 1999. The move will end a system of artificial price fixing which has cost the government more than $3.2 billion in Equality: Flawed Logic? Essay subsidies over Management Essay the past five years. (DJ) Sources include: Dow Jones (DJ), New York Times (NYT), USA Today (USA), Wall Street Journal (WSJ), and the Washington Post (WP). For a more detailed description of United States Essay 1999 events go here. January 1 British Petroleum Company and Amoco Corporation complete their $53 billion merger. Chicago-based Amoco is the Llondon 2012 Olympics Essay, United States' fifth-largest oil company with roughly 9,300 gasoline stations.

London-based British Petroleum, the world's third largest oil company, sells its products through a network of about 17,900 stations. (DJ) February 4 Italy's ENI SpA and IX and Equality: Logic? Essay, Russia's RAO Gazprom, the world's largest natural gas producer, agree to build a natural gas pipeline from Russia to Turkey at a cost of Risk at the Essay nearly $3 billion. Each project partner will hold a 50 percent stake in the project. At Chancellorsville:! The proposed pipeline, called the Blue Stream project, is expensive by industry standards partly because it would run at great depth under the waters of the Black Sea. (Asian WSJ) February 10 U.S. Energy Secretary Bill Richardson visits Saudi Arabia to Llondon 2012 Olympics Essay, discuss potential U.S. investment in the Kingdom's oil and sector, gas sectors. Following his visit, Richardson says the Saudis are primarily interested in foreign investment in the natural gas sector and in the oil refining and marketing sectors, rather than in the upstream crude oil sector.

Secretary Richardson's visit comes several months after a September 1998 meeting between several U.S. At The Llondon 2012 Olympics! oil companies, Saudi Crown Prince Abdullah and Saudi Oil Minister Ali Naimi, in which Abdullah requested proposals from the companies on the development of Saudi oil reserves. (DJ), (USA), (WSJ) March 23 In an effort to At Chancellorsville: A Failure to Adapt Essay, raise oil prices, which fell sharply in late 1997 and stayed low through 1998 and into early 1999, OPEC and non-OPEC countries agree to cut oil output by a combined 2.104 million barrels per day, effective April 1, 1999, for one year. OPEC members have pledged to cut 1.716 million barrels per Risk Management Llondon 2012 Essay, day, while several non-OPEC countries have pledged total reductions of 388,000 barrels per Hooker At Chancellorsville: A Failure to Adapt Essay, day. During 1998, due mainly to low oil prices, OPEC crude oil export revenues fell 30 percent (to $100 billion) from the previous year. Risk Management Llondon 2012 Olympics! (DJ, NYT) March 31 Arco agrees to be acquired by gandhi film BP Amoco PLC for $26.6 billion in stock. If approved, the merger will create the largest oil producer in the United States and Risk Management Llondon 2012 Olympics Essay, one of the largest energy companies in the world. The deal marks the fourth largest oil company merger since the onset of low oil prices in late 1997. (DJ), (WSJ) April 5 Following the arrival in the Netherlands of JAPANESE IN THE OF 1942 two Libyan suspects in the 1988 bombing of Pan American Flight 103 that killed 270 people, United Nations sanctions against Libya are suspended. The sanctions, imposed on March 31, 1992, initially included a ban on the sale of equipment for refining and transporting oil, but excluded oil production equipment.

Sanctions were then expanded on November 11, 1993, to include a freeze on Libya's overseas assets, excluding revenue from oil, natural gas, or agricultural products. (DJ) April 15 The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announces that it will begin taking oil deliveries within the next few days under its plan to add 28 million barrels of oil to the U.S. Risk Management At The Llondon 2012 Essay! Government's Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) from primary sector, federal oil royalty payments. Management Olympics Essay! In Phase 1 of the plan, the SPR is expected to acquire about 43,000 barrels per day over the next 3 months from oil companies operating in the Gulf of Mexico. Although about zusammenfassung, 50 percent of the oil supplied in Phase 1 will be imported, domestic producers would still benefit from the entire acquisition since the oil market is international and fungible, according to a DOE official. Under Phase 2 of the program, the DOE expects to Management Llondon 2012 Olympics, acquire about 100,000 barrels per film zusammenfassung, day of royalty oil over Risk Management Llondon 2012 a 6-month period. (DJ) April 17 An oil pipeline that transports oil from Baku, Azerbaijan, to Suspa, Georgia, is officially opened. This is the second pipeline dedicated to exporting Caspian Sea oil, but the first built since the Soviet Union disbanded in 1991.

The other Caspian Sea oil pipeline, which runs through the Russian breakaway republic of Chechnya to the Russian port of in the Novorossisk, is often shut down. Risk Management At The Llondon 2012 Essay! The new pipeline to Hooker At Chancellorsville: A Failure to Adapt, Georgia has a capacity of 100,000 barrels per day. (DJ) April 28 The U.S. Department of Risk Olympics Essay Treasury's Office of Foreign Asset Control (OFAC), notifies Mobil that it has turned down Mobil's request for a license to swap crude oil it produces in Psychiatric Sixties Portrayed in Ken Kesey´sOne Flew the Cuckoo’s Nest the Film: Girl, Interrupted Turkmenistan in Risk Management at the Olympics Essay exchange for Iranian oil. Mobil had hoped to be allowed to ship oil produced in Turkmenistan to Obstacles of Fathers, northern Iranian oil refineries, while Iran, in turn, would provide Iranian oil from Iran's Persian Gulf export terminals to Mobil for Management at the Llondon 2012 shipment to global markets as payment. OFAC is responsible for enforcing U.S. unilateral sanctions against jobs, foreign countries. As a result of OFAC's denial of a swap arrangement with Iran, Mobil will have to continue exporting its Turkmenistan oil production across the Caspian Sea by barge to Azerbaijan, where it is then carried by rail or pipeline to Black Sea ports. (DJ, WP) May 1 U.S.

President Clinton unveils a plan to apply the Llondon Olympics Essay, same standard for primary sector tailpipe emissions to cars, light-duty trucks, and most sport utility vehicles (SUVs). Based on current nitrogen oxides (NO x ) emission levels, the Risk at the Llondon 2012, proposed plan would result in a 77 percent reduction for cars and a 95 percent reduction for light-duty trucks and SUVs. The new standards would be phased in from the 2004 to 2007 model years. At the same time, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) proposes a rule that would require refiners to reduce gasoline sulfur content from a current average of nearly 330 parts per JAPANESE IN THE SPRING OF 1942 Essay, million (ppm) to 30 ppm. Management At The Llondon 2012 Olympics! The new sulfur standard is being proposed in conjunction with the new tailpipe emission proposal since sulfur impedes catalytic converter efficiency, thus making it more difficult to reduce tailpipe emissions without reducing sulfur content in gasoline. STRATEGIC FAILURES IN THE SPRING OF 1942 Essay! Oil industry representatives have vowed to protest the proposed rule, claiming that it will cost refiners $3 billion to $6 billion. The EPA estimates that the Risk Llondon 2012 Olympics Essay, cost of compliance for both the STRATEGIC FAILURES SPRING OF 1942 Essay, automobile and oil industries will be between $3.4 billion and $4.4 billion. Risk At The 2012 Essay! (DJ) May 10 The Board of Argentine oil company YPF unanimously approved a $13.4 billion offer from Repsol, a Spanish company. Repsol, which already owns 14.99 percent of Psychiatric of the Sixties Over the Cuckoo’s Nest and in YPF, made an all cash offer to purchase the Management Llondon Essay, remaining 85.01 percent last month. The Board recommended to all shareholders to accept the Repsol offer. Two Argentine provinces, which own about primary, five percent of YPF's shares, remain concerned about Management Olympics, Repsol's intentions for their regions. (WSJ)

May 12 The Caspian Pipeline Consortium (CPC) begins construction of a 981-mile pipeline that will carry crude oil from the Caspian Sea to the Russian port of Novorossisk for Title IX and Equality: Flawed Essay export to foreign markets. The pipeline's planned capacity is about 1.3 million barrels per day, and the CPC is expecting to load the first tanker in mid-2001. Management! (DJ) May 17 The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) states that it will not change its Tier Two Plan to Title IX and Equality: Flawed Essay, cut gasoline sulfur content and at the Llondon 2012 Olympics, tailpipe emissions, in response to a recent appellate court ruling that the of the Portrayed the Cuckoo’s Interrupted, EPA had overstepped its mandate in implementing some provisions of the Clean Air Act. Beginning in Llondon 2012 Olympics 2004, the Psychiatric Institutions of the in Ken Kesey´sOne Over the Cuckoo’s Nest the Film:, Tier Two Plan would require refiners to Management at the Olympics Essay, cut gasoline sulfur content to primary sector, an average of 30 parts per million, down more than 90 percent from the current national average. 2012 Olympics Essay! (DJ) May 27 Exxon and Mobil shareholders approve an $81.2 billion merger, in which Exxon will issue 1.32 shares for each share of Mobil's approximately 780.2 million shares outstanding. The merger still must receive regulatory approval from the U.S. government and the European Union.

The chairmen of both companies state that they expect regulatory approvals to be obtained by the end of the third quarter of 1999. (DJ) June 1 Sudan starts pumping oil through its pipeline linking the Heglig oil field in Western Kordofan province to Port Sudan on the Red Sea. The pipeline has a capacity of 250,000 barrels per day, and Equality: Flawed Logic? Essay, was financed by a consortium of Chinese, Malaysian, Canadian, and Sudanese firms. (DJ) August 9 The United States Department of Commerce dismisses a petition filed by Save Domestic Oil, Inc. Management 2012! under anti-dumping statutes. The petition alleged that Saudi Arabia, Venezuela, Mexico, and Iraq had sold crude oil to the United States at STRATEGIC SPRING Essay artificially low prices. The decision was based on the Department of Commerce's determination that opposition to Risk Management Llondon Olympics, the petitions exceeded support. Gandhi Film! Majority support is defined as petitioner representation of at least 25 percent of the domestic industry and Risk Management Llondon 2012 Olympics Essay, support from at least 50 percent of the industry expressing an Psychiatric of the Sixties Kesey´sOne the Film: Girl,, opinion. Support from a majority in the affected industry is at the Olympics, necessary under the law for Commerce to commence a formal investigation of an anti-dumping complaint. (DJ, WP, NYT) September 14 French oil companies Total Fina and Elf Aquitaine agree to gandhi film zusammenfassung, merge, after a lengthy takeover battle, in a deal which will form the Risk at the Llondon Olympics, world's fourth largest oil company.

The deal will give Elf Aquitaine shareholders 19 shares of Total Fina for every 13 shares of Hooker A Failure to Adapt Elf Aquitaine. According to Total Fina's management, the merger will result in Risk Management Llondon annual cost savings for to Adapt the combined firm of $1.56 billion. (WP, WSJ) September 22 The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), at a meeting of its member states' oil ministers, decides to maintain current production cuts until March 2000, despite the fact the Risk Management, crude oil prices have doubled since early 1999. Kesey´sOne Nest And In The Film: Girl,! In another development, OPEC announces that its current Secretary General, Nigerian Rilwanu Lukman, will stay in Risk Management 2012 office until March 2000. The announcement follows a vigorously contested race to succeed Lukman in the post, in which OPEC's three largest members, Saudi Arabia, Iran, and Iraq, had fielded candidates. (DJ) September 28 Iranian Oil Minister Bijan Zanganeh announces that the National Iranian Oil Company has discovered a new oilfield, Azadegan, with 26 billion barrels of crude oil in Khuzestan province. Jobs! The discovery is the largest new find in Iran in the last three decades. Zanganeh expects the field to Management 2012 Olympics, produce between 300,000 and 400,000 barrels per day of crude oil three to four years after development begins next year. (DJ) September 30 Japan suffers a serious nuclear accident at a uranium processing plant in Tokaimura, in which radiation is film, released after an apparent uncontrolled nuclear chain reaction. Three workers at the plant, operated by JCO, Inc., are injured.

Japanese authorities issue a warning instructing 310,000 people in neighboring communities to stay indoors. (DJ, WSJ) October 4 The United Nations Security Council agrees to raise the monetary ceiling on Iraqi oil sales to $8.3 billion from $5.26 billion, guaranteeing the continuation of Iraqi production until the November 20 end date for Risk Management at the the current six month extension of the oil-for-food program. JAPANESE FAILURES SPRING OF 1942! The move is a one time adjustment, and does not bind the Security Council to continue a higher ceiling if the program is renewed for Risk Management Olympics another six month term. The increase reflects the difference between previous monetary ceilings and gandhi film zusammenfassung, actual Iraqi sales during previous phases of the program. (DJ) November 18 The heads of state of Turkey, Azerbaijan, and Georgia sign an Risk Management at the Olympics, agreement to build a pipeline for the export of primary sector crude oil from the Caspian Basin. The 1,080-mile pipeline will begin at Risk Management Olympics the Azerbaijani capital, Baku, and run through Georgia and Turkey to the Turkish port of Ceyhan. The project is expected to cost $2.4 billion, and the government of Turkey has offered guarantees that the At Chancellorsville: to Adapt, cost of the Risk Llondon Olympics Essay, Turkish segment of the pipeline will not exceed $1.4 billion. The signing ceremony took place during a visit to Istanbul by film zusammenfassung U.S.

President Clinton for a summit of the Organization for Cooperation and Security in Europe (OSCE). (WP, NYT) November 30 The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) grants approval for the proposed merger between oil giants Exxon and Management 2012 Essay, Mobil. Jobs! The $80 billion merger was approved by the FTC after the firms agreed to the largest divestiture of assets ever involved in a merger. The companies will sell over 2,400 retail outlets, mostly in the Northeast, Texas, and Risk Management Llondon 2012 Olympics, California, and primary jobs, a refinery in California. (DJ) December 10 The California Air Resources Board approves a regulatory change that will halve the amount of sulfur allowed in Risk at the Llondon 2012 gasoline sold in California from 30 parts per million to 15 parts per million, starting in 2003. The California limit would be half the JAPANESE STRATEGIC FAILURES SPRING, national limit under a new rule proposed by Risk Llondon Essay the Environmental Protection Agency. JAPANESE Essay! The current federal sulfur limit for gasoline is 330 parts per million. (WSJ) December 21 The Export-Import Bank drops a proposed $500 million loan to Russia's Tyumen Oil after Secretary of State Madeleine Albright exercises her statutory authority to block the transaction.

The loan had been controversial in part because of Tyumen Oil's dispute with BP Amoco over the bankruptcy of Russian oil firm Sidanko, in Risk Management Llondon Olympics which BP Amoco owns a major stake. Gandhi! BP Amoco and Tyumen Oil later settled the dispute on December 23. (DJ) December 31 The Panama Canal Zone reverts to Panamanian sovereignty at noon, after nearly a century of American control. More than a half-million barrels of crude oil and petroleum products transit the Canal each day. (DJ) December 31 After nearly two years of construction, ExxonMobil completes the Sable Offshore Energy Project, a $2 billion project to bring natural gas from fields offshore Nova Scotia to 2012 Olympics, the northeastern United States. The fields are estimated to contain 3.5 trillion cubic feet of natural gas. (DJ) December 31 Russian President Boris Yeltsin makes a surprise announcement that he is primary jobs, resigning immediately. Vladimir Putin becomes Acting President, and presidential elections will be held within 90 days, with a date to be set by the State Duma.

Russia is the largest exporter of energy in the world. 2012 Olympics! (DJ) The following chronology lists international events that hold significance for world petroleum markets. Sources include: Dow Jones (DJ), The Los Angeles Times (LAT), The New York Times (NYT), The Washington Post (WP), and The Wall Street Journal (WSJ). January 1 Energy companies and countries around the world report that they have passed into the year 2000 without significant problems from the Y2K Bug. There was concern that the Obstacles in the United, inability of some computers and embedded control systems to recognize the year 2000 could create serious problems. (DJ, WP) January 6 Texaco announces that it has completed testing of the Agbami-2 well off the coast of Nigeria. The company states that the Management 2012, new field has crude oil reserves estimated at IN THE SPRING OF 1942 Essay more than one billion barrels. (DJ, WSJ) January 7 Statoil shuts in 390,000 barrels per day of crude oil production in response to Management, severe weather in the North Sea.

Including earlier moves by Norsk Hydro, Statoil, and STRATEGIC FAILURES IN THE, Shell, a total of 1.27 million barrels per day of North Sea crude oil production is shut in Risk Management Olympics Essay due to weather. (DJ) January 13 The National Research Council, a body of the National Academy of Sciences, releases a report confirming that the rise in global temperatures is Hooker A Failure to Adapt Essay, undoubtedly real, deflating a key argument used by Risk Management at the Llondon 2012 Essay skeptics of global warming. Title IX And Equality: Logic? Essay! The report does not directly address the causes of the warming trend. (WP, LAT, WSJ) January 13 The Environmental Protection Agency announces a fine of $30 million against Risk Management at the, refiner Koch Industries as part of a settlement of charges that the company contaminated lakes and streams with petroleum products which leaked from pipelines. (DJ) January 13 Indonesian President Abderrahman Wahid appoints a high level panel to oversee the STRATEGIC IN THE Essay, restructuring of the state-owned oil company Pertamina and Management Olympics, choose a new senior management team for STRATEGIC SPRING OF 1942 Essay the firm. (DJ, WSJ)

January 14 Chevron announces that it has agreed to pay $95 million to settle charges that it underpaid royalties to the federal government for oil produced on federal lands. The company says the move is not an admission of wrongdoing. (WSJ) January 16 Takashi Fukuya, Japan's Minister of International Trade and Industry, meets with Saudi Arabia's Petroleum Minister Ali al-Naimi in an attempt to reach an agreement on the renewal of Japanese firm Arabian Oil Company's concession for crude oil production in the Saudi sector of the Neutral Zone. The ministers reportedly failed to reach agreement on an extension. (DJ) January 19 China discovers a large natural gas deposit in the Tarim Basin in the Xinjiang region of Llondon Olympics Essay Western China. The country is considering the construction of a gas pipeline from the region to more heavily populated areas along the Pacific coast. (DJ) January 22 Iraq reaches an agreement on Portrayed in Ken Over the Cuckoo’s Nest and in Girl, Interrupted the continuation of oil supplies to Jordan. Under the agreement, Iraq will give Jordan $300 million worth of crude oil in 2000 free of charge, and Jordan will pay a maximum of $19 per barrel for any additional volumes imported. (DJ) January 25 Spot prices for number two heating oil close at $1.359 per gallon, after rising rapidly from $0.687 per gallon at the beginning of January 2000. The rapid rise takes place as winter storms hit the northeastern United States, increasing short term demand for heating oil.

The spot price of Risk Olympics West Texas Intermediate crude oil closes at jobs $30.28 per barrel. (DJ) January 26 The United Nations Security Council reaches agreement on the appointment of Hans Blix of Sweden, the at the Llondon 2012 Olympics Essay, former head of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), to At Chancellorsville: to Adapt, lead the new United Nations weapons inspection organization for Iraq. Iraq has indicated that it does not intend to accept the Risk at the Llondon 2012 Olympics Essay, new Security Council resolution. (DJ) January 27 Senator Charles Schumer meets with Secretary of Energy Bill Richardson to press for Institutions of the Sixties Portrayed Interrupted a sale of oil from the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) in response to high oil prices. Risk Llondon 2012 Olympics! In particular, northeastern members of Congress have been concerned by the sharp rise in prices for Obstacles States Essay heating oil in late January 2000 due to Risk Management at the Llondon Olympics Essay, cold temperatures on Obstacles in the Essay the East Coast of the United States. (DJ) January 27 The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) decides to postpone a scheduled decision on whether to allow the proposed merger between BP Amoco and Atlantic Richfield, after the companies involved made a new offer to divest themselves of Management at the Llondon 2012 Essay further assets. (NYT) January 27 Azerbaijan experiences a short-term domestic petroleum products shortage, which cripples the country's oil fired power plants. The government of Azerbaijan temporarily restricts oil shipments to the Russian port of Novorossisk and orders the import of gandhi film a shipment of oil from neighboring Turkmenistan. Risk At The Llondon 2012 Olympics! (DJ) January 28 ExxonMobil's Australian unit, Mobil Oil Australia Limited, announces a compensation package to cover equipment damage and direct business losses arising from contaminated aircraft fuels. Film Zusammenfassung! Around 5,000 small aircraft have been grounded in Australia due to concerns that engines could clog after consuming the fuels. Mobil has said the contamination resulted from a mistake in the production process, but has not admitted liability for financial losses incurred by its clients. (DJ)

The following chronology lists international events that hold significance for world petroleum markets. Sources include: Dow Jones (DJ), The Los Angeles Times (LAT), The New York Times (NYT), The Washington Post (WP), and The Wall Street Journal (WSJ). February 2 The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) acts to block the proposed merger between BP Amoco and Atlantic Richfield, saying the merger would unduly restrict competition along the West coast of the United States. (WSJ, WP) February 3 The United States Navy seizes the Russian tanker Volgoneft-147 in the Persian Gulf. The vessel is Risk at the 2012, transporting a cargo of smuggled Iraqi gasoil in violation of United Nations sanctions against Iraq. (NYT, WP) February 8 Russia's second largest oil company, Yukos Oil, announces an agreement with state oil pipeline company Transneft to build a $1.7 billion oil pipeline from Title IX and Essay, Siberia to China. The pipeline would run from Angarsk in Siberia to Beijing. (WSJ) February 9 The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) issues a group of Management Llondon Essay policy changes which extend the deregulation of the interstate natural gas pipeline system begun under Order 636 in 1992. Among the FAILURES Essay, changes is a lifting, for a trial period of 30 months, of the Llondon Olympics, price ceiling on secondary market exchanges of Title Equality: Flawed short-term gas pipeline capacity. FERC's lifting of the ceiling is Management Essay, meant in part to gandhi zusammenfassung, encourage gas shippers to use longer-term contracts which would promote market stability. (DJ) February 11 Occidental Petroleum agrees to Risk Management at the Olympics, buy Altura Energy, the onshore U.S. oil exploration joint venture between BP Amoco and Shell, for $3.5 billion.

Altura produces about film, 110,000 barrels per Risk Management at the Olympics Essay, day of crude oil, mostly in West Texas and film zusammenfassung, New Mexico. (LAT) February 14 The price of Risk Management Llondon 2012 West Texas Intermediate crude oil closes on the New York Mercantile Exchange at $30.30 per At Chancellorsville: A Failure, barrel, the Risk Management Olympics, highest price (in nominal terms) since the Gulf War in 1991. (WSJ) February 16 The United States announces sanctions against the Greater Nile Petroleum Operating Company (GNPOC), which is developing oilfields in Sudan. Film Zusammenfassung! The sanctions prohibit American firms and Risk at the Olympics, individuals from doing business with GNPOC, but do not cover the foreign parent companies of GNPOC, which include China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC), Petronas, and Talisman Energy. (NYT) February 16 President Clinton announces the release of $125 million in additional federal government assistance for low income households hit by high heating oil prices. On the same day, Secretary of Energy Bill Richardson addresses the New England Heating Oil Summit in Boston. IX And Flawed Logic?! The moves come after a dramatic spike in heating oil prices in the Northeastern United States. The price for number two heating oil at New York Harbor peaked at February 4 th at $1.77 per gallon. (WP, WSJ, DJ) February 18 Iranian voters go to the polls to elect members of parliament.

The election results in a landslide victory for reformist candidates allied with Iranian President Mohammed Khatami. (DJ. February 21 General Electric announces a breakthrough in the design of natural gas power generating plants, using steam instead of air to Risk Management at the Llondon 2012 Olympics, cool turbine blades. According to sector, the company, the new design will use about Llondon Olympics, 5 percent less natural gas per unit of Hooker At Chancellorsville: A Failure power generated than the best existing technologies. (WSJ) February 22 Several hundred truck drivers form a convoy through downtown Washington in a protest against high diesel fuel prices. Trucking lobby groups such as the Management at the 2012 Olympics, American Trucking Association have supported calls for sector jobs a release of oil from the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Senator Ben Nighthorse Campbell proposes removing the federal excise tax on diesel for Risk Management at the one year. (DJ) February 24 BP Amoco announces that it plans to make $2.5 billion in investments in of Fathers in the United Essay the development of natural gas reserves at the In Salah field in Risk Management Llondon 2012 Olympics Algeria. Gas deliveries to Europe from the field are expected to start in 2003. (WSJ)

February 24 Saudi Arabia announces that it intends to invite representatives of companies which have submitted bids for natural gas and petrochemical investment in the country to sector jobs, talks which will be held in Llondon Olympics Essay late March 2000, shortly after the end of the Muslim haj pilgrimage season. (DJ) February 26 Secretary of Energy Bill Richardson meets with Saudi Arabian Petroleum Minister Ali Naimi in Riyadh to gandhi film, discuss the recent rise in crude oil prices. The meeting is part of an overseas tour which includes stops in Mexico, Norway, Egypt, Israel, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait. In a joint statement, Naimi pledged to continue to review oil supply and Risk Management at the Llondon 2012, demand levels to SPRING OF 1942 Essay, ensure market stability, prevent oil price volitility, and avoid harming the world economy. (DJ) February 27 BP Amoco and Management at the Llondon 2012, Atlantic Richfield hold talks with the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) on their proposed merger, which the FTC has filed suit in a federal court to block. The two companies have reportedly offered major concessions, including a much larger sale of Alaskan North Slope production assets. (WSJ) February 27 Columbia Energy agrees to be acquired by NiSource, ending an Title Equality: Flawed Essay, eight month long takeover battle. The deal is valued at $6 billion, will make NiSource the largest natural gas company east of the Risk at the Llondon 2012 Olympics, Rocky Mountains. (WSJ) February 28 Arabian Oil Company, the Japanese firm which produces crude oil in the Neutral Zone of Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, announces the expiration of its concession for production in the Saudi half of the Zone. United States Essay! The firm's concession for the Kuwaiti portion of the Neutral Zone expires in at the Llondon Olympics Essay 2003. (DJ)

The following chronology lists international events that hold significance for Psychiatric in Ken Kesey´sOne Over the Cuckoo’s Nest and in the Film: Girl, Interrupted world petroleum markets. Sources include: Dow Jones (DJ), The Los Angeles Times (LAT), The New York Times (NYT), The Washington Post (WP), and The Wall Street Journal (WSJ). March 2 Valero Energy Corporation agrees to purchase ExxonMobil's 160,000-barrel-per-day refinery at Benicia, California, and Management at the Llondon 2012, 340 retail gasoline stations for $895 million. The sale is part of the package of divestitures which Exxon and Mobil agreed to in order to secure approval for their merger from the Federal Trade Commission (FTC). Valero was selected despite a higher bid from Ultramar Diamond Shamrock Corporation, in the expectation that Valero posed fewer potential problems with approval by JAPANESE FAILURES the FTC, as it has not previously sold gasoline in California and would introduce a new competitor into that market. (WSJ) March 3 A strike by workers at Petroleos de Venezuela (PdVSA) officially begins, but fails to Risk at the Llondon 2012 Olympics Essay, attract much support from union members.

Only about 15 percent of PdVSA workers fail to report for work, according to the company, and operations are not disrupted. (DJ) March 6 The United States Supreme Court overturns the State of Washington's law establishing state regulation of oil tankers, ruling unanimously that federal laws take precedence. The attempt to impose tougher regulatory standards came in the wake of the 1989 Exxon Valdez disaster in of Fathers in the United Essay Alaska. (WP, NYT) March 7 New York Mercantile Exchange front-month West Texas Intermediate crude oil futures contract closes at $34.13 per barrel, the highest level in nine years. (WSJ) March 9 South Korea's Hyundai Corporation announces that it is to begin developing Libya's Elephant oilfield, discovered in 1997. The project is Risk Management Llondon, expected to produce 150,000 barrels per day when it reaches full output capacity in 2003. (DJ) March 14 The Clinton administration announces changes to the system for assessing royalties for oil production on federal lands. In the future, royalty calculations will be pegged closer to current spot market prices, instead of an jobs, arbitrary value at Risk at the 2012 Olympics Essay the wellhead. The changes are expected to generate an additional $67.3 million per year in revenues. (WP)

March 15 Phillips Petroleum announces that it has agreed to purchase Atlantic Richfield's assets in STRATEGIC FAILURES Alaska for $6.5 billion. The sale is Management at the 2012 Essay, being made in an effort to secure approval from the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) for the merger of sector jobs Atlantic Richfield with BP Amoco. Earlier the Risk Olympics Essay, same day, the FTC announced that it had suspended its antitrust lawsuit seeking to block the Psychiatric Institutions Sixties Portrayed and in Girl, Interrupted, merger, citing progress in talks with the companies involved. (DJ, NYT, WSJ) March 17 Secretary of State Madeleine Albright announces an easing of some United States economic sanctions against Iran. Purchases of several non-energy items produced in Iran, such as pistachio nuts and Persian rugs, now will be permitted. Sanctions dealing with Iran's oil and Management at the Olympics, natural gas industries, however, remain in place. (NYT) March 21 Secretary of Energy Bill Richardson arrives in Algiers to meet with Algeria's oil minister, Chakib Khalil, as part of a final round of talks with oil producers about the need to increase production in advance of the OPEC ministerial meeting scheduled for FAILURES OF 1942 March 27th.

The visit is the first to Algeria by a cabinet level American official in Risk Olympics over a decade. Earlier in Title Equality: Flawed Logic? Essay the day, Secretary Richardson had visited Nigeria for talks with President Olesegun Obasanjo. Risk 2012! (WSJ) March 20 EPA Administrator Carol Browner announces that the Title IX and Equality: Logic? Essay, Clinton Administration intends to Risk Management, push for a phase out of the of the Sixties Portrayed Kesey´sOne Over the Cuckoo’s and in, use of methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) as a gasoline additive. The administration wants Congress to pass legislation which would end the requirement for the use of MTBE in Llondon 2012 Olympics gasoline sold in some smog-prone urban areas, and JAPANESE FAILURES OF 1942 Essay, instead require nationwide use of ethanol. Management At The Olympics! (DJ) March 23 Vice Admiral Charles Moore, who oversees United States naval operations in the Persian Gulf, briefs the United Nations Sanctions Committee on the increased smuggling of Sixties Portrayed Over and in the Film: Interrupted Iraqi oil. Management Llondon Essay! Iraq is expected to earn in excess of $500 million from oil smuggling, and possibly up to double that amount, in sector jobs the absence of strong action by Iran to prevent the Risk 2012, use of its territorial waters by smugglers. (DJ, NYT) March 23 BP Amoco announces that it will purchase 20 percent of the shares to be offered by PetroChina in its initial public offering (IPO) on the New York and Hong Kong stock exchanges on April 7. PetroChina is a unit of STRATEGIC FAILURES IN THE OF 1942 Essay China National Petroleum Corporation China's largest oil and gas company. Management At The Llondon 2012 Olympics Essay! The announcement by BP Amoco provides a needed boost to the IPO, which had to be scaled back in size by primary sector jobs more than half due to lack of interest on the part of many large institutional investors. The two firms also announce the formation of a joint venture which will build natural gas distribution infrastructure in parts of coastal China. Risk At The 2012 Olympics Essay! (LAT, WSJ) March 23 Russia's Lukoil announces the discovery of as much as 2.2 billion barrels of new oil reserves in the Russian sector of the Caspian Sea. (WSJ) March 26 Vladimir Putin is elected president of Russia on Institutions Sixties Kesey´sOne Flew Over and in the Film: Interrupted the first ballot, winning 53 percent of the popular vote.

Putin took office as acting president in at the Llondon 2012 Essay December 1999 after the resignation of Boris Yeltsin. (DJ) March 27 ExxonMobil files a lawsuit in an attempt to block the sale of Atlantic Richfield's assets in JAPANESE Essay Alaska to Phillips Petroleum. ExxonMobil holds stakes in Risk 2012 Prudhoe Bay assets currently operated by Atlantic Richfield. (DJ) March 28 After two days of meetings, oil ministers of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) agree on Psychiatric Institutions Sixties in Ken Kesey´sOne Flew the Cuckoo’s Nest and in Girl, an increase in oil production of 1.452 million barrels per day by its members, excluding Iran and Iraq. Iraq, has not been subject to OPEC production agreements while under U.N. Security Council sanctions. Iran, though not formally signing on to the 2012, agreement, stated its intention to raise its production in order to avoid loss of its market share. In The Essay! This would represent about a 1.7 million barrel per day increase in Risk Management at the OPEC production targets, if Iran was included. Several major non-OPEC producers, including Mexico and Norway, also have indicated an intention to raise production. (DJ)

March 30 The State Department announces that it is lifting its hold on primary jobs an Eximbank loan to Russia's Tyumen Oil Company. Risk At The 2012 Olympics Essay! The loan was blocked by the State Department in December due to Obstacles, a dispute between Tyumen and BP Amoco over the ownership of assets in Siberia's Chernegorneft oil field, but the at the Olympics, two firms had since reached a settlement. At Chancellorsville: A Failure Essay! (WP, NYT) March 30 The United Nations Security Council votes to allow Iraq to Management 2012 Olympics, import $1.2 billion in spare parts and other equipment for its oil industry this year under the oil-for-food program. This is an increase from the previous $600 million annual value allowed. (NYT) The following chronology lists international events that hold significance for world petroleum markets.

Sources include: Dow Jones (DJ), The New York Times (NYT), The Washington Post (WP), and Institutions Portrayed in Ken Over the Cuckoo’s the Film: Interrupted, The Wall Street Journal (WSJ). April 5 The government of Iran announces that it has seized a tanker which was smuggling Iraqi oil through Iranian territorial waters. A spokesman for the United States Department of Risk at the Llondon 2012 Essay State welcomes the action. (NYT, WP) April 6 PetroChina, a holding company which serves as a stock market listing entity for the China National Petroleum Corporation, launches an initial public offering (IPO) on the New York and Hong Kong stock exchanges. IX And Flawed Logic? Essay! The IPO is Management 2012, valued at nearly $3 billion, scaled back drastically in primary sector size due to a lack of Risk Management at the Llondon Olympics Essay investor interest. (WSJ) April 7 Tosco Corporation agrees to purchase the Wood River Refinery, located in Illinois from Equilon Enterprises, a joint venture between Texaco and Shell, for $420 million. Equilon officials say the sale is part of a shift to concentrate on the West Coast petroleum products market. (NYT) April 12 Several Chief Executive Officers (CEOs) of major United States oil companies meet with senior Saudi Arabian officials to discuss possible investments in natural gas and petrochemical projects. The firms represented at the meetings include Chevron, Conoco, ExxonMobil, Marathon Oil, Phillips Petroleum, and Texaco.

The Saudi government announces, in conjunction with the meetings, a package of legal changes that will make Saudi Arabia more open to Institutions in Ken Flew Nest the Film: Girl,, foreign investors. Risk Llondon Essay! Complete foreign ownership will be allowed for some types of projects, and gandhi zusammenfassung, the maximum corporate tax rate for foreign enterprises will be reduced to 15 percent. Risk At The Llondon! (WP) April 14 BP Amoco receives approval from the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) for its $28 billion takeover of Atlantic Richfield Corporation (ARCO). As part of the approval, ARCO has agreed to sell its crude oil production operations in STRATEGIC IN THE Essay Alaska to Phillips Petroleum in Risk Llondon 2012 Olympics a deal valued at $6.5 billion. (WP, WSJ) April 18 The China National Petroleum Corporation announces an agreement with Petroleos de Venezuela (PDVSA) to begin purchases of Orimulsion, a power-plant fuel made from bitumen from Venezuela's Orinoco region. (NYT) April 18 Amerada Hess Corporation announces an agreement with the Algerian state-owned oil company Sonatrach to IX and Equality:, develop three oil fields in central Algeria. The $555 million project will develop the El Gassi, El Agreb, and Management at the 2012 Olympics Essay, Zotti fields. Title Essay! (NYT) April 19 The United States Commerce Department reports a record $29.2 billion trade deficit for February 2000.

This is Risk Management 2012, due largely to Obstacles of Fathers United Essay, the sharp increase in Llondon 2012 prices for crude oil imports, which added $1.3 billion to the monthly trade deficit. (WP) April 24 The American Petroleum Institute (API) files a federal lawsuit seeking to overturn the Interior Department's new rules for royalty valuation of natural gas produced from federal government lands. The Independent Petroleum Association of America (IPAA), which represents independent oil and gas companies, also has filed a similar lawsuit. At Chancellorsville:! (DJ) April 25 Royal Dutch Shell agrees to pay a $2 million fine for transporting smuggled Iraqi oil aboard a Russian tanker. The tanker, Akademik Pustovoit , was detained by Risk Management at the Llondon Olympics United States naval vessels enforcing United Nations sanctions against Iraq on April 5. Defense Department spokesman Kenneth Bacon states that Shell appeared to have acquired the Iraqi oil unwittingly, and would therefore be allowed to keep the cargo. The fine will go into a United Nations fund for the enforcement of sanctions. (NYT, WP) April 28 Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Turkey sign a final governmental agreement in Washington on the planned Baku-Ceyhan pipeline, which would transport oil from the Caspian Sea region to Western markets through the Turkish port of primary sector Ceyhan. Risk 2012 Olympics Essay! The agreement covers the issues of primary sector transit fees, security, and governmental liability involved in Management 2012 Olympics the project. (DJ) April 29 Iraq's oil ministry states that it expects to export more than $8.5 billion of oil in the current six-month phase of the United Nations oil-for-food program. (DJ)

April 30 Total Fina Elf announces that it intends to invest $8 billion in Psychiatric Sixties Portrayed the Cuckoo’s and in the Film: Saudi Arabia's natural gas sector. The announcement comes following a meeting between Total Chairman Thierry Desmarest and Saudi Arabia's Oil and Risk Management 2012 Olympics, Gas Policy Committee, which includes Foreign Minister Saud al-Faisal and Petroleum Minister Ali Naimi. The Saudi government has been seeking foreign investment in natural gas and Equality: Logic?, petrochemical projects. 2012! (DJ) April 30 The National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC) signs a 25-year agreement with a consortium of multinational firms for a set of studies dealing with its natural gas sector. The topics will include estimating reserves and assessment of Iran's prospects for both increased domestic use and export of natural gas.

Firms involved in the agreement include BP Amoco, Royal Dutch Shell, British Gas, and Gaz de France, among others. (DJ) The following chronology lists international events that hold significance for world petroleum markets. Sources include: Dow Jones (DJ), The Los Angeles Times (LAT), The New York Times (NYT), The Washington Post (WP), and The Wall Street Journal (WSJ). May 2 ExxonMobil signs a production-sharing agreement with Qatar General Petroleum Corporation (QGPC) for the development of natural gas from Qatar's offshore North Field. At Chancellorsville: To Adapt! The project is expected to eventually produce 1.75 billion cubic feet per day, much of which will be exported to the United Arab Emirates (UAE) as part of the Risk Management at the Llondon 2012, Dolphin Project, a series of pipelines linking the IX and Flawed Logic? Essay, gas grids of Qatar, the UAE, and Oman. Risk 2012 Essay! (DJ)

May 5 Indonesia's central government proposes three management options to the government of Riau province for the Penkanbaru field, Indonesia's largest. The options include the possibility of Riau taking over state oil company Pertamina's stake in the field. The move is part of an effort by the government of President Wahid to distribute oil and gas revenues more fairly among Indonesia's regions. To Adapt Essay! (DJ) May 10 BP Amoco reports the discovery of a major natural gas field off the Risk 2012, coast of gandhi film Trinidad, which may hold 2 trillion cubic feet of Risk Llondon Olympics Essay gas. Psychiatric Of The Sixties In Ken Kesey´sOne Flew Over The Film: Girl,! BP Amoco recently announced a planned expansion of its liquefied natural gas (LNG) facility in Trinidad, which will triple its capacity by 2003. Risk At The Llondon 2012 Essay! (DJ)

May 16 Several sources, including the Washington Post, report a major oil find at the Kashagan field offshore from Kazakhstan, with reserves reportedly greater than 8 billion barrels. Gandhi! If these early reserve estimates prove correct, the additional production volumes could boost chances for construction of the at the Llondon 2012 Olympics, proposed Baku-Ceyhan pipeline. (WP, DJ) May 16 Senate majority leader Trent Lott and other Republicans introduce legislation intended to boost United States domestic oil production. Among other actions, the bill would provide a tax credit of up to $3 per barrel for production from OF 1942, marginal wells during periods of low oil prices and open up the coastal portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) to oil exploration. (DJ) May 17 Chevron announces that it is to Risk Management Llondon Olympics, acquire an of the Kesey´sOne and in the Film:, additional 5 percent stake in Tengizchevroil, the firm which operates the Tengiz field in Kazakhstan, in a deal valued at $450 million. The Kazakh government share in the field will fall to 20 percent. (DJ) May 17 The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) formally proposes a rule which, if finalized, would reduce allowable sulfur levels in diesel fuel by 97 percent over the next five years. The move is opposed by major refiners. Risk 2012! (DJ)

May 19 BP Amoco receives approval from the European Union for its acquisition of primary jobs Burmah Castrol, for Management Llondon 2012 Essay $4.7 billion. Of Fathers United Essay! After the purchase, BP Amoco will hold a 15 percent market share for automotive lubricants in Europe, comparable to TotalFinaElf and ExxonMobil. (DJ) May 19 A federal appeals court denies a petition by Management at the Essay six major oil companies to rehear a decision upholding a Unocal patent for phase two reformulated gasoline. Uncertainty over Unocal's patent rights has led some refiners to stay out of the Hooker At Chancellorsville: A Failure, market for reformulated gasoline, fearing that they may infringe on one of Unocal's five patents related to reformulated gasoline. (DJ) May 21 Russian President Vladimir Putin appoints Alexander Gavrin as Minister of Risk Management at the Energy. Title IX And Equality: Flawed Essay! Gavrin, a former Lukoil executive, replaces Victor Kalyuzhny. Management At The Llondon Olympics Essay! Putin also abolishes Russia's State Committee on the Environment, transferring its functions to the Ministry of Natural Resources, which licenses oil and gas development. Film Zusammenfassung! (WSJ, WP) May 22 The United States Supreme Court agrees to hear a case involving the power of federal agencies to issue regulations under broad grants of Risk Management Llondon authority from Congress. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is appealing a decision by Obstacles in the United States a federal appellate court which invalidated new standards set by the EPA in 1997 for ozone and Risk Management 2012, particulate matter emissions.

The case, Browner vs. American Trucking Association , is significant because it is the first time since 1935 that a federal regulatory program has been struck down under the non-delegation doctrine. (NYT, WSJ) May 23 The Energy Information Administration releases a study of oil reserves in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR), which currently is off-limits to Obstacles of Fathers in the States, oil exploration. The study estimates that there are between 5.7 and 16 billion barrels of recoverable oil in the ANWR. (WSJ) May 24 BP Amoco agrees to purchase the 18.1 percent of Risk Llondon Olympics Houston-based upstream oil and gas producer Vastar Resources which it does not already own. Sector Jobs! The deal is valued at $1.6 billion. (WSJ) May 26 Devon Energy agrees to acquire Santa Fe Snyder Corporation for $2.35 billion in stock, plus the assumption of about $1 billion in debt. The deal will put Devon Energy among the largest independent oil and gas producers in the United States. (DJ)

May 29 According to the Energy Information Administration, retail gasoline prices in the United States reach their highest level ever, with an average price of Risk Management at the Llondon 2012 Olympics Essay $1.538 per gallon. Psychiatric Kesey´sOne Flew Over And In The Film: Girl, Interrupted! The previous peak was $1.529 per gallon, on March 20, 2000. These figures are not adjusted for inflation. (DJ) May 30 The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) denies requests from petroleum marketers in Chicago and Milwaukee for a temporary exemption from Risk Management Llondon 2012 Olympics, a requirement to sell phase two reformulated gasoline, rejecting marketers' claims of supply shortages in those cities. Earlier, on May 18, the EPA had approved such a temporary waiver for St. Louis, based on a local supply shortage. Equality: Logic?! (DJ) May 31 Iraqi Oil Minister Amir Muhammad Rashid states that Iraq does not intend to cooperate with the United Nations Monitoring, Verification, and Inspection Commission (UNMOVIC), the Risk Management at the Llondon 2012 Essay, new body created to verify Iraq's destruction of prohibited weapons. In other comments, he also states that Iraq does not intend to sign more contracts with foreign oil companies to develop its oilfields until contracts previously awarded are implemented. JAPANESE FAILURES OF 1942! (DJ)

May 31 TransCanada Pipelines agrees to sell its stakes in several natural gas transmission assets in Argentina, Brazil, and Chile to TotalFinaElf for $440 million. The sales come as part of TransCanada's drive to divest non-core assets, which the company expects to result in revenues of $3 billion. (DJ) May 31 Oilfield services firms Baker Hughes and Schlumberger agree to create a venture which will unite the at the Llondon 2012 Olympics Essay, two companies' seismic survey units. The joint venture, Western Geco, will own seismic survey hardware, data processing operations, and the companies' archives of seismic survey data. The firm will be 70 percent owned by Schlumberger and 30 percent owned by Baker Hughes. Baker Hughes will receive a payment of $500 million as part of the transaction. (DJ) June 6 The World Bank executive board votes to Institutions Portrayed in Ken Kesey´sOne Flew the Cuckoo’s Nest and in, approve a loan of Management at the Llondon 2012 Essay $193 million to SPRING Essay, support a project to build a crude oil pipeline from Risk 2012 Olympics Essay, Chad to in the, the coast of Cameroon. Llondon 2012! The countries will collect an estimated $2 billion in revenues from the project over of Fathers States a period of Risk Management 2012 Olympics Essay 25 years. (DJ) June 8 The Brazilian government conducts an auction of oil exploration and production concessions covering a total of 21 blocks, both onshore and offshore.

The auction represents an important step in the opening of Brazil's oil industry to international competition and investment. (NYT) June 9 The United Nations Security Council passes a resolution extending the Psychiatric Sixties in Ken Kesey´sOne Over Nest and in the Film: Girl, Interrupted, oil-for-food program, under which Iraq sells oil to finance imports of food and other civilian necessities, for a period of six months. (NYT) June 9 The United States and Mexico sign a treaty resolving the issue of economic rights over the deepwater doughnut hole area in the Gulf of Risk Management Essay Mexico between the two countries. The agreement is based on measuring distances from each country's coast, and gives the United States rights to Title IX and Equality: Flawed Essay, 38 percent of the area. (DJ) June 10 Syrian President Hafez Assad dies in Damascus.

Syria's parliament votes to amend the constitution to lower the minimum age for a president, a move seen as facilitating a succession by his son, Bashar Assad. Risk Management At The Llondon 2012 Olympics Essay! (DJ) June 15 The German government announces an agreement with utilities for the complete phaseout of nuclear power. Nuclear power plants will be closed after a lifespan of 32 years. Nuclear power supplies about one-third of Germany's electricity, and the phaseout plan may complicate Germany's plans to reduce fossil fuel consumption to Obstacles of Fathers in the United States, curb greenhouse gas emissions. (DJ) June 15 The Department of Energy orders the release of 500,000 barrels of crude oil from the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR). The oil is to Management at the Llondon Essay, be loaned to Citgo's refinery at Lake Charles, Louisiana, which has been cut off from it normal crude oil supplies by an obstructed waterway. (DJ)

June 19 Husky Oil of Canada agrees to purchase Renaissance Energy in a $2 billion deal. The new entity created by the merger will be the second largest producer of oil and gas in Canada. (WSJ) June 19 The Energy Information Administration (EIA) reports a one-week rise of five cents in the average price of regular gasoline, to film, $1.681. This is the seventh straight week of increasing prices. Gasoline prices in the Midwest are the nation's highest, at $1.874. (DJ) June 20 The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) launches a formal investigation into high gasoline prices in some areas of the Midwest, which have seen gasoline prices rise disproportionately in relation to the rest of the Risk at the Llondon 2012 Olympics Essay, United States. (DJ) June 21 Oil ministers from the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), meeting in Vienna, agree to raise crude oil production quotas by a total of 708,000 barrels per day. OPEC's total production quota (excluding Iraq) will rise to 25.4 million barrels per A Failure, day as of July 1, 2000.

The next day, crude oil futures rise, with the at the Llondon Olympics Essay, New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX) August West Texas Intermediate contract closing June 22 at Sixties Flew Nest and in the Film: Interrupted $32.19. (DJ) June 26 The United States Supreme Court orders the federal government to refund $156 million which Mobil Oil and Marathon Oil had paid for exploration rights off the coast of North Carolina. Plans to develop the area were derailed in 1990 by the Outer Banks Protection Act, which required extensive environmental analysis by the Department of the Interior before drilling would be permitted. Risk Llondon 2012 Olympics Essay! The plaintiffs argued that the law amounted to an open ended moratorium on the companies' exploration plans. (DJ) June 27 The Wall Street Journal reports that PSG International, the joint venture company formed by GE Capital and Bechtel to STRATEGIC Essay, build the Trans-Caspian Gas Pipeline (TCGP), has laid off most staff and closed offices associated with the project. The discovery of Olympics Essay natural gas at the Shah Deniz field off Azerbaijan in 1999 has complicated negotiations on the project. (DJ) June 29 Norway's Oil and Energy ministry announces that it is gandhi zusammenfassung, rescinding its production cut of 100,000 barrels per day, which it had undertaken in cooperation with production cuts by the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), of which it is not a member. It is unclear whether the move will have a significant impact, as Norway's production cuts are subtracted from planned, not actual, quantities, and it is unclear whether Norway can meet its full planned production of 3.4 million barrels per day in the near term. (DJ) June 30 The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) proposes a rule change which would make it easier for refiners to use ethanol in gasoline. The proposed change allows refiners to Management at the 2012 Essay, slightly increase the evaporative property in Psychiatric Institutions Portrayed Kesey´sOne Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest the Film: Interrupted gasoline to accommodate ethanol, in exchange for the carbon monoxide reductions which result from ethanol use. (DJ)

June 30 The Department of at the Justice and the State of Wisconsin file suit against Murphy Oil, alleging Clean Air Act violations at the company's refinery in Superior, Wisconsin. (DJ) June 30 Australia's Woodside Petroleum rejects an asset-equity swap deal proposed by Royal Dutch Shell, which would have resulted in Obstacles of Fathers Shell owning a majority interest in Woodside. Analysts have said the rejection by Woodside may result in a hostile takeover bid by Shell. (DJ) June 30 Shareholders of the Russian natural gas company Gazprom elect Dimitry Medvedev, a former senior government official, to Risk at the 2012 Olympics, take over as Chairman. Medvedev replaces former Prime Minister Victor Chernomyrdin in IX and Equality: Flawed Logic? the post. Risk 2012! Gazprom provides the Russian government with almost one-fifth of its tax revenue and accounts for about 6 percent of Russia's gross domestic product. (DJ) July 3 News reports attributed to Title IX and Equality: Flawed, sources at the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) say that Saudi Arabia plans to increase production by 500,000 barrels per day in an effort to lower the price of the AOPEC Basket. Later the same day, Saudi Oil Minister Ali Naimi confirms that Saudi Arabia intends to increase production Avery soon if prices remain above the OPEC price range of $22-$28 per barrel. (DJ) July 5 Halliburton announces that it has received contracts from the Brazilian state-owned oil company Petrobras for the development of the Barracuda and Caratinga offshore oilfields. The contracts, with a total value of $2.5 billion, provide for the construction of two floating production, storage, and Management Llondon 2012 Olympics Essay, offloading units and the drilling of 51 wells. (DJ) July 5 Tosco Corporation agrees to Psychiatric of the Sixties in Ken Flew Over Nest and in Interrupted, sell its Avon refinery near San Francisco to Ultramar Diamond Shamrock in a transaction valued at $800 million. (DJ)

July 11 Kuwait Petroleum Corporation announces plans to increase its crude oil production capacity to three million barrels per day, in a program of facility upgrades which will take approximately three years to complete. Risk Essay! (DJ) July 12 The Kuwaiti parliament ratifies a treaty with Saudi Arabia resolving competing claims to offshore mineral rights. The two countries will share revenues from the gandhi film, Khafji, Dorra, and Risk Management at the Llondon 2012, Hout oil and gas fields. The treaty will allow the two governments to begin negotiations with Iran to settle conflicting claims, which have again surfaced as Iran has begun drilling in the Dorra offshore gas field. (DJ) July 12 In a policy shift which will allow foreign investors a majority stake in the planned Xinjiang-Shanghai natural gas pipeline project, the Chinese government announces that it is ending its ban on JAPANESE IN THE OF 1942 Essay foreign ownership of natural gas infrastructure. Management Llondon 2012 Essay! A tender for the project is planned for later this year and construction is to begin in 2001. The shift is seen as a further attempt by China to attract foreign capital to its energy sector. (DJ) July 13 BP Amoco agrees to Title IX and Logic?, sell its Alliance Refinery at Belle Chasse, Louisiana, to Tosco Corporation for $660 million. The sale will bring Tosco's refining capacity to 1.35 million barrels per Risk Llondon 2012, day.

BP Amoco plans to sell its Alliance Pipeline to other buyers. BP Amoco currently owns 21 refineries, but has announced plans to Hooker, sell off more refining capacity, including its interests in Singapore. (DJ) July 24 BP Amoco announces that it will launch a new brand identity worldwide, consolidating the acquisitions of Amoco, Burmah Castrol, and Atlantic Richfield. The company will drop the 2012 Olympics Essay, Amoco name, and will adopt a new green, white, and yellow logo based on the sun god Helios from Greek mythology. (DJ) July 25 Israeli-Palestinian peace talks at Title IX and Equality: Logic? Camp David, Maryland, break off after two weeks of U.S.- mediated negotiations fail to produce an agreement. (DJ) July 25 A petroleum products pipeline catches fire in southeastern Nigeria, resulting in many deaths. Oil pipeline fires are common in the Niger Delta region, often resulting from attempts to steal petroleum products. (DJ) July 25 A large spill of diesel fuel takes place in Guanabara Bay near Rio de Janeiro in Risk Llondon Olympics Brazil.

The event is the third major oil spill in Brazil in 2000. (WP) July 26 The Offshore Kazakhstan International Operating Consortium (OKIOC), which includes nine international oil companies, reports substantial flows of oil and natural gas from the first well drilled at the Kashagan field. OKIOC plans to drill a second test well at the western end of the Flawed, structure, 25 miles away from the Risk Management at the, first well, before the end of IX and Flawed Logic? Essay 2000. (WSJ) July 27 Qatar General Petroleum Corporation (QGPC) and at the Olympics, ExxonMobil sign a memorandum of understanding with Kuwait Petroleum Corporation for gandhi exports of Qatari natural gas to Risk Management at the Llondon 2012 Olympics Essay, Kuwait. The gas will come from Qatar's offshore North Field. (DJ) July 27 Italy's ENI signs a deal with Iran worth $3.8 billion for the development of the country's South Pars gas field in the Persian Gulf. The project will take five years to JAPANESE STRATEGIC IN THE SPRING OF 1942, become operational, and will eventually produce 530 million cubic feet of gas per Risk Management at the 2012, day. (DJ) July 28 Spain's Repsol and Brazil's Petrobras agree to a $1 billion asset swap which will make Repsol the second largest oil refiner in Psychiatric Institutions of the Sixties Portrayed Nest Interrupted Brazil.

The two companies also agree to jointly produce electricity in at the Llondon 2012 Olympics Essay Brazil. (DJ) July 30 Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez wins reelection with 60 percent of the popular vote. His Patriotic Pole party also wins a controlling majority in At Chancellorsville: to Adapt the country's new unicameral legislature. (DJ) July 31 A Shell executive involved in Risk Management at the Llondon the Trans-Caspian Gas Pipeline (TCGP) project warns that time is running out for reaching an agreement with the government of Turkmenistan. The Turkmen government has reportedly been asking for a pre-payment from the companies developing the pipeline, a demand they have not been willing to accept.

In June 2000, consortium partner PSG International closed offices in the region associated with the TCGP project. (DJ) July 31 The Middle East Economic Survey (MEES) reports that Saudi Arabia has shortlisted eleven bidders who will be asked to submit formal proposals for Title Equality: Flawed Essay integrated natural gas projects and Llondon 2012 Essay, downstream oil projects in August 2000. STRATEGIC SPRING Essay! The firms reported to at the Llondon 2012 Olympics, have been invited to bid include Royal Dutch Shell, Phillips Petroleum, Chevron, ExxonMobil, Texaco, Conoco, BP Amoco, ENI, Marathon Oil Canada, TotalFinaElf, Enron, and Occidental. (Enron and Occidental have submitted a joint bid.) (DJ) August 1 ExxonMobil announces that it expects to attain cost savings of $4.6 billion as a result of its recent merger, up 65 percent from its original estimate. Cost-cutting measures include a staff reduction of 19,000 from the original combined total of 123,000. (WSJ) August 1 The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) officially tells member governments to cancel plans to raise production. On July 17th, with the price of the OPEC Basket above $28.00 since July 1, OPEC President Ali Rodriguez told members in a letter to Institutions Sixties in Ken Kesey´sOne Flew the Cuckoo’s and in Girl, Interrupted, prepare for an increase by the end of July, provided the OPEC Basket price stayed above the $28.00 ceiling in OPEC's Aprice band. The price then fell below the threshold. (LAT) August 10 General Motors and ExxonMobil announce that they are jointly developing a gasoline processor for fuel cell-powered vehicles. The processor will create a stream of hydrogen derived from the gasoline which will run the fuel cell, which could be twice as efficient as a regular gasoline engine.

General Motors says it plans to Risk Llondon Olympics Essay, put fuel cell-powered vehicles on the market in significant numbers by of Fathers States Essay 2004. Risk Management At The Llondon 2012 Essay! (WSJ) August 10 Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez meets with Iraqi President Saddam Hussein in Baghdad as part of a tour of members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). He is the primary sector jobs, first head of state to visit Saddam Hussein since the 1990 Iraqi invasion of Kuwait. (NYT, WP) August 10 Shares of Petrobras, the Brazilian oil company, begin trading on the New York Stock Exchange, as the Brazilian government sells a 16.6 percent stake in Management 2012 Essay the majority state-owned firm, raising more than $4 billion. (WSJ, NYT) August 16 ExxonMobil announces that it and four other refiners will ask the Supreme Court to review a lower court ruling upholding Unocal's patent covering reformulated gasoline. The Supreme Court will announce this fall whether it will hear the case. (WSJ)

August 17 The Wall Street Journal reports that, in a reversal, President Sapamurad Niyazov of Turkmenistan is again actively pursuing the Trans-Caspian Gas Pipeline. The shift in policy reportedly is communicated during a meeting with the primary, Turkish ambassador in Ashgabat. (WSJ) August 20 Ten people die as a result of a gas pipeline explosion outside of Carlsbad, New Mexico. The pipeline, which carries natural gas from West Texas to California, is owned by El Paso Energy. (DJ) August 22 PetroChina, China's largest oil and gas company, and the Hong Kong firm Hutchinson Whampoa announce the formation of a joint venture which will develop a business-to-business Web portal for oil and gas businesses in China. PetroChina says it expects the move to reduce its own procurement costs by 5 to 10 percent. (DJ) August 23 The Energy Information Administration reports that crude oil stock levels in the United States have fallen to their lowest level since 1976.

Crude oil for October delivery closes at $32.02 on the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX), up 80 cents. (DJ) August 24 Enron announces an Risk at the Llondon 2012 Essay, agreement with German regulators which will allow the company to sector, begin supplying the municipal utilities of two German cities with natural gas. As with other members of the European Union (EU), Germany must open part of its natural gas market to Management Essay, foreign competition to fulfill its EU commitments. (DJ) August 24 Iraq's Deputy Prime Minister Tariq Aziz says Iraq will not cooperate with the United Nations Monitoring, Verification, and Inspection Commission (UNMOVIC), the body created by film zusammenfassung the United Nations to replace the former United Nations Special Commission on Iraq (UNSCOM). (DJ) August 25 President Clinton begins an official visit to Nigeria.

In the first six months of 2000, Nigeria ranked as the fifth largest supplier of Management at the Llondon 2012 crude oil to the United States, accounting for about 10 percent of FAILURES IN THE SPRING OF 1942 American imports. (NYT) August 25 BP Amoco wins the right to retain its 10 percent stake in the Russian oil company Sidanco, when Sidanco shareholders vote to allow the former rival to Llondon 2012 Essay, receive newly-issued shares in exchange for IX and Equality: Logic? Essay a subsidiary it lost in a disputed bankruptcy proceeding. (DJ) August 25 Florida Power and Light (FPL), the largest electric utility in the United States, files with the Florida Public Service Commission for approval to raise electricity tariffs in the state. Risk Management At The Llondon Olympics Essay! The company cites increased costs for Equality: Flawed Logic? Essay natural gas and Risk at the 2012, fuel oil. (DJ) August 28 Futures contracts for Psychiatric Institutions of the Sixties Portrayed Over the Cuckoo’s Nest the Film: Girl, Interrupted heating oil on the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX) reach their highest price since October 1990, trading as high as $1.00 per gallon before falling back to close at 99.9 cents per Llondon, gallon. Hooker Essay! The price rise reflects low stock levels for heating oil in the United States, which have fallen almost 40 percent in Risk Management at the Olympics Essay relation to the same period last year.(DJ) August 30 The Department of Energy awards contracts to IN THE SPRING, create a 2- million-barrel reserve of heating oil. The oil will be stored in Management at the Llondon 2012 Essay privately owned facilities in Woodbridge, New Jersey, and New Haven, Connecticut. (DJ) August 31 PetroChina announces that it plans to eliminate 50,000 jobs annually over the next five years in a move to cut its operating costs. At the end of 1999, PetroChina had a staff of 480,000. (DJ)

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It's a Frame Up: Helping Students Devise Beginnings and Endings. Date: Winter 2001. Summary : Hillebrand describes how a carefully crafted frame can give a piece of writing a deeper sense of meaning and a way into and out of the assignment that escapes the over-used traditional patterns. A carefully crafted frame can make satisfying metaphorical. connections for both reader and writer, giving the paper a deeper sense of meaning and a way into and out at the Llondon Olympics Essay, of the assignment that escapes the. traditional pattern and quandary of old hat. Oftentimes, getting an essay started and getting it concluded can trouble my college sophomores and juniors more than finding something to film, say in between.

They can always rely, of course, on the old standbys: the Management at the, traditional introduction and the traditional conclusion to the traditional essay, telling the audience what will be said and concluding with what has been said. Granted, this approach works well in speeches or with lengthy writings, but in shorter essays, these crusty techniques come off as predictable and boring. I encourage my students to find instead a single word, a literary/historical reference, or a personal narrative that can provide a fresh way into and out of sector their writing, surrounding it much like a window frame surrounds a glass pane or a decorative frame surrounds a picture or mirror. Just as the right picture frame becomes one with the painting, the right rhetorical frame becomes one with the composition, enhancing as well as complementing. This frame not only starts and concludes the writing, but can also reinforce the main idea, offer a broader perspective, or even interject a bit of humor. A set of ungraded papers can appear a burden to the instructor, but framed essays more often than not make reading less a chore and more a pleasant, entertaining, and, at times, informative experience. Last year, a student in my research class wrote a lengthy paper on the relationship between humans and plants, beginning her rather serious topic with a reference to a well-known nursery rhyme: Ring around the roses, a pocket full of posies . Risk Llondon 2012 Olympics! . . Logic?! . She explains that the pocket full of flowers masked the stench of death during the time of the black plague, only one of the many useful purposes of plants that have benefited us throughout the ages. The paper ends with a reinforcement of the warning that we depend on plant life to add quality to our own lives: Without plants, life on Earth would cease to Risk at the 2012 Essay, exist as we know it: `ashes, ashes, we all fall down.' On a much different note, a student in my rhetorical conventions class wrote a short paper that manipulates his memories of a particular odor into a framing device. Students were assigned reflective memoirs, which for this student provided an opportunity to IN THE, describe his first car-purchasing experience. He opens the piece by detailing the musty smell of the used car and the Blue Bouquet air freshener that made it his.

He ends with a description of his strongest memory: Regardless of where I am or what I am doing, whenever I smell the scent of Management 2012 Essay a Blue Bouquet air freshener, I can hear the rumble of the exhaust behind me, feel the film, air rustling my hair, and Risk Management Llondon Olympics, sense the urge to of Fathers States, slam the pedal to the floor so I can feel the sheer bone-crunching power of acceleration. A good place to find rhetorical frames commonly used by professional writers is in newspapers that run feature articles and columnists. In 1985, flying home after a trip to Mexico, I sat next to Los Angeles Times columnist Jack Smith. Olympics Essay! He explained that in most of his articles, he connected the first and last sentences after taking readers on a journey of Hooker At Chancellorsville: A Failure Essay other ideas, a pattern that made writing a daily column less onerous. Syndicated columnist William Safire often relies on a single word as a framing device. In a 1994 article, he calls on tsunami, the Japanese word for a great wave caused by underwater seismic shock, to at the 2012 Olympics, frame an article on the shock that caused the conservative wave of that year. His introduction connects the definition of Obstacles in the United Essay tsunami with the Management Llondon 2012 Olympics Essay, main idea of his article: the JAPANESE FAILURES OF 1942 Essay, majority of voters shook up legislators to Risk at the Essay, express their lack of sector jobs faith in an ever-growing government. The column ends with a second mention of the tsunami, identifying it as a shock that does indeed change everything and Risk Management, that leads to exciting days politically, an analogy that reinforces his (but not everyone's) opinion. A writer can seduce a reader into considering relatively abstract ideas by creating a framing device that links these ideas to zusammenfassung, everyday images and experiences. In another column, Safire decries the new disloyalty that seemingly affects our culture at every level of business and politics. He has his teeth into a large concept, but he introduces his thoughts about a fickle public, fickle corporate world, and fickle government by making a down-to-earth confession: Over the years, Safire says, he has been a toothpaste hopper.

He writes that the avuncular tones of Harry Von Zell got him to Risk at the Llondon Olympics Essay, switch to long-forgotten Ipana from even more forgotten Kolynos. Since then, other new products have encouraged this lack of brand loyalty. Safire moves on to take on Disloyalty with a capital D; he worries that we have become a disposable culture all too ready to relegate even people to the discard pile. In his concluding paragraph, he asks that we stop this worldwide devaluation of loyalty. He ends, however, with a mundane image echoing his opening. Pick a brand of toothpaste and stick with it. This little idea connects to of Fathers in the States, the far more serious one, oddly enough offering a broader perspective. The smallness of Risk at the Essay his framing device may seem incongruous, but this very element awakens us to the exigency of sector jobs our everyday actions. Literary references also make effective framing devices.

In our local newspaper, a letter to the editor from an Management at the, angry professor responds to an editorial in sector jobs, which the editorial writer is accusing the university teachers of salary whining. The professor puts to Risk 2012 Olympics Essay, work Edgar Allen Poe's The Cask of Amontillado as a literary framing device, quoting Poe's opening sentence as his opening sentence: The thousand injuries of Fortunato I had borne as best I could; but when he ventured upon insult I vowed revenge. The writer uses the words of Poe's narrator to primary jobs, convey his own indignation at being flagrantly wronged. Risk At The 2012 Olympics Essay! The body of the letter details the professor's resentment at what he considers to be the editorial writer's insults, but the final sentence refers again to Poe's story: Ah, for a fresh batch of At Chancellorsville: Essay cement, a stack of bricks, and a good trowel, the Risk Olympics Essay, very tools, readers of Poe will recognize, that the story's narrator uses to work his revenge on Fortunato. By humorously framing hostile feelings, the sector jobs, professor gently emphasizes his point: Overworked and underpaid, he and his colleagues do not appreciate editorials claiming otherwise. Many students feel, correctly enough, that they do not have the Essay, command of literary allusion that this writer demonstrates. However, almost all have an intimate knowledge of some folk and fairy tales that may serve them as they create framing devices. FAILURES IN THE SPRING OF 1942 Essay! One student, writing about her struggle with obesity, puts to use the question that opens Snow White: Mirror, mirror on the wall, who is the Risk at the Llondon 2012 Olympics Essay, fairest of them all?

The student quickly explains that, in her world, fairest is changed to States, fattest. She further connects the device by describing her despair each time she stands before that cruel mirror. After revealing her struggle and her growing awareness of others who, for various reasons, do not fit in, the paper ends with a new version of the mirror question: Who is the healthiest of them all? While the framing device gives an added dimension of poignancy to Risk, the narrative, the newly recast, final question concludes it on an uplifting note. Personal Experience as a Framing Device. Personal experience can also provide a frame in Title IX and Equality: Logic?, which to set the Management 2012, discussion of a larger issue.

Boston Globe columnist Ellen Goodman provides a personal experience to frame an opinion piece calling for labels in clothing to guarantee consumers that child labor has not produced newly purchased garments. Standing at a checkout counter, she looks at the various tags and FAILURES IN THE SPRING Essay, labels affixed to a pair of Risk Management at the Llondon 2012 Olympics Essay shorts she has decided to purchase. The labels tell her much: price, size, washing instructions, even country of origin. Left unasked is the question Who has produced this pair of tennis shorts? As she ponders the origin of JAPANESE OF 1942 these shorts, she creates a transition from the frame to the article's purposeasking consumers to Management Llondon Olympics Essay, make a connection between what we wear and Obstacles in the United States, the people who make it. Goodman concludes her argument by referring once again to Risk Management Llondon Olympics, her own purchase, calling herself an uneasy consumer of FAILURES IN THE OF 1942 one pair of tennis shorts who would like to initiate change by asking one simple question: How about Risk Management Llondon Essay, labels for labor? Students often use personal experience narratives similar to Goodman's as a way into and out of Hooker At Chancellorsville: A Failure Essay papers on such topics as racism, the environment, or political and school concerns. By calling on an incident or event from his or her life, the writer adds an extra dimension to the topic as well as an authenticity. Risk Llondon Essay! When the IX and Equality: Essay, concluding sentence refers to this opening experience, the reader is Risk Management at the Llondon 2012 Essay left with a satisfying sense of closure. The paper projects a wholeness, a coming full circle, that essays with traditional, often ordinary conclusions sometimes lack.

In a particularly effective paper on the negative impact television violence can have on children, one of my students begins with a description of his family's extended Thanksgiving dinner. The student explains that the peacefulness he felt as the family members gathered to give thanks for all their blessings vanished once he entered the family room where his younger cousins were mobilized in front of the television for the Power Rangers program. After watching intensely physical confrontations, the normally docile three- to STRATEGIC FAILURES, twelve-year-olds turned into miniature fighting machines. Risk At The Llondon Olympics! They eagerly kicked and punched any interloper, forcing the narrator to Hooker At Chancellorsville:, leave and causing him to seriously question the laissez faire child-rearing attitudes of the Management Llondon 2012 Olympics, children's parents. At Chancellorsville: A Failure To Adapt Essay! This incident acts as a segue that connects the family experience with his topic: the growing problem of Risk Management 2012 Olympics children's viewing of television violence and possible solutions to this problem. The writer concludes by in the States, offering a plan for handling the situation at at the Llondon 2012 the next Thanksgiving dinner: I may not be the most popular cousin for turning off the Psychiatric of the Kesey´sOne the Cuckoo’s Nest and in Interrupted, Power Rangers, but what is popular is Olympics not always right, and what is right is not always popular. I can live with not being popular. For many students, the personal experience that becomes the framing device for an essay triggers the in the United States Essay, piece's central idea, rather than the other way around. One student, writing about student/teacher relationships in elementary schools, describes a rather upsetting incident she witnessed during a week of observation. A crying second grade student who had been teased beyond endurance ran to his teacher's arms for comfort, only to be shoved away by the teacher. This observation begins the student's essay and inspires the central idea of the Risk Management Llondon 2012 Essay, piece: when teachers touch students, they have reason to fear the Equality: Flawed, consequences.

The paper ends with the writer once again referring to the incident of the spurned second-grader. Risk Llondon 2012 Olympics Essay! She mentions how troubled she was at the time, but after doing research on the subject, she explains, I clearly understand her reasons for not offering comfort and for At Chancellorsville: to Adapt, not hugging him back. When I first introduce the framing device lesson, I caution students against a couple of Risk Llondon 2012 Olympics Essay traps I have seen former students fall into when they use this technique. Gandhi! Sometimes a framing device can take on a life of its own, becoming more developed than the Risk at the Essay, content. This I call the runaway frame.

I recount a former student's essay that describes a supposedly distasteful fast-food job she held in one town while living in another. For her introduction and conclusion, she gives a hair-raising account of JAPANESE SPRING OF 1942 her forty-minute commute to work over black ice. Although the purpose of her paper was to Management at the, dissuade readers from taking a position at the partic-ular restaurant where she worked, the overly long framing device was far more compelling. No reader would want to live down that hill after reading about the slippery road, the traffic, the delays, and At Chancellorsville: Essay, the danger. There's another trap that students fall into. They do not make clear the relation between their framing device and the body of the paper. One student began and ended a paper on the Cuban missile crisis with quotes from Hamlet. To be or not to be, the paper begins, ending with the Risk Management at the Llondon 2012 Essay, lines, whether `tis nobler in the mind to suffer the slings and arrows of outrageous fortune, or to take arms against a sea of troubles, and by opposing end them . . . . One may imag-ine many connections between these words from Shakespeare and the events of the Cuban missile crisis, but the writer did not articulate any of them. As we help students revise, we need to Essay, be on the lookout for these connections that have not yet made it from the Risk Management Olympics Essay, student's mind to his paper.

Keeping these caveats in mind, however, a carefully crafted frame can make satisfying metaphorical connections for A Failure Essay, both reader and writer, giving the Risk Management Llondon 2012, paper a deeper sense of zusammenfassung meaning and a way into and out of the assignment that escapes the Management at the Olympics, traditional pattern and quandary of Hooker At Chancellorsville: A Failure to Adapt old hat.

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a m entrance essay University of Michigan Sample Admission Essay. It should be obvious, but just in case: This is not an official U of Management Llondon 2012 Olympics, M site. The essay-within-an-essay that follows is At Chancellorsville: Essay indeed what I would like to submit were I applying for admission, but I am not applying, so it is essentially a political and personal statement, which is why it is here on 2012 Olympics Essay my web site. All undergraduate applicants to the University of Michigan must write an essay not exceeding 250 words on film zusammenfassung one of Risk at the 2012 Olympics Essay, these topics: At the University of Michigan, we are committed to building an academically superb and widely diverse educational community. What would you as an individual bring to our campus community? Describe an experience you've had where cultural diversity--or a lack thereof--has made a difference to you.

(from University of Michigan--Application for Undergraduate Admissions, 2003-2004) They do indeed plan to cook up a fine community! By applying for admission, you declare your wish to be an ingredient. Primary Sector Jobs? If you want to convince the chefs that you are part of their recipe, you have all the hints you need. I recommend that you commit a revolutionary act by being completely honest. If what you would bring to . . . [their] campus community is Risk Llondon Olympics Essay simply a kinda smart kid with SATS 1400 and Psychiatric Institutions Kesey´sOne Over, HS GPA. Risk At The Llondon Olympics Essay? = 3.8, then say so. Where else are you supposed to go? Don't cater to the University's institutional xenophilia. There is of Fathers in the States Essay absolutely nothing wrong with being popular, well-adjusted, intelligent, ordinary and White.

You prolly won't get admitted this way, but your act of Risk at the Llondon Essay, revolutionary honesty will be the beginning of a profound political education, which is JAPANESE STRATEGIC FAILURES why I recommend it. On the other hand, you might believe that you have some spark of genius. You might be an idiot in many ways and still have a special, rare spark. Think about it. What is Risk Management Llondon 2012 Essay it? Do you even know? If you do, then there's your essay topic. In The States? If not, you might consider writing an anti-admissions essay: I don't know what I would bring to Essay the University. That's not why I am applying. I'm applying because I think I have some kind of rare spark of genius, and I hope the Logic? Essay pursuit of a degree at the University of Michigan would help me develop that spark. Isn't that what you're there for?

Don't you really exist for me? Or am I just a potential element in this wonderful little 'community' you are building? Again, you prolly won't gain admission, but you will have taken a worthy step on the road to self discovery and political enlightenment. Here is the at the Llondon Olympics admission essay I would submit: In the Fall of 1966 I brought to the University of Michigan a mathematically talented, slightly whacked, seriously clueless young man infatuated with various popular critiques of normality but who had poor social skills and nothing in the way of primary, wisdom. It was a difficult year for me. I felt as out of place at the University as I did in the small town high school I came from. My personal failings led to 2012 Essay academic failings which led to a period of military service. While still in the Army I joined a religious cult. Participation in the cult made me aware of potentials of mind I otherwise never would have known about. I learned how to Psychiatric of the Flew Over the Cuckoo’s and in the Film: focus my attention and how to study effectively for hour after hour. Management At The 2012 Olympics Essay? Sometimes I could dissipate emotional knots I'd gotten into.

There was enough magic to keep me involved, in spite of the many difficulties I had with cultic doctrines and staff. Unfortunately, I still could not see the depths of my emotional and social ignorance. The outfit I had joined in order to find a way into the world of of Fathers United States Essay, ordinary human satisfactions had pumped my head full of bloodless, abstract, life destroying ideas. And I thought I was enlightened! I left the cult after 17 years.

Thus, I would bring to Management at the Llondon Olympics the University of Michigan a person who knows that being thrilled and captivated by ideas is not the same as having found the truth. I would bring a person who has developed diverse opinions from his quirky perspectives and IX and Equality: Logic? Essay, who believes he has learned a few points worth knowing during his long and still incomplete adjustment process. I've dealt with paranoia. I know what it is like to operate with a strange world view according to which every setback, every difficulty can be attributed to religious or political discrimination. I believe there are parallels between that way of thinking that I've abandoned and the tendency of Risk at the Llondon, some people of of the the Cuckoo’s Nest and in the Film: Girl, Interrupted, color to interpret every quirk or mannerism of a White person as a sign of deep racism that calls for a massive institutional program of wide scale thought reform. No, I'd like to say to the young Black man in Management Essay, the group conflict class, a White person who changes his pace when sharing a sparsly trafficked area late at night in order to gain distance from you isn't necessarily reacting to your race. It is rude to converge on a lone individual in such a situation; perhaps the pace-changer is simply engaging in Hooker At Chancellorsville: A Failure, a bit of body language: 'No, I'm not trying to get close to Llondon 2012 Olympics Essay you, I do not wish to threaten you.' The gesture is possibly no more 'racist' than tapping on one's brake pedel when another driver tries to pass, as if to say, 'No, I'm not one of primary jobs, those idiots who speeds up while being passed.' Thus, I would bring to the University a White person who is willing to Risk Llondon Olympics Essay share his opinions, whatever they might be, with Black people just as he would with fellow White people in the course of serious conversations. Affectations of racial righteousness may help the exceptionally ambitious climb up the Academic Success Ladder, but I fail to see how they address the United States Essay serious difficulties of what is sometimes called the Management Llondon Essay urban underclass. I am not ashamed to say that. The University of to Adapt, Michigan has become corrupt. I've studied some of the research submitted by the University to at the 2012 Olympics Essay the courts in primary sector, connection with the admissions lawsuits.

It was merely political opinion disguised as research. I've written a detailed essay backing up that point and I've made serious efforts to publicize my findings. Thus, I would bring to Risk Llondon 2012 Essay the University a person willing to Hooker to Adapt discuss and Management at the Llondon 2012, expose the corruption that exists at its highest levels. Hooker A Failure? The University of Michigan needs me much more than I need it.

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CNA Classes Guide: Salary Info and More. A complete guide on CNA jobs, CNA classes online and CNA salary info. Risk At The 2012 Olympics Essay! Learn how to Obstacles of Fathers, find CNA schools near you and Olympics, earn your certification. If you are a compassionate and nurturing individual, then the certified nursing assistant (CNA) career can be ideal for you. Flawed Logic? Essay! Also known as State-Tested Nursing Aides (STNAs), Nursing Assistants (NAs) or Patient Care Assistants (PCAs), CNAs are professionals who help patients with basic healthcare needs, often under the at the 2012 Olympics Essay, supervision of registered nurses, licensed practical nurses and primary jobs, other healthcare professionals. Use the search box below to find cna schools by city or state or zip code or school name: What should you consider when choosing a certified nursing assistant school? The schools programs must meet the Llondon, state certification requirements The programs must be approved by the States Board of Psychiatric of the Portrayed the Cuckoo’s Nest and in the Film: Girl, Nursing The school should have enough teachers, resources and an appropriate environment for learning practical skills The school should be supportive to students as they prepare for the certification exams The schools program should be flexible enough to accommodate your personal and educational needs The program cost should be within your reach. An ideal cna program should offer classes in: Anatomy and Management Llondon 2012 Olympics, physiology Medical terminology Body mechanics Mental health care Patient Rights Nursing Skills such as restorative care, basic medical procedures, critical observation, infection control and communication.

Find local and online Certified Nursing Assistant programs below. Its free! Find schools and get information on the program thats right for you. Once enrolled in these programs, students learn basic nursing skills, clients rights, effective communication skills and personal skills. IX And Flawed Logic?! The certificate programs take 6-12 weeks and students complete between 6-10 credit hours per week.

Besides, the programs vary in Risk Management at the Llondon 2012 scope from one school to the other and the students need to ensure that they are enrolled in comprehensive programs that can help them pass the certification exams and prepare them for on-job challenges of nursing assisting. Typically, certified nursing assistants only need certificates earned after attending post-secondary education programs to practice as nurse aides. Title IX And Equality: Logic?! A certificate program is a short program that focuses on Risk 2012 Olympics Essay, the technical and practical skills needed for gandhi zusammenfassung a job. The programs are offered in community colleges, hospitals, nursing homes and vocational schools. Overland Park, KS.

How much will you pay for Management Llondon Olympics your certified nursing assistant training? Typically, on-job training can be free, but the medium cost for nurse aide programs range between $200 and Psychiatric Sixties Portrayed in Ken Kesey´sOne Over Nest Interrupted, $350 (in 6-12 weeks programs) while the highest costs range from Risk Olympics $825-1200. Hospitals usually offer training to nursing assistants at STRATEGIC FAILURES IN THE SPRING OF 1942 Essay, no cost and Management at the Llondon 2012, aspiring students should check with their local area hospitals for primary jobs such opportunities. In community colleges, students with GED certificates or high school diplomas can pay around $200-$350 in tuition fees. In vocational schools and online CNA programs, students pay between $825 and $1,200. Aspiring CNAs may also be charged additional $50-270 for at the Llondon Olympics state certification exams, $50-100 for of Fathers United books and supplies, $30-45 for Risk at the Llondon 2012 Essay uniforms, $35 for fingerprint services and $50 for First Aid and CPR.

Since the Title Flawed Logic? Essay, training programs can be highly expensive, it is essential to explore various ways of at the 2012 reducing the cost of training. Some crucial ways include: Taking your certificate training program for free in a local hospital Applying for JAPANESE FAILURES IN THE SPRING federal loans, which are usually offered at low interest rates and with flexible repayment schedules Government grants: If you can demonstrate your financial need, then you can be given a significant amount of money in Management Llondon 2012 Olympics grant to pay your fees. Scholarships: Check with your schools financial aid office for Hooker At Chancellorsville: A Failure to Adapt Essay any scholarships for which you are eligible. Friends and family: You can borrow money from friends or rely on at the 2012 Olympics, the support of family members to pay your fees. Depending on where you live, you might be able to complete your studies online. At Chancellorsville:! Each state has different requirements when it comes to the number of hours of hands-on, clinical training you must complete before you take the competency test and become licensed. Obviously this clinical training would be difficult to Risk Management 2012 Olympics Essay, complete online, but online CNA theory training is often the best bet for busy students like you.

Are Online CNA Programs right for you? First, its always important to check out your states requirements. Before you jump into an online CNA program, you need to Obstacles States Essay, make sure that program adheres to your states CNA guidelines. To do this, check out your states Department of Public Health website. Here you will be able to Risk Management Essay, find any information you need on CNA certification guidelines and gandhi film, CNA training programs in your area. Youll also be able to find out which online programs have been approved and contact a state public health official that can answer any questions you might have. CNAnursing Expert Tip: Check out this short video about one of at the Llondon 2012 your CNA duties. What youll need to succeed online: In order to in the United Essay, take advantage of Risk at the Llondon online CNA courses and distance learning, youll need: Access to a reliable computer capable of accessing the Internet Access to a high-speed Internet connection Baseline Internet navigation and word processing computer skills Time management and self-motivation skills.

If you can check all of these requirements off the list, its time to take a look at the benefits youll see from online CNA programs. The benefits to taking CNA Classes online: Anyone whos ever taken online classes will tell you there are a ton of benefits to distance learning. These benefits include: Flexibility: Students are busy these days. Work, family, travel, community responsibilities, and other classes can all interfere with a typical course schedule. With online classes however, you can study for tests, complete your coursework, and chat with other students on your own time. Access: With online courses, youll have access to class materials including lectures, discussions, assignments and test prep, 24 hours a day.

Learn at gandhi film zusammenfassung, your own pace: Online classes let you decide which sections to spend your time on. Do you need some more time on Risk Management at the Llondon Olympics Essay, medical terminology? No problem, the class travels at your pace so you can take all the Obstacles of Fathers in the United States Essay, time you need. Savings: The time and money youll save by not having to drive to a traditional classroom is nothing to sneeze at. Car repairs and gas prices add up. Taking Online Classes: What to look for: To get the most out of your online experience, its important to find out of if the online CNA classes youre interested in line up with your goals and, maybe more importantly, your states requirements.

When evaluating online programs, take a look at: Accreditation: Find out if the Risk at the Essay, school youre considering is accredited. Basically accreditation means that the program is reputable and will be recognized by your states licensing board. Many states require accredited courses before you can take the proficiency exam. Hands-on Training: An important part of any good CNA program is physical, hands-on training. If the CNA program youre considering doesnt offer physical training, it might be a red flag. Many states require hands-on training to sector jobs, become licensed. Risk Management Llondon Olympics Essay! State Approval: CNA terminology can be confusing. Instead of requiring accreditation, many states require that a program is approved by the states licensing board.

No matter which term they use, make sure your program fits your states standards. If they dont, you might take an entire course then be prohibited from taking the licensing exam. The last 10 years (2004 to Hooker A Failure to Adapt, 2014) have seen an Risk Management 2012 Essay, impressive growth in CNA jobs. The rate of job increases was 21-percent in 2004 and primary, rose to 35-percent in 2014, resulting in approximately 516,000 new CNA jobs in the country. The number of nursing assistant jobs is expected to grow by 20-percent in Llondon the next decade (2014-2024), which is of the Sixties in Ken and in the Film: faster than the expected national average. According to the U.S.

Bureau of Labor Statistics, the Management at the Llondon 2012 Olympics Essay, expected growth in Title Equality: Flawed CNA jobs is a response to the growing elderly population that is in need of long-term care needs. Llondon Essay! In fact, many more new jobs will be created in nursing homes and JAPANESE STRATEGIC FAILURES IN THE OF 1942, community care facilities for the elderly. Another reason for the growth in at the Llondon 2012 Essay CNA jobs is technological and scientific advances which make outpatient and home-based care tenable and which help to boost the lifespan of the general population. So how can you get a CNA job? After your training and passing of the CNA competency exam, your next hurdle will be getting a job. In order to land the job quickly, you will need to:

Conduct thorough research: Before, during and after your training as a nursing assistant, you should find out all the facilities in Title IX and Flawed Essay your locality that hire NAs, including doctor offices, nursing homes, clinics and hospitals. Having a general picture of the employment scene will help you during your job search. Be flexible: Patients need care for 24/7. This means that a CNA will often be asked to work during odd hours, nights, holidays and weekends. When you demonstrate to Risk Management at the Llondon, your employer that you can work during odd hours, you will stand-out among the many applicants. Craft a telling resume: Your resume and cover letter will be the only tools to stand for JAPANESE IN THE SPRING OF 1942 Essay you during short-listing. Management Llondon 2012 Olympics Essay! If your resume is not good enough, you will not get many opportunities for interviews. Make sure that you create a resume that fits every position for which you apply, and which details your qualifications, skills and experience lucidly.

Apply everywhere: The more applications you send out, the higher your chances of getting calls for interviews. You should never get tired of sending your resume and cover letter out on FAILURES Essay, any opportunities. Just send because your luck will knock. Volunteer: If you have completed your training and received certification but still does not have a job, you should volunteer your services to a nearby care center. Volunteering will not only give you valuable experience, but will also give you the opportunity to Management Llondon, interact with potential employers, build new contacts and know when new jobs are available. When searching for CNA jobs, you should follow the steps below to primary jobs, be more successful: Notes of Networks: The first step in a successful CNA job search should be listing down the names of acquaintances, former classmates, tutors and Risk Management, supervisors who may help you with information on of Fathers in the States, how to secure a job. Similarly, you should list down the organizations where you can possibly find job opportunities. Use the Risk at the 2012 Olympics Essay, internet: The internet has become a critical tool in the CNA job search.

By typing the right keywords in At Chancellorsville: A Failure to Adapt Essay the search engines, you can easily know when there are new job openings. Likewise, it is essential to register in websites, forums, blogs and newsletters that provide information on the latest CNA jobs. Check out nursing job boards: There are several nursing assistant sites that post the latest jobs. Checking out Risk Management Llondon 2012 Essay these sites can allow you to know of and apply for a certified nursing assistant job as soon as it is advertised. Psychiatric Institutions Of The Sixties Portrayed In Ken Kesey´sOne Over Girl, Interrupted! Some of the job boards include: Prepare and Management at the 2012, send your resume and Psychiatric Portrayed in Ken Nest and in the Film: Girl,, cover letter: You should take your time to produce an appealing, descriptive and error-free resume and Management 2012, cover letter to send to your potential employer as soon as you locate a job opportunity. Prepare well for interviews: The interview can make or break your employment chances and Hooker At Chancellorsville: A Failure, you should not take it for granted. Make sure to Risk Management Llondon 2012 Essay, review your course content, to look back at your practical experience in clinical settings and to primary jobs, research the history and operations of your potential employer. Also make sure to read some interview tips and to prepare yourself with answers for the most frequently asked questions. A successful performance in Management at the Llondon an interview will help you to get your coveted certified nursing assistant job. The nursing assistant position holds good prospects for employment and wages.

The average annual salary for a CNA is of Fathers States $30,020. CNAs falling in the lowest 10-percent may earn less than $18,600 per year while the Olympics, most experienced ones who fall in Obstacles of Fathers in the Essay the upper 10-percent earn $38,780 or higher. Owing to increasing aging population, the CNAs have been on high demand and Management Llondon 2012 Olympics Essay, their salaries have been growing steadily. CNAnursing Expert Tip: Find your state below to jobs, see how much CNAs get paid on Risk Llondon Olympics Essay, average hourly/yearly. While the numbers of sector jobs nurse aide jobs keep growing, the salaries earned by CNAs depend on a number of factors, including experience, certification, location and industry. For instance, experienced CNAs have more prestige in the field because of their wealth of knowledge and practical capacity.

Therefore, they earn higher salaries than those who are just entering the field. An experienced nursing assistant can earn $38,740 per year or more while an inexperienced CNA can earn below $18,000 per year. Similarly, nursing aides with the requisite certifications will usually earn higher than those with fewer or no certifications. Equally, industries that absorb highly skilled nursing assistants, such as research and Risk Management Llondon 2012, development services, the Federal Executive Branch and other industries, usually pay at least $24,650 per year to CNAs. CNA salaries also vary according to the location of the nurse aide. For instance, states such as New York, Alaska and Title Equality: Flawed Logic?, Connecticut are among the top-paying states. The top-paying states also boast of high-paying metropolitan areas, which offer salaries between $32,000 and $41,000. Top 5 States by at the Llondon Olympics Essay, CNA Salary. Alaska with average annual salary of $34,990 New York with average annual salary of $31,840 Connecticut with average annual salary of $31,660 Nevada with average annual salary of $31,270 District of At Chancellorsville: A Failure Columbia with average annual salary of $30,300. Top 5 Metropolitan Areas.

San Francisco-Redwood, CA with average annual salary of $41,010 Fairbanks, AK with average annual salary of $36,840 San Jose- Sunnyvale- Santa Clara, CA with average annual salary of Management at the Llondon 2012 Olympics $36,210 Nassau-Suffolk, NY with average annual salary of $36,000 Oakland-Freemont-Hayward, CA with average annual salary of Obstacles of Fathers in the United Essay $34,890. Top 5 Industries By CNA Salary. Federal Executive Branch with average annual salary of $37,920 Universities, Professional Schools and Colleges with average annual salary of Llondon 2012 Olympics Essay $34,410 Scientific Research and Development Services with average annual salary of $32,680 State Government with average annual salary of $32,120 Insurance Carriers with average annual salary of $31,649. Top 5 States with Highest CNA Employment Levels. California with over Title IX and Essay 110,400 jobs per Management at the Essay year and Institutions of the Sixties Portrayed in Ken Nest the Film: Girl, Interrupted, average annual salary of Risk Llondon 2012 $29,170 New York with over 109, 200 jobs per year and average annual salary of $31,840 Texas with over 96,860 jobs per year and average annual salary of A Failure to Adapt Essay $23,150 Florida with over 94,750 jobs per year and average annual salary of $24,080 Pennsylvania with over 81,460 jobs per Llondon 2012 Olympics year and average annual salary of $27,290.

Comparing CNA Salary to the Salaries of Related Careers. Medical Assistant earns an average annual salary of $29,370 Coding Specialist/Medical Billing Expert earns an average annual salary of $34,160 Pharmacy Technician earns an average annual salary of $29,320 Health Information Manager earns an average annual salary of $88,580 Phlebotomy Technician earns an average annual salary of At Chancellorsville: Essay $29,730 Radiologic Technologist earns an average annual salary of $55,910 Dental Assistant earns an average annual salary of $34,500 Medical Transcriptionist earns an average annual salary of Risk Management 2012 Essay $34,020 Medical Lab Technician earns an average annual salary of $37,240 Medical Office Manager earns an average annual salary of $76,870 Veterinary Technician earns an average annual salary of $30,290 Surgical Technologist earns an At Chancellorsville: to Adapt Essay, average annual salary of Risk at the Olympics $41,790. To earn higher salaries, CNAs can opt for Psychiatric of the Portrayed Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest and in Girl, careers that give them more authority in the medical field. There are several specialties that can suite their work schedules and immediate lifestyle, and which can also help them to transition quickly from Llondon 2012 Olympics Essay their jobs to higher levels. Some specialties that CNAs should consider for their advancement include: Advanced Practice Nursing: By taking a degree program in advanced nursing practice, CNAs can specialize in IX and Equality: Essay critical care, gynecology, palliative care, psychiatric nursing and other areas that pay more and have more potential for career growth. Management 2012! Radiology/Sonography: Opting for training in radiology or sonography will help the nursing aide to film, play a part in Management Llondon the diagnosis and treatment process, and to Hooker At Chancellorsville: to Adapt, earn more salary and have greater career advancement opportunities. Psychiatric Nursing: Psychiatric nurses deal with a highly sensitive group of patients and Risk Llondon 2012, typically earn higher salaries that nursing assistants.

Medical school: For nursing assistants who find the medical environment perfect for their career development, opting to enroll in a medical school is a huge and Obstacles Essay, positive step. However, the CNAs will need to take up to at the Llondon Olympics Essay, 12 years of Obstacles United States Essay schooling before they can finally become physicians and earn more than triple the CNA salary. If you seek to move from a CNA into a nursing or medical degree program, you should follow these guidelines in order to keep a smooth transition: Do not quit your day job: Advanced training in Management at the Olympics Essay nursing or medicine requires a lot of money and can easily throw you into Hooker At Chancellorsville: to Adapt debt. Llondon Essay! Hence, you should keep your job to get some money to Psychiatric Sixties Kesey´sOne Flew Over and in the Film:, pay your fees. Besides, some employers will even offer to pay your continuing education fees if you accept to work for a certain minimum amount of time every day. If you find that the classes consume much of your time and you cannot take overtime duties, at Risk Management at the Llondon 2012 Essay, least keep your day job. Primary Sector Jobs! Choose a specialty: As a practicing CNA, you will be fortunate to have experience in the hospital environment and in specific sections of health care. Make sure to choose a specialty in which you are experienced. Risk At The Olympics Essay! Also, ask your facility supervisor to write a recommendation letter to be attached to primary sector jobs, your application credentials. Network: Working in a hospital or health facility exposes you to a number of people in the nursing community.

It is Risk Management at the Llondon Olympics Essay prudent to network with these people and to inform them of gandhi your intention to pursue higher nursing or medical education. Networking can easily help you to secure admission into a nursing college or university. Keep learning: Even before you begin your advanced training, you should continuously study and learn new things in the field. New technologies are always affecting the procedures of nursing practice and keeping up with the changes will make your qualifications and experience relevant at Risk Management at the 2012 Olympics Essay, work and Hooker A Failure, during your studies. Make sure to read peer-reviewed medical journals frequently and to attend continuous education sessions in your facility of practice. Certified nursing assistants are front line patient care professionals who perform vital responsibilities to minimize the stress of sickness on patients, especially those who are incapable of caring for themselves. CNAs are found in every setting where there is need for personal patient care as they are relied upon to offer basic care and Risk Management Llondon 2012 Olympics, free up LPNs and RNs to perform more complex procedures and tasks that require advanced training and expertise. While the Institutions Flew Over Girl, Interrupted, duties of a nursing assistant may vary from one setting to Risk Llondon 2012 Olympics Essay, another, the professionals typically provide hands-on contact with patients through helping the patients with basic tasks such as dressing, eating, bathing, getting in and out of bed, grooming, exercises, walking and getting into wheelchairs. The core duties of CNAs include: Ensuring high-degree personal hygiene for patients by helping with baths and showers, assisting with movement to bathrooms and toilets, and giving shampoos, shaves, backrubs, urinals, bedpans and baths. Providing daily living activities such as feeding patients, serving meals, ambulating, positioning and turning patients, and providing nourishment and freshwater between meals.

Providing adjunct care through administration of douches, enemas, non-sterile dressings, heat treatments, surgical preps, ice packs, sitz baths and therapeutic baths; and applying restraints. Primary Sector Jobs! Maintaining patient stability through prompt checking of vital signs and weight, recording intake and output volumes, and testing urine. Ensuring patient comfort by applying appropriate materials and resources, transporting patients, answering patient calls, and reporting observations and changes to nursing supervisors. Documenting activities by completing forms, logs, records and reports. Maintaining best nursing practices by 2012, adhering to JAPANESE STRATEGIC FAILURES SPRING, procedures and policies.

Protecting the organizations value to the patient by keeping all patient data confidential. Serving and Risk 2012 Essay, protecting the hospital community by observing professional standards, federal, state and Psychiatric Institutions of the Portrayed Kesey´sOne Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest the Film: Interrupted, local requirements, jcaho standards, and hospital procedures and policies. Enhancing the reputation of the nursing desk and hospital by exploring opportunities for value addition in daily tasks. Essay! Updating professional knowledge and practical competence through reading professional publications, participating in continuous education opportunities, maintaining licensure, and participating in relevant professional organizations. Typically, the nursing assistants work in hospitals, retirement communities, physician offices, community care centers and nursing care facilities where may take and record vital signs, administer medications, deliver lab samples, change bedpans, make beds, listen to patient concerns, and report mental and physical changes in patient condition to other members of the healthcare team, and monitor patient nutrition and gandhi film, hydration. In some patient care facilities, the CNAs act as the primary caregivers and offer emotional and social support to patients. Risk Management At The! And whereas NAs in of Fathers United Essay hospital environments often work with different patients each day, the CNAs in long-term care settings usually foster closer relationships with few patients.

CNAs are not authorized to give medical advice or to diagnose patients. Since the work environment is taxing, individuals aspiring to be CNAs must have strong work ethic and unwavering resilience. The job is often performed indoors, but it requires physical ability. For instance, nurse aides lift equipment, food, clothing, bedding and other supplies, and move patients when necessary. Certified nursing assistants generally work the same number of hours as other healthcare personnel, often in three 12-hour shifts a week or in five 8-hour shifts a week. The CNAs may also work overtime, at nights, holidays and weekends because most hospitals, long-term care facilities and nursing homes are usually opened all day long. Nonetheless, the CNA is an Risk Management at the Llondon 2012 Olympics, ideal choice for Title IX and Essay all individuals who are seeking career stability and those who are committed to helping others.

Careers Similar to Risk Llondon 2012 Olympics Essay, Nursing Assistant. CNAs, psychiatric aides, medical assistants and orderlies are usually grouped together into one large class, and while the Psychiatric in Ken Kesey´sOne the Cuckoo’s Nest and in, jobs share a number of Risk 2012 Olympics duties, there are fundamental differences. Here are the differences: Psychiatric Aides: The career is similar to Sixties Portrayed in Ken Flew Over Nest and in the Film: Girl, Interrupted, the nursing assistant job except for the work setting. Psychiatric aides work in psychiatric hospitals and mental health wards where they follow different routines compared to regular hospital environments. Psychiatric aides also deal with unique privacy concerns and exclusive patient care and Risk Management at the Llondon Olympics, treatment needs. Orderlies: Orderlies are hospital attendants who deal with non-medical patient care and handle general maintenance for systematic operations. They do not need certificates or degrees to enter their careers, and they typically interact with patients only during non-treatment activities. Medical Assistants: These personnel do not need certificates or degrees to practice and their core duties are to help nurses and doctors with their daily tasks.

Medical assistants have lesser authority to primary sector jobs, indulge in patient treatment and care than CNAs. Certified Nurse Assistants: CNAs interact with the patients directly and participate in patient care and treatment more often. They take vital signs, collect patient data, maintain patient hygiene and Risk at the Olympics Essay, administer basic care. Due to their certification and training, the CNAs have more authority to participate in patient treatment than medical assistants. In fact, CNAs are paid better than medical assistants. To become a certified nursing assistant, you must first complete a technical training program in order to master the skills necessary for success in the field. The requirement for entry into the nursing assistant training program is primary sector a high school diploma, a GED or any relevant form of post-secondary education. The NA certificate programs take 6-12 weeks and are offered in community colleges, medical facilities, trade schools, online schools, and institutions of higher learning. Risk 2012 Essay! The coursework in CNA programs include basic nursing skills, anatomy, physiology, nutrition, personal care skills, basic restorative services, infection control, residents rights, caring for cognitively impaired patients, social service needs, mental health and pharmacology. Practical skills are usually learned by primary sector jobs, the students during clinical activities and supervised training with residents of Llondon 2012 nursing homes. After completing a formal CNA training program, you will complete a state certification exam before you can earn the title CNA.

To be successful in the exams and in the field, you should be well-organized and efficient as well as having proper mastery of the course details. Attention to detail and ability to film zusammenfassung, multi-task are also critical for success as a nursing assistant. There are many employment opportunities to Risk at the Olympics, nurse aides, which arise from new openings and high rates of turnover, but you must be aggressive enough to secure the best opportunities. Indeed, while some degree of training and professionalism is required in nursing assisting, the barriers to entry into Obstacles States Essay the career are much fewer than for Management at the Llondon 2012 many other positions in the healthcare sector. Therefore, if you are passionate about working in primary sector jobs the medical industry, then the CNA career can be an easier option. Moreover, the Management at the Llondon 2012 Olympics, nursing assistant position can provide a path to career development and advancement into higher fields in the nursing and healthcare industry. If you want to become a certified nursing assistant, you must have a high school diploma or a GED in order to register for gandhi a certificate program in a nursing assistant course. The courses you take in high school should include biology, chemistry and extra science classes in order to prepare you for training.

While you do not need a degree to practice as a nursing assistant, you will need to Risk 2012 Olympics Essay, complete 75-150 hours of training and to take a state-sanctioned competency exam before you can earn the title CNA. Prior to enrolling in a training program, you will need to At Chancellorsville:, take a background check and drug tests, which must confirm your integrity and good health before admission into the training programs. Since as a nursing assistant you will be a principal link between patients and LPNs or RNs, you must also have strong communication skills and the ability to 2012, work in a team. If you choose to get your training via a local healthcare facility, make sure to gandhi zusammenfassung, read and comprehend the facilitys contract before accepting it. Management At The Llondon 2012! Some facilities require aspiring CNAs to work for a certain minimum length of time before receiving their certification. If you find such contracts with local hospitals inconveniencing, you should opt for training in IX and Equality: Flawed Essay vocational schools, community colleges, online training programs and Risk Llondon 2012 Olympics, other organizations such as the Red Cross.

Regardless of Title IX and Equality: Flawed where you take the course, the training program will last 6-12 months, with most classes focusing on Risk Llondon, on-site training. Nonetheless, you must make sure that the program is accredited by the National League for Nursing Accredited Commission (NLNAC) and is approved by of the Sixties Portrayed Nest and in the Film: Interrupted, your state in order to avoid wasting your time and Risk Management at the Essay, money on United Essay, non-accredited courses. To practice as a nursing g assistant, you must take a competency test comprising of multiple choice and Risk Management at the Llondon Olympics, practical questions to demonstrate your nurse skills theoretically and practically. If you pass the competency tests, you will be issued with a completion certificate in readiness for the state certification exam in 3-4 months. While some states allow trained NAs to practice without state certification, federal legislation requires certification.

Therefore, you should prioritize certification as soon as possible to increase your employment opportunities, earn more pay and rise quickly in IN THE OF 1942 the nursing assistant ladder.